Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Jim Tyler

Research Associate
Department / Division
Education
  • Ph.D. 1962, Stanford University
  • B.S. 1957, George Washington University
Research Interests

Systematics, morphology, and phylogeny of fossil and extant tetradontiforms, zeiforms, and acanthuroid fishes; behavioral ecology of chaenopsid blennies.

Publications
Book Chapter
  • Bemis, Katherine E., Tyler, James C., Hilton, Eric J., and Bemis, William E. 2021. "Overview of the Anatomy of Ocean Sunfishes (Molidae: Tetraodontiformes)." In The Ocean Sunfishes: Evolution, Biology, and Conservation. Thys, Tierney M., Hays, Graeme C., and Houghton, Jonathan D. R., editors. Boca Raton: CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9780429343360-4.
  • Bannikov, Alexandre F., Carnevale, Giorgio, and Tyler, James C. 2019. "Acronuroides eocaenicus gen. et sp. nov, a new percomorph fish from the Eocene of Italy." In Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona, Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca. 29–37. 19 in Miscellanea Paleontologica 16.
  • Tyler, James C. and Bannikov, Alexandre F. 2011. "A new species of Aulorhamphus fish from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy (Aulorhamphidae, basal Gasterosteiformes)." In Miscellanea Paleontologica. 37–45. Verona, Italy: Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona. 10 in Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca.
  • Tyler, James C. and Bannikov, Alexandre F. 2011. "New specimen of rare fossil triacanthid fish genus Protacanthodes from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy (Triacanthidae, Tetraodontiformes)." In Miscellanea Paleontologica. 29–35. Verona, Italy: Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona. 10 in Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca.
  • Tyler, James C. and Bannikov, Alexandre F. 2011. "New genus and species of aulorhamphid fish (Aulorhamphidae, basal Gasterosteiformes) from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy, with a unique first-dorsal-fin pterygiophore placement." In Miscellanea Paleontologica. 57–65. Verona, Italy: Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona. 10 in Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca.
  • Tyler, James C. and Bannikov, Alexandre F. 2011. "An informative new specimen of the fish Veronarhamphus canossae from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy (Aulorhamphidae, basal Gasterosteiformes)." In Miscellanea Paleontologica. 47–55. Verona, Italy: Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona. 10 in Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca.
  • Tyler, James C. 2005. "A new genus for the surgeon fish Acanthurus gaudryi De Zigno 1887 from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy, a morphologically primitive basal taxon of Acanthuridae (Acanthuroidea, Perciformes)." In Miscellanea Paleontologica. 149–163. Verona, Italy: Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona. 8 in Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca.
  • Tyler, James C. 2004. "Review of the species of the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy, fish family Aulorhamphidae, new, related to Gasterosteiformes." In Miscellanea Paleontologica. 37–54. Verona, Italy: Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona. 7 in Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca.
  • Bannikov, Alexandre F. and Tyler, James C. 2002. "A new genus and species of rabbitfish (Acanthuroidei; Siganidae) from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy." In Miscellanea Paleontologica. 37–45. Verona, Italy: Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona. 6 in Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca.
  • Matsuura, K. and Tyler, James C. 1994. "Triggerfishes and their allies." In Encyclopedia of Fishes. Paxton, John R. and Eschmeyer, W. N., editors. 229–233. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press.
  • Tyler, James C. 1986. "Triacanthodidae." In Smith's Sea Fishes. Smith, M. M. and Heemstra, P. C., editors. 887–890. South Africa: Macmillan.

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Journal Article
  • Carnevale, Giorgio and Tyler, James C. 2015. "A new pufferfish (Teleostei, Tetraodontidae) from the Middle Miocene of St. Margarethen, Austria." Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 89, (3) 435–447. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12542-014-0243-3.
  • Carnevale, G., Bannikov, Alexandre F., Marramà, G., Tyler, James C., and Zorzin., R. 2014. "The Bolca Fossil-Lagerstätte: A window into the Eocene World. 5. The Pesciara- Monte Postale Fossil-Lagerstätte: 2. Fishes and other vertebrates. Excursion guide." Rendiconti della Società Paleontologica Italiana, 4, (1) i–xxvii.
