Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

James Mead

Emeritus Curator
Department / Division
Education
  • Ph.D. (Evolutionary Biology): University of Chicago, 1972
  • M.A. (Geology): University of Texas at Austin, 1968
  • B.S. (Biology and Geology): Yale University, 1965
Research Interests

Evolution and interrelationship of cetaceans; functional anatomy, distribution, and biology of cetaceans in the western and northern Atlantic

Publications
Article
  • Vollmer, Nicole L., Ashe, Erin, Brownell, Robert L., Cipriano, Frank, Mead, James G., Reeves, Randall R., Soldevilla, Melissa S., and Williams, Rob. 2019. "Taxonomic revision of the dolphin genus Lagenorhynchus." Marine Mammal Science 35 (3):957–1057. https://doi.org/10.1111/mms.12573
  • Yamada, Tadasu K., Kitamura, Shino, Abe, Syuiti, Tajima, Yuko, Matsuda, Ayaka, Mead, James G., and Matsuishi, Takashi F. 2019. "Description of a new species of beaked whale (Berardius) found in the North Pacific." Scientific Reports 9:12723–12723. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-46703-w
  • Tsai, Cheng-Hsiu and Mead, James G. 2018. "Crossing the equator: a northern occurrence of the pygmy right whale." Zoological Letters 4 (1):30. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40851-018-0117-8
  • Van Waerebeek, Koen, van Helden, Anton, Würsig, Bernd, Brownell, Robert L., Jr., Cipriano, Frank, Perrin, William F., and Mead, James G. 2018. "Alan Noel Baker 1940-2017." Marine Mammal Science 34 (2):563–570. https://doi.org/10.1111/mms.12493
  • West, Kristi L., Walker, William A., Baird, Robin W., Mead, James G., and Collins, Paul W. 2017. "Diet of Cuvier's beaked whales Ziphius cavirostris from the North Pacific and a comparison with their diet world-wide." Marine Ecology Progress Series 574:227–242. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12214
  • Woodman, Neal and Mead, James G. 2017. "Rafinesque's Sicilian whale, Balena gastrytis." Archives of Natural History 44 (2):229–240. https://doi.org/10.3366/anh.2017.0446
  • Yamato, Maya, Khidas, Kamal, Pyenson, Nicholas D., Fordyce, R. Ewan, and Mead, James G. 2016. "Extensively remodeled, fractured cetacean tympanic bullae show that whales can survive traumatic injury to the ears." Journal of anatomy 228 (1):125–136. https://doi.org/10.1111/joa.12385
  • Dalebout, Merel L., Baker, C. Scott, Steel, Debbie, Thompson, Kirsten, Robertson, Kelly M., Chivers, Susan J., Perrin, William F., Goonatilake, Manori, Anderson, R. Charles, Mead, James G., Potter, Charles W., Thompson, Lisa, Jupiter, Danielle, and Yamada, Tadasu K. 2014. "Resurrection of Mesoplodon hotaula Deraniyagala 1963: A new species of beaked whale in the tropical Indo-Pacific." Marine Mammal Science 30 (3):1081–1108. https://doi.org/10.1111/mms.12113
  • Nweeia, Martin T., Eichmiller, Frederick C., Hauschka, Peter V., Donahue, Gretchen A., Orr, Jack R., Ferguson, Steven H., Watt, Cortney A., Mead, James G., Potter, Charles W., Dietz, Rune, Giuseppetti, Anthony A., Black, Sandie R., Trachtenberg, Alexander J., and Kuo, Winston P. 2014. "Sensory ability in the narwhal tooth organ system." Anatomical Record : Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology 297 (4):599–617. https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.22886
  • Nweeia, Martin T., Eichmiller, Frederick C., Hauschka, Peter V., Tyler, Ethan, Mead, James G., Potter, Charles W., Angnatsiak, David P., Richard, Pierre R., Orr, Jack R., and Black, Sandie R. 2012. "Vestigial Tooth Anatomy and Tusk Nomenclature for Monodon Monoceros." Anatomical Record : Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology 295 (6):1006–1016. https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.22449
  • West, Kristi L., Mead, James G., and White, Whitney. 2011. "Steno bredanensis (Cetacea: Delphinidae)." Mammalian Species 43 (1):177–189. https://doi.org/10.1644/886.1
  • D'Amico, Angela, Gisiner, Robert C., Ketten, Darlene R., Hammock, Jennifer A., Johnson, Chip, Tyack, Peter L., and Mead, James G. 2009. "Beaked Whale Strandings and Naval Exercises." Aquatic Mammals 35 (4):452–472. https://doi.org/10.1578/AM.35.4.2009.452
