Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Mercedes Foster

Emeritus Curator (USGS)
Department / Division
Education
  • Ph.D. University of South Florida, Tampa (1974). Biology
  • M.A. University of California, Berkeley (1965). Zoology, minor Botany
  • B.A. University of California, Berkeley (1963). Zoology
Research Interests

Current research interests: (1) Social behavior and ecology of Neotropical birds, with emphasis on the evolution of lek behavior, and the ecology of avian frugivory, and seed dispersal; (2) Ecology of migrating and wintering nearctic birds; (3) Biodiversity studies, particularly the development of standard methods for measuring and monitoring biodiversity of different groups of organisms; (4) Conservation biology of birds.

Publications
Article
  • Foster, Mercedes S. and Johnson, Ned K. 2017. "The Annual Cycle and Natural History of a Subtropical Atlantic Forest Avifauna in Paraguay." Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (648): 2–83. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.19436696.648
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 2014. "Can fruit pulp meet the calcium needs of tropical frugivorous passerines during reproduction?." Journal of Tropical Ecology 30:79–88. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0266467413000643
  • Laurance, William F., Carolina Useche, D., Rendeiro, Julio, Kalka, Margareta, Bradshaw, Corey J. A., Sloan, Sean P., Laurance, Susan G., Campbell, Mason, Abernethy, Kate, Alvarez, Patricia, Arroyo-Rodriguez, Victor, Ashton, Peter, Benítez-Malvido, Julieta, Blom, Allard, Bobo, Kadiri S., Cannon, Charles H., Cao, Min, Carroll, Richard, Chapman, Colin, Coates, Rosamond, Cords, Marina, Danielsen, Finn, De Dijn, Bart, Dinerstein, Eric, Donnelly, Maureen A. et al. 2012. "Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas." Nature 489:290–294. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11318
  • Brooks, Daniel M., O'Neill, John P., Foster, Mercedes S., Mark, Todd, Dauphine, Nico, and Franke, Irma J. 2009. "Avifauna of the Pongos Basin, Amazonas Department, Peru." Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121 (1):54–74. https://doi.org/10.1676/07-160.1
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 2008. "Potential effects of arboreal and terrestrial avian dispersers on seed dormancy, seed germination and seedling establishment in Ormosia (Papilionoideae) species in Peru." Journal of Tropical Ecology 24:619–627. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0266467408005439
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 2008. "Freeze-Frame Fruit Selection by Birds." Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120 (4):901–905. https://doi.org/10.1676/07-122.1
  • Doucet, Stephanie M., McDonald, David B., Foster, Mercedes S., and Clay, Rob P. 2007. "Plumage development and molt in Long-tailed Manakins (Chiroxiphia linearis): Variation according to sex and age." The Auk 124 (1):29–43. https://doi.org/10.1642/0004-8038(2007)124[29:PDAMIL]2.0.CO
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 2007. "Winter behavior and ecology of the Alder Flycatcher (Empidonax alnorum) in Peru." Ornitologia Neotropical 18 (2):171–186.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 2007. "The potential of fruit trees to enhance converted habitats for migrating birds in southern Mexico." Bird Conservation International 17 (1):45–61. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0959270906000554
  • Foster, Mercedes S. and Delay, L. S. 1998. "Dispersal of mimetic seeds of three species of Ormosia (Leguminosae)." Journal of Tropical Ecology 14:389–411.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. and Terborgh, John W. 1998. "Impact of a rare storm event on an Amazonian forest." Biotropica 30 (3):470–474.
  • Grissell, E. E. and Foster, Mercedes S. 1996. "A new Bephratelloides (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) from seeds of Cymbopetalum (Annonaceae) in Mexico." Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 98 (2):256–263.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1995. "For Want of a Nail." Defenders 70 (3):40.