  • Tyler, James C., Johnson, G. David, Jawad, Laith, and Brothers, Edward B. 2014. "A developmentally “tail-less” adult cowfish, Lactoria cornuta, from Oman (Ostraciidae, Tetraodontiformes)." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 127, (2) 311–322. https://doi.org/10.2988/0006-324X-127.2.311.
  • Tyler, James C., Collette, Bruce B., and Broughton, Elisabeth A. 2013. "Northern Range Extension to Georges Bank for Hollardia hollardi (Reticulate Spikefish) (Triacanthodidae, Tetraodontiformes)." Northeastern Naturalist, 20, (4) N33–N36. https://doi.org/10.1656/045.020.0421.
  • Tyler, James C. and Micklich, Norbert R. 2011. "A new genus and species of surgeon fish (Perciformes, Acanthuridae) from the Oligocene of Kanton Glarus, Switzerland." Swiss Journal of Palaeontology, 130, (2) 203–216. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13358-011-0016-5.
  • Bannikov, Alexandre F., Tyler, James C., and Sorbini, C. 2010. "Two new taxa of Eocene rabbitfishes (Perciformes, Siganidae) from the North Caucasus (Russia), with redescription of Acanthopygaeus agassizi (Eastman) from Monte Bolca (Italy) and a phylogenetic analysis of the family." Bollettino del Museo civico di storia naturale di Verona: Geologia, Paleontologia, Preistoria, 34 3–21.
  • Carnevale, Giorgio and Tyler, James C. 2010. "Review of the fossil pufferfish genus Archaeotetraodon (Teleostei, Tetraodontidae), with description of three new taxa from the Miocene of Italy." Geobios, 43, (3) 283–304. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geobios.2009.10.005.
  • Micklich, Norbert Richard, Tyler, James C., Johnson, G. David, Swidnicka, Ewa, and Bannikov, Alexandre F. 2009. "First fossil records of the tholichthys larval stage of butterfly fishes (Perciformes, Chaetodontidae), from the Oligocene of Europe." Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 83, (4) 479–497. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12542-009-0031-7.
  • Tyler, James C. and Bannikov, Alexandre F. 2009. "Phylogenetic implications of the some cranial features of the porcupine pufferfish Pshekhadiodon (Tetraodontiformes, Diodontidae) from the Eocene of the Northern Caucasus." Journal of Ichthyology, 49, (9) 703–709. https://doi.org/10.1134/S003294520909001X.
  • Bannikov, Alexandre F. and Tyler, James C. 2008. "A new species of the pufferfish Eotetraodon (Tetraodontiformes, Tetraodontidae) from the Eocene of the Northern Caucasus." Paleontological Journal, 42, (5) 526–530. https://doi.org/10.1134/S0031030108050080.
  • Bannikov, Alexandre F. and Tyler, James C. 2008. "A new genus and species of triggerfish from the Middle Eocene of the Northern Caucasus, the earliest member of the Balistidae (Tetraodontiformes)." Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal, 42, (6) 615–620. https://doi.org/10.1134/S0031030108060075.
  • Nolf, Dirk and Tyler, James C. 2007. "Otolith evidence concerning interrelationships of caproid, zeiform and tetraodontiform fishes." Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique Biologie, 76 147–189.
  • Bannikov, Alexandre F. and Tyler, James C. 2006. "A new species of the genus Aulorhamphus (Gasterosteiformes : Aulorhamphidae) from the Eocene of the Caucasus in southwestern Russia." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 119, (1) 143–149. https://doi.org/10.2988/0006-324X(2006)119[143:ANSOTG]2.0.CO;2.
  • Santini, F., Tyler, James C., Bannikov, Alexandre F., and Baciu, D. S. 2006. "A phylogeny of extant and fossil buckler dory fishes, family Zeidae (Zeiformes, Acanthomorpha)." Cybium, 30, (2) 99–107.
  • Tyler, James C., Mirzaie, Majid, and Nazemi, Alireza. 2006. "New genus and species of basal tetraodontoid puffer fish from the Oligocene of Iran, related to the Zignoichthyidae (Tetraodontiformes)." Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona Geologia Paleontologia Preistoria, 30 49–58.