  • Mead, James G. and Fordyce, R. Ewan. 2009. "The therian skull : a lexicon with emphasis on the odontocetes." Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (627): 1–249. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810282.627
  • Oremland, Mollie Sue, Allen, Bernadette M., Clapham, Phil J., Moore, Michael J., Potter, Charles W., and Mead, James G. 2009. "Mandibular fractures in short-finned pilot whales, Globicephala macrorhynchus." Marine Mammal Science 26 (1):1–16. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2009.00334.x
  • Dalebout, M. L., Baker, C. S., Steel, D., Robertson, K. M., Chivers, S. J., Perrin, William F., Mead, James G., Grace, R. V., and Schofield, T. D. 2007. "A divergent mtDNA lineage among Mesoplodon beaked whales: Molecular evidence for a new species in the tropical Pacific?." Marine Mammal Science 23 (4):954–966. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2007.00143.x
  • Mead, James G. 2007. "Stomach Anatomy and Use in Defining Systemic Relationships of the Cetacean Family Ziphiidae (Beaked Whales)." Anatomical Record : Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology 290:581–595.
  • Perrin, William F., Robertson, Kelly M., Van Bree, Peter J. H., and Mead, James G. 2007. "Cranial description and genetic identity of the holotype specimen of Tursiops aduncus (Ehrenberg, 1832)." Marine Mammal Science 23 (2):343–357. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-7692.2007.00119.x
  • Brownell, Robert L., Jr., Yamada, T., Mead, James G., and Helden, A. L. 2004. "Mass stranding of Cuvier's beaked whales in Japan: U.S. Naval acoustic link?." Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 7:1–10.
  • Dalebout, M. L., Baker, C. S., Mead, James G., Cockcroft, V. G., and Yamada, T. K. 2004. "A comprehensive and validated molecular taxonomy of beaked whales, family Ziphiidae." Journal of Heredity 95 (6):459–473. https://doi.org/10.1093/jhered/esh054
  • Dalebout, M. L., Mead, James G., Baker, C. S., Baker, A. N., and van Helden, A. L. 2002. "A new species of beaked whale Mesoplodon perrini sp N. (Cetacea : Ziphiidae) discovered through phylogenetic analyses of mitochondrial DNA sequences." Marine Mammal Science 18 (3):577–608.
  • McLellan, W., Friedlander, A., Mead, James G., Potter, Charles W., and Pabst, D. A. 2002. "Analyzing 25 Years of Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) Strandings along the Atlantic coast of the USA: Do Historic Recods Support the Coastal Migratory Stock Hypothesis." Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 4:297–304.
  • Walker, W. A., Mead, James G., and Brownell, Robert L., Jr. 2002. "Diets of Baird's Beaked Whales, Beradius Bairdii, in the Southern Sea of Okhotsk and off the Pacific Coast of Honshu, Japan." Marine Mammal Science 18 (4):902–919.
  • Laist, D. W., Knowlton, A. R., Mead, James G., Collet, A. S., and Podesta, M. 2001. "Collisions between ships and whales." Marine Mammal Science 17 (1):35–75.
  • Gannon, D. P., Read, A. J., Craddock, J. E., and Mead, James G. 1997. "Stomach contents of long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas) stranded on the US mid-Atlantic coast." Marine Mammal Science 13 (3):405–418.
  • Heyning, J. E. and Mead, James G. 1997. "Thermoregulation in the mouths of feeding gray whales." Science 278 (5340):1138–1139.
  • Laerm, J., Wenzel, F., Craddock, J. E., Weinand, D., McGurk, J., Harris, M. J., Early, G. A., Mead, James G., Potter, Charles W., and Barros, N. B. 1997. "New prey species for northwestern Atlantic humpback whales." Marine Mammal Science 13 (4):705–711.
  • Mead, James G. and Potter, Charles W. 1995. "Recognizing Two Populations off the Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) of the Atlantic Coast of North America - Morphologic and Ecologic Considerations." International Marine Biology Research Institute: IBI Reports (5): 31–44.
  • Curry, B. E., Mead, James G., and Purgue, A. P. 1994. "The Occurrence of Calculi in the Nasal Diverticula of Porpoises (Phocoenidae)." Marine Mammal Science 10 (1):81–86.
  • Heyning, J. E., Mead, James G., and Bryden, M. M. 1993. "A Palatal Rete in the Right Whale." Nature 361 (6407):24–25.
  • Mead, James G. 1993. "The systematic importance of stomach anatomy in beaked whales." International Marine Biology Research Institute: IBI Reports (4): 75–86.