  • Greenberg, Russell S., Foster, Mercedes S., and Marquez, L. 1995. "The role of white-eyed vireos in the dispersal of Bursera Simaruba fruit." Journal of Tropical Ecology 11:619–639.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1993. "A spouse employment program." Bioscience 43:241–242.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1993. "Research, Conservation, and Collaboration - the Role of Visiting Scientists in Developing-Countries." The Auk 110 (2):414–417.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1993. "A Question of Jobs - the 2-Career Couple." Bioscience 43 (4):237–237.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1993. "A Spouse Employment Program." Bioscience 43 (4):241–242.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. and Aguilar, R. 1993. "Primer registro de Eumopos underwoodi (Molossidae) de Costa Rica." Brenesia 39-40:179–180.
  • Foster, Mercedes S., Jenkinson, M. A., and Allen, A. 1993. "The Tools of the Trade - Library Enhancement in Developing-Countries." Bioscience 43 (8):556–563.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1992. "Tent Roosts of Macconnell Bat (Vampyressa-Macconnelli)." Biotropica 24 (3):447–454.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1992. "The international component of managing biological diversity." Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 57:321–329.
  • Jenkinson, Marian A. and Foster, Mercedes S. 1992. "The Latin American Library Enhancement Project (LALEP)." CBE Views: Official Publication of the Council of Biology Editors 15:71–74.
  • Reynolds, Robert P. and Foster, Mercedes S. 1992. "Four New Species of Frogs and One New Species of Snake from the Chapare Region of Bolivia, with Notes on Other Species." Herpetological Monographs 6:83–104. https://doi.org/10.2307/1466963
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1991. "Los saltarines y sus estraordinarios sistemas sociales de leks." Boletín SAO (Sociedad Antioqueña de Ornitología) II (4):5–14.
  • Willard, D. E.,, Foster, Mercedes S., Barrowclough, George W., Dickerman, Robert W., Cannell, Peter P., Coats, Sadie L., Cracraft, Joel L., and O'Neill, J. P. 1991. "The Birds of Cerro de la Neblina, Territorio Federal Amazonas, Venozuela." Fieldiana.Zoology 65:1–85.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1990. "Factors Influencing Bird Foraging Preferences among Conspecific Fruit-Trees." The Condor 92 (4):844–854.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1990. "Review of: No Woman Tenderfoot, by H. Kofalk." Wilson Bulletin 102:562–563.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. and Cannell, P. F. 1990. "Bird Specimens and Documentation - Critical Data for a Critical Resource." The Condor 92 (2):277–283.
  • Foster, Mercedes S., Lopez, H. N. E., and Escobar, M. E. 1989. "Observations of a Nest of Red-Crowned Ant-Tanagers in Paraguay." Journal of Field Ornithology 60 (4):459–468.
  • Beehler, Bruce McP and Foster, Mercedes S. 1988. "Hotshots, Hotspots, and Female Preference in the Organization of Lek Mating Systems." American Naturalist 131 (2):203–219.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1987. "Feeding Methods and Efficiencies of Selected Frugivorous Birds." The Condor 89 (3):566–580.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1987. "Delayed Maturation, Neoteny, and Social System Differences in 2 Manakins of the Genus Chiroxiphia." Evolution 41 (3):547–558.
  • McDiarmid, Roy W. and Foster, Mercedes S. 1987. "Cocoon formation in another hylid frog, Smilisca baudinii." Journal of Herpetology 21 (4):352–355.
  • McDiarmid, Roy W. and Foster, Mercedes S. 1987. "Additions to the reptile fauna of Paraguay with notes on a small herpetological collection from Amambay." Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 22 (1):1–9.
  • Burns-Balogh, Pamela S. and Foster, Mercedes S. 1986. "A new species of Sacroglottis (Orchidaceae) from Paraguay." Selbyana 1986 (9):189–190.
  • Burns-Balogh, P., Robinson, Harold E., and Foster, Mercedes S. 1985. "The capitate-flowered epiphytic Spiranthinae (Orchidaceae) and a new genus from Paraguay." Brittonia 37 (2):154–162.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1985. "Social Organization and Behavior of the Swallow-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata." National Geographic Society Research Reports 18:313–320.