  • Baciu, Dorin-Sorin, Bannikov, Alexandre F., and Tyler, James C. 2005. "Revision of the fossil fishes of the family Caproidae (Acanthomorpha)." Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca, 11 7–74.
  • Baciu, Dorin-Sorin, Bannikov, Alexandre F., and Tyler, James C. 2005. "Revision of the fossil fishes of the family Zeidae (Zeiformes)." Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona Geologia Paleontologia Preistoria, 29 95–128.
  • Tyler, James C. 2005. "Redescription and basal phylogenetic placement of the acanthurid surgeon fish Gazolaichthys vestenanovae from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy (Perciformes; Acanthuroidea)." Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca, 11 97–117.
  • Tyler, James C. and Bannikov, Alexandre F. 2005. "Massalongius, gen. & fam. nov., a new clade of acanthuroid fishes (Perciformes, Acanthuroidea) from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy, related to the Zanclidae." Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca, 11 75–95.
  • Tyler, James C. and Santini, F. 2005. "A phylogeny of the fossil and extant zeiform-like fishes, Upper Cretaceous to Recent, with comments on the putative zeomorph clade (Acanthomorpha)." Zoologica Scripta, 34, (2) 157–175. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2005.00180.x.
  • Santini, F. and Tyler, James C. 2004. "The importance of even highly incomplete fossil taxa in reconstructing the phylogenetic relationships of the Tetraodontiformes (Acanthomorpha : Pisces)." Integrative and Comparative Biology, 44, (5) 349–357.
  • Sorbini, Chiara and Tyler, James C. 2004. "Review of the fossil file fishes of the family Monacanthidae (Tetraodontiformes), Pliocene and Pleistocene of Europe, with a new genus, Frigocanthus, and two new species related to the Recent Aluterus." Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona Geologia Paleontologia Preistoria, 26 41–76.
  • Tyler, James C. 2004. "Review of the species of the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy, fish family Aulorhamphidae, new, related to Gasterosteiformes." Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca, 10 37–54.
  • Tyler, James C. and Hastings, Philip. 2004. "Emblemariopsis dianae, a new species of chaenopsid fish from the western Caribbean off Belize (Blennioidei)." Aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, 8, (2) 49–60.
  • Clarke, R. D. and Tyler, James C. 2003. "Differential space utilization by male and female spinyhead blennies, Acanthemblemaria spinosa (Teleostei : Chaenopsidae)." Copeia, (2) 241–247.
  • Santini, F. and Tyler, James C. 2003. "A phylogeny of the families of fossil and extant tetraodontiform fishes (Acanthomorpha, Tetraodontiformes), Upper Cretaceous to recent." Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 139, (4) 565–617.
  • Smith, C. Lavett, Tyler, James C., Davis, William P., Jones, Robert S., Smith, David G., and Baldwin, Carole C. 2003. "Fishes of the Pelican Cays, Belize." Atoll Research Bulletin, 497 1–88. (Atoll Research Bulletin) https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.497.1.
  • Santini, F. and Tyler, James C. 2002. "Phylogeny and biogeography of the extant species of triplespine fishes (Triacanthidae, Tetraodontiformes)." Zoologica Scripta, 31, (4) 321–330.
  • Santini, Francesco and Tyler, James C. 2002. "Phylogeny of the ocean sunfishes (Molidae, Tetraodontiformes), a highly derived group of teleost fishes." Italian Journal of zoology, 69, (1) 37–43.
  • Tyler, James C. and Bannikov, Alexandre F. 2002. "A new genus and species of deep-bodied perciform fish (Teleostei) from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy, representing a new family, the Zorzinichthyidae, related to the caproid- and sorbinipercid-like clades." Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca, 9 23–35.
  • Tyler, James C. and Santini, Francesco. 2002. "Review and reconstructions of the Tetraodontiform fishes from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy, with comments on related Tertiary taxa." Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca, 9 47–119.
  • Baciu, D. S. and Tyler, James C. 2001. "Cephalacanthus trispinosus Ciobanu 1977 from the Oligocene of Romania, a valid species of the triplespine genus Acanthopleurus (Tetraodontiformes: Triacanthidae)." Revue Roumain de Géologie, Géophysique et Géographie, 45 53–64.