  • Rommel, S. A., Pabst, D. A., Mclellan, W. A., Mead, James G., and Potter, Charles W. 1992. "Anatomical Evidence for a Countercurrent Heat-Exchanger Associated with Dolphin Testes." Anatomical Record : Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology 232 (1):150–156.
  • Reyes, J. C., Mead, James G., and Vanwaerebeek, K. 1991. "A New Species of Beaked-Whale Mesoplodon-Peruvianus Sp-N (Cetacea, Ziphiidae) from Peru." Marine Mammal Science 7 (1):1–24.
  • Brownell, Robert L., Jr. and Mead, James G. 1989. "Taxonomic Status of the Delphinid (Mammalia: Cetacea) Tursiops panope Philippi, 1895." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 102 (2):532–534.
  • Mead, James G. and Baker, A. N. 1987. "Notes on the Rare Beaked-Whale, Mesoplodon-Hectori (Gray)." Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 17 (3):303–312.
  • Perrin, William F., Mitchell, E. D., Mead, James G., Caldwell, D. K., Caldwell, M. C., Vanbree, P. J. H., and Dawbin, W. H. 1987. "Revision of the Spotted Dolphins, Stenella Spp." Marine Mammal Science 3 (2):99–170.
  • Mead, James G. 1984. "Review of "Strandings, Ways to Save Whales: A Humane Conservationists Guide," by F. D. Robson." African Wildlife 38 (4):168–169.
  • Mead, James G. 1984. "Survey of Reproductive Data for the Beaked Whales (Ziphiidae)." Report of the International Whaling Commision 91–96.
  • Mead, James G., Walker, William A., and Houck, Warren J. 1982. "Biological observations on Mesoplodon carlhubbsi (Cetacea, Ziphiidae)." Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (344): 1–25. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810282.344
  • Mead, James G. 1981. "First Record of Mesoplodon hectori from the Northern Hemisphere and a Description of the Adult Male." Journal of mammalogy 62 (2):430–432.
  • Perrin, William F., Mitchell, E. D., Mead, James G., Caldwell, D. K., and Vanbree, P. J. H. 1981. "Stenella-Clymene, a Rediscovered Tropical Dolphin of the Atlantic." Journal of Mammalogy 62 (3):583–598.
  • Mead, James G., Odell, D. K., Wells, R. S., and Scott, M. D. 1980. "Observations on a Mass Stranding of Spinner Dolphin, Stenella-Longirostris, from the West-Coast of Florida." Fishery Bulletin 78 (2):353–360.
  • Testaverde, S. A. and Mead, James G. 1980. "Southern Distribution of the Atlantic Whitesided Dolphin, Lagenorhynchus-Acutus, in the Western North-Atlantic." Fishery Bulletin 78 (1):167–169.
  • Irvine, A. B., Scott, M. D., Wells, R. S., and Mead, James G. 1979. "Stranding of the Pilot Whale, Globicephala-Macrorhynchus, in Florida and South-Carolina." Fishery Bulletin 77 (2):511–513.
  • Arnason, U., Benirschke, K., Mead, James G., and Nichols, W. W. 1977. "Banded Karyotypes of 3 Whales - Mesoplodon-Europaeus, Mesoplodon-Carlhubbsi and Balaenoptera-Acutorostrata." Hereditas 87 (2):189–200.
  • Heyning, J. E. and Mead, James G. 1977. "Thermoregulation in the mouths of feeding gray whales." Science 278 (5340):1138–1139.
  • Mead, James G. 1977. "Records of Sei and Bryde's Whales from the Atlantic Coast of the United States, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean." Reports of the International Whaling Commission 1:113–116.
  • Litchfield, C., Greenberg, A., and Mead, James G. 1976. "The Distinctive Character of Ziphiidae Head and Blubber Fats." Cetology (23): 1–10.
  • Mead, James G. 1975. "Fossil Beaked Whale (Cetacea-Ziphiidae) from Miocene of Kenya." Journal of Paleontology 49 (4):745–751.
  • Mead, James G. 1975. "Men and Whales at Scammon's Lagoon (Review)." Journal of Mammalogy 56 (1):285–286.
  • Mead, James G. 1975. "Anatomy of the External Nasal Passages and Facial Complex in the Delphinidae (Mammalia: Cetacea)." Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (207): 1–35. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810282.207
  • Mead, James G. 1975. "Preliminary Report on the Former Net Fisheries for Tursiops truncatus in the Western North-Atlantic." Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 32 (7):1155–1162.
  • Mead, James G. and Payne, R. S. 1975. "Specimen of Tasman Beaked Whale, Tasmacetus-Shepherdi, from Argentina." Journal of Mammalogy 56 (1):213–218.