  • Burns-Balogh, Pamela S. and Foster, Mercedes S. 1984. "A new species of Sacroglottis (Orchidaceae) from Paraguay." Selbyana 1984 (7):359–360.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1984. "Jewel Bird Jamboree." Natural History 93 (7):55–&.
  • Smith, Alan R. and Foster, Mercedes S. 1984. "Chromosome numbers and ecological observations of ferns from El Tirol, Paraguay." The Fern Gazette 12:321–329.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1983. [Book review] "A Bird Family. The Cotingas. David Snow.." Science. 219:281–282.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1983. "Training Biologists and Resource Managers in Lesser Developed-Countries." Interciencia 8 (5):289–293.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1983. "Disruption, Dispersion, and Dominance in Lek-Breeding Birds." American Naturalist 122 (1):53–72.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. and McDiarmid, Roy W. 1983. "Nutritional Value of the Aril of Trichilia cuneata, a Bird-Dispersed Fruit." Biotropica 15 (1):26–31.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1982. "The research natural history museum: pertinent or passe?." The Biologist 64:1–12.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. and Fitzgerald, L. A. 1982. "A Technique for Live-Trapping Cormorants." Journal of Field Ornithology 53 (4):422–423.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. and McDiarmid, Roy W. 1982. "Study of aggregative behaviour of Rhinophrynus dorsalis tadpoles: design and analysis." Herpetologica 38 (3):395–404.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1981. "Cooperative behavior and social organization of the Swallow-tailed Manakin (Chiroxiphia caudata)." Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 9:167–177.
  • McDiarmid, Roy W. and Foster, Mercedes S. 1981. "Breeding Habits of the Toad Bufo coccifer in Costa Rica, with a Description of the Tadpole." Southwestern Naturalist 26 (4):353–363.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1978. "Total frugivory in tropical passerines: a reappraisal." Tropical Ecology 19:131–154.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1977. "Ecological and Nutritional Effects of Food Scarcity on a Tropical Frugivorous Bird and its Fruit Source." Ecology 58 (1):73–85. https://doi.org/10.2307/1935109
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1977. [Book review] "The Web of adaptation, bird studies in the American Tropics by David W. Snow." The Auk. 94:618–DO.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1977. "Odd Couples in Manakins: A Study of Social Organization and Cooperative Breeding in Chiroxiphia linearis." American Naturalist 111 (981):845–853. https://doi.org/10.1086/283218
  • McDiarmid, Roy W., Ricklefs, Robert E., and Foster, Mercedes S. 1977. "Dispersal of Stemmadenia donnell-smithii (Apocynaceae) by birds." Biotropica 9 (1):9–25,illust.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1976. "Nesting biology of the Long-tailed Manakin." The Wilson Bulletin 88:400–420.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. and Timm, Robert M. 1976. "Tent-Making by Artibeus jamaicensis (Chiroptera: Phyllostomatidae) with Comments on Plants Used by Bats for Tents." Biotropica 8 (4):265. https://doi.org/10.2307/2989720
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1975. "Temporal patternsof resource allocation and life history phenomena." Florida Scientist 8:129–139.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1975. "The Overlap of Molting and Breeding in Some Tropical Birds." The Condor 77 (3):304–314. https://doi.org/10.2307/1366226
  • McDiarmid, Roy W. and Foster, Mercedes S. 1975. "Unusual sites for two Neotropical tadpoles." Journal of Herpetology 9 (2):264–265.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1974. "A Model to Explain Molt-Breeding Overlap and Clutch Size in Some Tropical Birds." Evolution 28 (2):182–190. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.1974.tb00739.x
  • Foster, Mercedes S. and Johnson, Ned K. 1974. "Notes on Birds of Costa Rica." The Wilson Bulletin 86 (1):58–63.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1971. "Plumage and Behavior of a Juvenile Gray-Headed Kite." The Auk 88 (1):163–166. https://doi.org/10.2307/4083970
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1969. "The Eggs of Three Species of Mallophaga and Their Significance in Ecological Studies." The Journal of parasitology 55 (2):453. https://doi.org/10.2307/3277435
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1967. "Pterylography and Age Determination in the Orange-Crowned Warbler." The Condor 69 (1):1–12. https://doi.org/10.2307/1366367
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1967. "Molt cycles of the Orange-crowned Warbler." The Condor 69:169–200.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1965. "An early reference to the technique of owl calling." The Auk 82:651–653.