  • Bannikov, Alexandre F. and Tyler, James C. 2001. "A new species of the luvarid fish genus Avitoluvarus (Acanthuroidei : Perciformes) from the Eocene of the Caucasus in southwest Russia." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 114, (3) 579–588.
  • Tyler, James C. and Santini, Francesco. 2001. "A new species of triacanthid fish of the genus Protacanthodes from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy (Tetraodontiformes)." Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona Geologia Paleontologia Preistoria, 25 3–9.
  • Tyler, James C. 2000. "Arambourgthurus, a new genus of hypurostegic surgeonfish (Acanthuridae) from the Oligocene of Iran, with a phylogeny of the Nasinae." Geodiversitas, 22, (4) 525–537.
  • Tyler, James C. and Bannikov, Alexandre F. 2000. "A new species of the surgeon fish genus Tauichthys from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy (Perciformes, Acanthuridae)." Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona Geologia Paleontologia Preistoria, 24 29–36.
  • Tyler, James C., Bronzi, Patrizio, and Ghiandoni, Alberto. 2000. "The Cretaceous fishes of Nardo 11o. A new genus and species of Zeiformes, Cretazeus rinaldii, the earliest record for the order." Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona Geologia Paleontologia Preistoria, 24 11–27.
  • Bannikov, Alexandre F. and Tyler, James C. 1999. "Sorbinicapros, a new second taxon of the caproid-related fish family Sorbinipercidae, from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy." Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca, 8 129–142.
  • Tyler, James C. 1999. "A new genus and species of surgeon fish (Acanthuridae) with a unique dorsal-fin pterygiophore arrangement from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy." Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca, 8 246–256.
  • Tyler, James C. 1999. "A new genus and species of surgeon fish (Acanthuridae) with four dorsal-fin spines from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy." Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca, 8 257–268.
  • Tyler, James C. and Sorbini, Chiara. 1999. "Phylogeny of the fossil and recent genera of fishes of the family Scatophagidae (Squamipinnes)." Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona, 23 353–393.
  • Tyler, James C. and Winterbottom, Richard. 1999. "A review of the morphology and relationships of the Oligocene spikefish genera Acanthopleurus Agassiz 1844 and Cryptobalistes Tyler 1968 (Tetraodontiformes: Triacanthidae)." Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 73, (3/4) 351–367.
  • Smith, C. L., Tyler, James C., Andreyko, H., and Tyler, D. M. 1998. "Behavioral ecology of the sailfin blenny, Emblemaria pandionis (Pisces: Chaenopsidae), in the Caribbean off Belize." American Museum Novitates, 3232 1–40.
  • Sorbini, Lorenzo and Tyler, James C. 1998. "A new species of the Eocene surgeon fish genus Pesciarichthys from Monte Bolca, Italy (Acanthuridae), with comments on caudal peduncle armature and supraneurals in acanthurids." Studi e ricerche sui giacimenti terziari di Bolca., 7 21–34.
  • Tyler, James C. 1998. "A new family for a long known but undescribed acanthopterygian fish from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy: Sorbiniperca scheuchzeri gen. & sp. nov." Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 91, (3) 521–540.
  • Bannikov, Alexandre F. and Tyler, James C. 1997. "First discovery of a porcupinefish (Tetraodontiformes) in the Eocene of the North Caucasus." Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal, (6) 81–85.
  • Gilbert, C. R. and Tyler, James C. 1997. "Apogon robbyi, a new cardinalfish (Perciformes: Apogonidae) from the Caribbean sea." Bulletin of Marine Science, 60, (3) 764–781.
  • Tyler, D. M. and Tyler, James C. 1997. "A new species of chaenopsid fish, Emblemariopsis ruetzleri, from the western Caribbean off Belize (Blennioidei) with notes on its life history." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 110, (1) 24–38.
  • Tyler, James C. 1997. "New species of Paratriacanthodes spikefish (Triacanthodidae: Tetraodontiformes) from the South China Sea." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 110, (2) 310–313.