... more... less

Book
  • Ellis, Richard and Mead, James G. 2017. Beaked whales: a complete guide to their biology and conservation. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Hare, M. P. and Mead, James G. 1987. Handbook for the Determination of Adverse Human-maMarine Mammal Interactions from Necropsies.
  • Olson, Everett C. and Mead, James G. 1982. The Vale Formation (lower Permian) : its vertebrates and paleoecology.
Chapter
  • Nweeia, Martin T., Nutarak, Cornelius, Eichmiller, Frederick C., Eidelman, Naomi, Giuseppetti, Anthony A., Quinn, Janet, Mead, James G., K'issuk, Kaviqanguak, Hauschka, Peter V., Tyler, Ethan M., Potter, Charles W., Orr, Jack R., Avike, Rasmus, Nielsen, Pavia, and Angnatsiak, David. 2009. "Considerations Of Anatomy, Morphology, Evolution, and Function for Narwhal Dentition." in Smithsonian at the Poles: Contributions to International Polar Year Science, edited by Krupnik, Igor, Lang, Michael A., and Miller, Scott E., 223–240. IPY. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.097884601X.16
  • Mead, James G. and Brownell, Robert L., Jr. 2005. "Order Cetacea." in Mammal Species of the World, Third Edition, edited by Wilson, Don E. and Reeder, D. M., 723–743. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Perrin, William F. and Mead, James G. 1994. "Clymene dolphin Stenella clymene (Gray, 1846)." in 1994 Handbook of Marine Mammals. The First Book of Dolphins, edited by Ridgway, S. H. and Harrison, R., 161–171. New York: Academic Press.
  • Mead, James G. and Brownell, Robert L., Jr. 1993. "Order Cetacea." in Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 723–743. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Mead, James G. 1990. "Natural History of Bottlenose Dolphins Along the Central Atlantic Coast of the United States." in The Bottlenose Dolphin, 653. New York: Academic Press.
  • Mead, James G. 1990. "Sections on Mesoplodon hectori, M. mirus, M. europaeus, M. ginkgodens, M. grayi, M. stejnegeri, M. carlhubbsi, M. bowdoini, M. layardii, M. bidens and M. densirostris." in Whales and Dolphins, edited by Martin, A. R., 192. London and New York: Salamander Books ltd.
  • Mead, James G. 1989. "Bottlenose Whales Hyperoodon ampullatus (Forster, 1770) and Hyperoodon planifrons Flower, 1882." in Handbook of Marine Mammals, volume 4, River dolphins and the larger toothed whales, edited by Ridgway, S. H. and Harrison, R., 321–348. London: Academic Press.
  • Mead, James G. 1989. "Beaked whales of the genus Mesoplodon." in Handbook of Marine Mammals, volume 4, River dolphins and the larger toothed whales, edited by Ridgway, S. H. and Harrison, R., 349–430. London: Academic Press.
  • Mead, James G. 1989. "Shepherd's Beaked Whale - Tasmacetus shepherdi Oliver, 1937." in Handbook of Marine Mammals, volume 4. River dolphins and the larger toothed whales, edited by Ridgway, S. H. and Harrison, R., 309–320. London: Academic Press.
  • Mead, James G. and Potter, Charles W. 1988. "Seldom Seen Species." in The World's Whales -- A Closer Look, 103–109. Monterey, California: American Cetacean Society, Third Biennial Conference and Symposium.
  • Hansen, Larry J., Perrin, William F., Sokolov, Anatoli S., and Mead, James G. 1984. "A List of American and Soviet Institutions Possessing Collections of Osteological Specimens from Pinnipeds and Sea Otters." in Soviet-American Cooperative Research on Marine Mammals, edited by Fay, F. H. and Fedoseev, G. A., 101–104.
  • Mead, James G. and Mitchell, Edward D. 1984. "Atlantic Gray Whales." in The Gray Whale, edited by Jones, Meredith L., Swartz, S. L., and Leatherwood, S., 33–53.
  • Mead, James G. 1979. "An Analysis of Cetacean Strandings along the Eastern Coast of the United States." in Biology of Marine Mammals: Insights through Strandings, edited by Geraci, J. B. and St. Aubin, D. J., 54–68.
  • Skinder, C. and Mead, James G. 1979. "Marine Mammal Strandings: On Site Problems and Solutions." in Biology of Marine Mammals: Insights through Strandings, edited by Geraci, J. B. and St. Aubin, D. J., 248–261.
  • Reeves, R. R., Mead, James G., and Katona, S. 1978. "The Right Whale in the Western North Atlantic." in International Whaling Commission Twenty-eighth Report, 303–312.

... more... less