... more... less

Chapter
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 2012. "Dealing with Associated Data. Overview." in Reptile Biodiversity Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, Craig, Gibbons, J. Whitfield, and Chernoff, Neil., 51–52. Biodiversity Methods Handbooks. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 2012. "Appendix II. Websites of Interest." in Reptile Biodiversity Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, Craig, Gibbons, J. Whitfield, and Chernoff, Neil., 345–347. Biodiversity Methods Handbooks. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 2012. "Appendix II. Websites of Interest." in Reptile Biodiversity Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, Craig, Gibbons, J. Whitfield, and Chernoff, Neil., 345–347. Biodiversity Methods Handbooks. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 2012. "Appendix II. Websites of Interest." in Reptile Biodiversity Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, Craig, Gibbons, J. Whitfield, and Chernoff, Neil., 345–347. Biodiversity Methods Handbooks. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 2012. "Dealing with Associated Data. Overview." in Reptile Biodiversity Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, Craig, Gibbons, J. Whitfield, and Chernoff, Neil., 51–52. Biodiversity Methods Handbooks. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 2012. "Dealing with Associated Data. Overview." in Reptile Biodiversity Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, Craig, Gibbons, J. Whitfield, and Chernoff, Neil., 51–52. Biodiversity Methods Handbooks. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. and McDiarmid, Roy W. 2012. "Appendix 1: Selected Institutions with Significant Collections of Reptiles." in Reptile Biodiversity Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, Craig, Gibbons, J. Whitfield, and Chernoff, Neil., 341–344. Biodiversity Methods Handbooks. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. and McDiarmid, Roy W. 2012. "Appendix 1: Selected Institutions with Significant Collections of Reptiles." in Reptile Biodiversity Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, Craig, Gibbons, J. Whitfield, and Chernoff, Neil., 341–344. Biodiversity Methods Handbooks. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. and McDiarmid, Roy W. 2012. "Appendix 1: Selected Institutions with Significant Collections of Reptiles." in Reptile Biodiversity Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, Craig, Gibbons, J. Whitfield, and Chernoff, Neil., 341–344. Biodiversity Methods Handbooks. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. and McDiarmid, Roy W. 2012. "Preparing Reptiles as Voucher Specimens: Overview." in Reptile Biodiversity: Standard Methods for Inverntory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, Craig, Gibbons, J. Whitfield, and Chernoff, Neil., 95–96. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. and McDiarmid, Roy W. 2012. "Preparing Reptiles as Voucher Specimens: Overview." in Reptile Biodiversity: Standard Methods for Inverntory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, Craig, Gibbons, J. Whitfield, and Chernoff, Neil., 95–96. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S., McDiarmid, Roy W., and Chernoff, Neil. 2012. "Studying Reptile Biodiversity." in Reptile Biodiversity Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, Craig, Gibbons, J. Whitfield, and Chernoff, Neil., 3–5. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S., McDiarmid, Roy W., and Chernoff, Neil. 2012. "Studying Reptile Biodiversity." in Reptile Biodiversity Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, Craig, Gibbons, J. Whitfield, and Chernoff, Neil., 3–5. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S., McDiarmid, Roy W., and Chernoff, Neil. 2012. "Studying Reptile Biodiversity." in Reptile Biodiversity Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, Craig, Gibbons, J. Whitfield, and Chernoff, Neil., 3–5. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • McDiarmid, Roy W. and Foster, Mercedes S. 2012. "Reptile Biodiversitu: Where do we go from here?." in Reptile Biodiversity Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, Craig, Gibbons, J., and Chernoff, Neil., 335–340. Biodiversity Methods Handbooks. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • McDiarmid, Roy W. and Foster, Mercedes S. 2012. "Reptile Biodiversitu: Where do we go from here?." in Reptile Biodiversity Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, Craig, Gibbons, J., and Chernoff, Neil., 335–340. Biodiversity Methods Handbooks. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • McDiarmid, Roy W. and Foster, Mercedes S. 2012. "Reptile Biodiversitu: Where do we go from here?." in Reptile Biodiversity Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, Craig, Gibbons, J., and Chernoff, Neil., 335–340. Biodiversity Methods Handbooks. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • Reynolds, Robert P. and McDiarmid, Roy W. 2012. "Voucher Specimens." in Reptile Biodiversity: Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Guyer, C., Gibbons, J. W., and Chernoff, N., 89–94. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 2009. "Manakins and Me." in Tale Feathers, edited by Howard, Jaqueline., 153–160. New York: Universe.
  • Bills, Gerald F. and Foster, Mercedes S. 2004. "Formulae for selected materials used to isolate and study fungi and fungal allies." in Biodiversity of Fungi. Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by Mueller, Greg M., Bills, Gerald F., and Foster, Mercedes S., 595–618. New York: Elsevier Academic Press.
  • Bills, Gerald F. and Foster, Mercedes S. 2004. "Formulae for selected materials used to isolate and study fungi and fungal allies." in Biodiversity of Fungi. Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by Mueller, Greg M., Bills, Gerald F., and Foster, Mercedes S., 595–618. New York: Elsevier Academic Press.
  • Bills, Gerald F. and Foster, Mercedes S. 2004. "Formulae for selected materials used to isolate and study fungi and fungal allies." in Biodiversity of Fungi. Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring, edited by Mueller, Greg M., Bills, Gerald F., and Foster, Mercedes S., 595–618. New York: Elsevier Academic Press.
  • Farr, D. F. and Farr, E. R. 2004. "Electronic Information Resources." in Biodiversity of Fungi: Inventory and Monitoring Methods, edited by Mueller, G. M., Bills, G. F., and Foster, Mercedes S., 49–57.
  • Wilkinson, Fiona A. and Foster, Mercedes S. 2004. "Institutions with significant collections of fungi or fungal allies and fungus-related websites." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity, Standard Methods for Fungi, edited by Mueller, G. M., Bills, G., and Foster, Mercedes S., 619–626. Elsevier Press.
  • Wilkinson, Fiona A. and Foster, Mercedes S. 2004. "Institutions with significant collections of fungi or fungal allies and fungus-related websites." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity, Standard Methods for Fungi, edited by Mueller, G. M., Bills, G., and Foster, Mercedes S., 619–626. Elsevier Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 2003. "Preface (to the Russian translation)." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity. Standard Methods for Amphibians (Russian translation), edited by Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S., Russian translation ed. xv–xvii.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 2003. "Preface (to the Russian translation)." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity. Standard Methods for Amphibians (Russian translation), edited by Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S., Russian translation ed. xv–xvii.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 2001. "Prefacio de la editoria de la serie sobre la traduccion." in Medicion y Monitoreo de la Diversidad Biologica. Metodos Estandarizados para Anfibios, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S., Spanish language ed. xxiii–xxv. Chubut, Argentina: Editorial Universitaria de la Patagonia.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 2001. "Estacion Biologica Cocha Cashu: Panorama general." in El Manu y Otras Experiencias de Investigacion y Manejo de Bosques Neotropicales., edited by Rodriguez, Lily O., 19–22. Cusco, Peru: Parque Ncional del Manu.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 2001. "Prefacio de la editoria de la serie sobre la traduccion." in Medicion y Monitoreo de la Diversidad Biologica. Metodos Estandarizados para Anfibios, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S., Spanish language ed. xxiii–xxv. Chubut, Argentina: Editorial Universitaria de la Patagonia.