  • Tyler, James C. 1997. "The Miocene fish Marosichthys, a putative tetraodontiform, actually a perciform surgeon fish (Acanthuridae) related to the recent Naso." Beaufortia, 47, (1) 1–10.
  • Tyler, James C. and Feller, Ilka C. 1996. "Caribbean marine occurrence in mangroves of a typically fresh-water synbranchiform fish." Gulf of Mexico Science, 14, (1) 26–30.
  • Bannikov, Alexandre F. and Tyler, James C. 1994. "Revision of the Eocene fish family Exelliidae (Perciformes)." Paleontologitchesky Journal, 1994, (3) 103–113.
  • Tyler, James C. and Bannikov, Alexandre F. 1994. "A New Genus of Fossil Pufferfish (Tetraodontidae, Tetraodontiformes) Based on a New Species from the Oligocene of Russia and a Referred Species from the Miocene of Ukraine." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 107, (1) 97–108.
  • Tyler, James C. and Luckhurst, B. E. 1994. "Unusual features of the colonies of the common western Atlantic garden eel (Heterocongrinae), with a new record for Bermuda." Northeast Gulf Science, 13, (2) 89–100.
  • Tyler, James C., Johnson, G. David, Brothers, Edward B., Tyler, Diane M., and Smith, C. Lavett. 1993. "Comparative Early Life Histories of Western Atlantic Squirrelfishes (Holocentridae) - Age and Settlement of Rhynchichthys, Meeki, and Juvenile Stages." Bulletin of Marine Science, 53, (3) 1126–1150.
  • Bannikov, Alexandre F. and Tyler, James C. 1992. "Caprovesposus from the Oligocene of Russia - the Pelagic Acronurus Presettlement Stage of a Surgeonfish (Teleostei, Acanthuridae)." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 105, (4) 810–820.
  • Tyler, James C. and Bannikov, Alexandre F. 1992. "New Genus of Primitive Ocean Sunfish with Separate Premaxillae from the Eocene of Southwest Russia (Molidae, Tetraodontiformes)." Copeia, (4) 1014–1023.
  • Tyler, James C. and Gilmore, R. G. 1992. "Deepwater Populations of the Western Atlantic Pearlfish Carapus bermudensis (Ophidiiformes: Carapidae)." Bulletin of Marine Science, (2) 218–223.
  • Tyler, James C., Purdy, Robert W., and Oliver, K. H. 1992. "A New Species of Sphoeroides Pufferfish (Teleostei, Tetraodontidae) with Extensive Hyperostosis from the Pliocene of North-Carolina." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 105, (3) 462–482.
  • Tyler, James C., Robins, C. R., Smith, C. L., and Gilmore, R. G. 1992. "Deep-Water Populations of the Western Atlantic Pearlfish Carapus-Bermudensis (Ophidiiformes, Carapidae)." Bulletin of Marine Science, 51, (2) 218–223.
  • Tyler, James C. and Patterson, C. 1991. "The Skull of the Eocene Triodon-Antiquus (Triodontidae, Tetraodontiformes) - Similar to that of the Recent Threetooth Pufferfish T-Macropterus." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 104, (4) 878–891.
  • Smith, C. L., Tyler, James C., and Stillman, L. 1987. "Inshore Ichthyoplankton - a Distinctive Assemblage." Bulletin of Marine Science, 41, (2) 432–440.
  • Su, J. and Tyler, James C. 1986. "Diagnoses of Arothron nigropunctatus and A. meleagris, Two Extremely Polychromatic Indo-Pacific Pufferfishes (Pisces: Tetraodontidae)." Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 138, (1) 14–32.
  • Tyler, James C., Su, J., and Hardy, G. S. 1986. "A New Generic Name for Anchisomus multistriatus Richardson 1854 (Tetraodontidae), with Notes on its Toxicity and Pufferfish Biting Behavior." Records Western Australian Museum, 13, (1) 101–120.

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Web Page / Electronic Publication
Book

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Abstract
  • Sorbini, Chiara and Tyler, James C. 2001. "Review of the fossil filefishes of the family Monacanthidae (Tetraodontiformes), from the Pliocene of Italy." , 56.