Rights and Reproductions
National Anthropological Archives
(for images of 3-dimensional objects in the collections, see "Photos of Artifacts" below)
Rights and Reproductions
Images of most historical photographs, maps, drawings, etc. in the Anthropology Archives’ collections that appear in the online Collections Search Center may be downloaded and printed for personal or classroom use, without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, a copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as either the National Anthropological Archives or the Human Studies Film Archives. All other uses require prior written permission from the Archives. Please submit requests using the Archives’ Reproductions and Permissions request form (below).
Smithsonian Directive 609 dated July 15, 2011, permits Smithsonian bureaus to charge fees for the right to reproduce and use images in their collections. At the Archives' discretion, fees may be waived, reduced, or publications accepted in lieu of fees. All requests for fee waivers and reductions must be placed in writing.
Please note that the National Anthropological Archives and Human Studies Film Archives grant permission for reproduction on a case by case basis, and only to the extent of the Archives’ own rights relating to each request. Although reference staff will do its best to provide you with as much information as possible, the ultimate responsibility for ascertaining whether additional related rights exist, and for obtaining all other necessary permissions rests with the user. Additionally, the Archives reserve the right to exercise judgment about the ethical use of materials prior to granting permission.
For general conditions concerning reproductions and permissions, please refer to page 2 of the NAA Reproduction and Permission Request Form.
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Photos of Artifacts
When objects have images online, higher resolution copies of these images may be available. Please contact Esther Rimer for assistance. You will need the image number or catalog number.
If there are no photographs on file, and you would like to request original, professional-quality photography, please contact Esther Rimer to inquire about fees and scheduling.
If you plan to include images provided by the Smithsonian or NMNH in a publication or for commercial use, please fill out an Anthro Permission Request Form and return it to Esther Rimer.
If you would like to access the collections for 3D scanning or other non-2D imaging, please see the Anthropology Sampling, Casting, and 3D imaging page. Researchers must submit a proposal requesting access and describing the intended uses for this data. In general, researchers must provide their own equipment and software.