  • Dobson, A., Ralls, Katherine, Foster, Mercedes S., Soul‚, M. E., Simberloff, D., Doak, D., Estes, J. A., Mills, L. S., Mattson, D., Dirzo, Rodolfo, Arita, Hector T., Ryan, S., Norse, E. A., Noss, R. F., and Johns, D. 1999. "Connectivity: maintaining flows in fragmented landscapes." in Continental Conservation: Design and Management Principles for Long-Term, Regional Conservation Networks, edited by Soul‚, M. and Terborgh, John W., 129–170. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.
  • Scott, J. M., Norse, E. A., and Foster, Mercedes S. 1999. "The Issue of Scale in Selecting and Designing Biological Reserves." in Continental Conservation: Scientific Foundations of Regional Reserve Networks, edited by Soule, Michael E. and Terborgh, John W., 19–37. Washington, DC: Island Press.
  • Gannon, William L. and Foster, Mercedes S. 1996. "Recording Mammal Calls." in Measuring and Monitoring Biodiversity, 71–79. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Gannon, William L. and Foster, Mercedes S. 1996. "Recording Mammal Calls." in Measuring and Monitoring Biodiversity, 71–79. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Hayek, Lee-Ann C. 1996. "Appendix 10: Random Numbers." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Mammals, edited by Wilson, Don E., Cole, F. Russell, Nichils, James D., Rudran, Rasanayagam, and Foster, Mercedes S., 343–354. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Jones, C., McShea, William J., Conroy, M. J., and Kunz, T. H. 1996. "Capturing mammals." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Mammals, edited by Cole, F. Russell, Nichols, J. D., Rudran, Rasanayagam, and Foster, Mercedes S., 115–155. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Kunz, T. H. and Rudran, Rasanayagam. 1996. "Human health concerns." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Mammals, edited by Wilson, Don E., Cole, F. Russell, Nichols, J. D., Rudran, Rasanayagam, and Foster, Mercedes S., 255–264. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Kunz, T. H., Wemmer, Christen M., and Hayssen, V. 1996. "Sex, age, and reproductive condition of mammals." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Mammals, edited by Wilson, Don E., Cole, F. Russell, Nichols, J. D., Rudran, Rasanayagam, and Foster, Mercedes S., 279–290. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • McDiarmid, Roy W., Reynolds, Robert P., and Crombie, Ronald I. 1996. "Permits." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods For Mammals, edited by Wilson, Don E., Cole, F. Russell, Nichols, J. D., Rudram, R., and Foster, Mercedes S., 68–69. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Reynolds, Robert P., Crombie, Ronald I., McDiarmid, Roy W., and Yates, T. L. 1996. "Voucher Specimens." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Mammals, edited by Wilson, Don E., Cole, F. Russell, Nichols, J. D., Rudram, R., and Foster, Mercedes S., 63–68. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Rudran, Rasanayagam. 1996. "Methods for marking mammals." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Mammals, edited by Wilson, Don E., Cole, F. Russell, Nichols, J. D., Rudran, Rasanayagam, and Foster, Mercedes S., 299–303. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Rudran, Rasanayagam and Foster, Mercedes S. 1996. "Conducting a survey to assess mammalian diversity." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Mammals, edited by Wilson, Don E., Cole, F. Russell, Nichols, J. D., Rudran, Rasanayagam, and Foster, Mercedes S., 71–79. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Rudran, Rasanayagam and Foster, Mercedes S. 1996. "Conducting a survey to assess mammalian diversity." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Mammals, edited by Wilson, Don E., Cole, F. Russell, Nichols, J. D., Rudran, Rasanayagam, and Foster, Mercedes S., 71–79. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Rudran, Rasanayagam and Kunz, T. H. 1996. "Ethics in research." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Mammals, edited by Wilson, Don E., Cole, F. Russell, Nichols, J. D., Rudran, Rasanayagam, and Foster, Mercedes S., 251–254. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Rudran, Rasanayagam, Kunz, T. H., Southwell, C., Jarman, P., and Smith, A. 1996. "Observational techniques for non-volant mammals." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Mammals, edited by Wilson, Don E., Cole, F. Russell, Nichols, J. D., Rudran, Rasanayagam, and Foster, Mercedes S., 81–103. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Wemmer, Christen M., Kunz, T. H., Lundie-Jenkins, G., and McShea, William J. 1996. "Mammalian sign." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Mammals, edited by Wilson, Don E., Cole, F. Russell, Nichols, J. D., Rudran, Rasanayagam, and Foster, Mercedes S., 157–176. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Samways, M. J., Stork, Nigel E., Cracraft, Joel, Eeley, H. A., Foster, Mercedes S., Lund, G., and Hilton-Taylor, C. 1995. "Scales, planning, and approaches to inventory and monitoring." in Global Biodiversity Assessment, 475–518. Cambridge, UK;New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hayek, Lee-Ann C. 1994. "Removal Sampling." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S., 201–206. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Hayek, Lee-Ann C. 1994. "Quantitative Analysis of Amphibian Sampling Data." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S., 207–250. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Hayek, Lee-Ann C. 1994. "Research Design for Quantitative Amphibian Studies." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S., 21–40. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Hayek, Lee-Ann C. and McDiarmid, Roy W. 1994. "GIS- An Overview for Amphibian Monitoring." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S., 166–171. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Hayek, Lee-Ann C. and McDiarmid, Roy W. 1994. "GIS and remote sensing techniques." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity — Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S., 166–171. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Heyer, W. Ronald. 1994. "Thread bobbins." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S., 153–155. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S. 1994. "Supplemental Approaches to Studying Amphibian Biodiversity." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald., 143–182. Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S. 1994. "Contents." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald., v–viii. Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S. 1994. "Preface and Introduction." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald., xvii–3. Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S. 1994. "Keys to a Successful Project." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald., 41–73. Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S. 1994. "Glossary." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald., 325–327. Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S. 1994. "Index." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald., 351–359. Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S. 1994. "Essentials of Standardization and Quantification." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald., 17–39. Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S. 1994. "Literature Cited." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald., 329–350. Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S. 1994. "Conclusions and Recommendations." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald., 271–273. Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Juterbock, J. E., Sweet, S. S., and McDiarmid, Roy W. 1994. "Manual GIS application for habitat specialists." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity—Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S., 171–175. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • McDiarmid, Roy W. 1994. "Data standards." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity—Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Heyek, L. -A C., and Foster, Mercedes S., 57–66. Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • McDiarmid, Roy W., Reynolds, Robert P., and Crombie, Ronald I. 1994. "Permits." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S., 71–73. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Reynolds, Robert P., Crombie, Ronald I., and McDiarmid, Roy W. 1994. "Voucher specimens." in Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity — Standard Methods for Amphibians, edited by Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S., 66–71. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1993. "Preservación de ejemplates con máximo contenido de información y resumen de investigaciones basadas en tales materiales." in Curación Moderna de Colecciones Ornitolóicas, edited by Pliego, P. Escalance., 3–14. American Ornithologists Union, WDC.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1985. "Pre-nesting cooperation in birds: another form of helping behavior.." in Neotropical Ornithology, edited by Buckley, Paul A., Foster, Mercedes S., Morton, Eugene S., Ridgely, Robert S., and Buckley, Frances G., 817–828. Ornithological Monographs. Washington DC: American Ornithologists Union.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1985. "Pre-nesting cooperation in birds: another form of helping behavior.." in Neotropical Ornithology, edited by Buckley, Paul A., Foster, Mercedes S., Morton, Eugene S., Ridgely, Robert S., and Buckley, Frances G., 817–828. Ornithological Monographs. Washington DC: American Ornithologists Union.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1985. "Pre-nesting cooperation in birds: another form of helping behavior.." in Neotropical Ornithology, edited by Buckley, Paul A., Foster, Mercedes S., Morton, Eugene S., Ridgely, Robert S., and Buckley, Frances G., 817–828. Ornithological Monographs. Washington DC: American Ornithologists Union.
  • Rappole, John H. and Morton, Eugene S. 1985. "Effects of habitat alteration on a tropical avian forest community." in Neotropical Ornithology, edited by Buckley, P., Foster, Mercedes S., Morton, Eugene S., Buckley, F., and Ridgely, R., 1013–1021. Washington, DC: American Ornithologists Union.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1983. "Chiroxiphia linearis (Bonaparte; Long-tailed Manakin).." in Costa Rican Natural History, edited by Janzen, Daniel H., 563–564. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. and McDiarmid, Roy W. 1983. "Rhinophrynus dorsalis (Alma de Vaca, Sapo Borracho, Mexican Burrowing Toad)." in Costa Rican Natural History, 419–421. Univ. Chicago Press.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. and McDiarmid, Roy W. 1983. "Stemmadenia donnell-smithii (Huevos de Caballo, Cojones de Chancho)." in Costa Rican Natural History, 328–329. Univ. Chicago Press.
  • Littler, Mark M. 1980. "Electrode techniques for measuring marine macrophytic primary productivity." in Pacific seaweed aquaculture, edited by Abbott, Isabella A., Foster, Mercedes S., and Eklund, L. F., 186–187.
  • Littler, Mark M. 1980. "Sampling and interpretive considerations in the measurement of macrophytic primary productivity: an overview with recommendations." in Pacific seaweed aquaculture, edited by Abbott, Isabella A., Foster, Mercedes S., and Eklund, L. F., 62–71.

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Book
  • McDiarmid, Roy W., Foster, Mercedes S., Gueyr, Craig, Gibbons, J. Whitfield, and Chernoff, Neil. 2012. Reptile Biodiversity: Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • Mueller, Gregory M., Bills, Gerald F., and Foster, Mercedes S. 2004. Biodiversity of Fungi: Inventory and Monitoring Methods. Amsterdam;Boston: Elsevier Academic Press.
  • Wilson, Don E., Cole, F. Russell, Nichols, J. D., Rudran, Rasanayagam, and Foster, Mercedes S. 1996. Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Mammals. Washington, D.C. and London: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Heyer, W. Ronald, Donnelly, Maureen A., McDiarmid, Roy W., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., and Foster, Mercedes S. 1994. Measuring and monitoring biological diversity: standard methods for amphibians. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London.
  • Woodman, Neal, Jenkinson, Marian A., and Foster, Mercedes S. 1994. Latin American Research Libraries in Natural History: A Survey. 2nd ed. Chicago, Illinois: Council of Biology Editors.
  • Buckley, P., Foster, Mercedes S., Morton, Eugene S., Ridgely, R., and Buckley, F. 1985. Neotropical Ornithology. American Ornithologists Union.
Conference
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1997. "Evolution of Lek Social Systems in Manakins: Alternative Models and Proofs." In Anais V Congresso Brasileiro de Ornitologia, 7–8. Campinas, Brasil: UNICAMP.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1997. "The Potential of Fruiting Trees for Habitat Enhancement." In Anais V Congresso Brasileiro de Ornitologia, 1–4. Campinas, Brasil: UNICAMP.
Abstract
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1981. "The displays and social behavior of the Blue-backed Manakin, Chiroxiphia pareola." Yearbook of the American Philosophical Society 1980:22.
  • Foster, Mercedes S. 1978. "The displays and social behavior of the Swallow-tailed Manakin, Chiroxiphia caudata." Yearbook of the American Philosophical Society 1997:195 OP.