Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Conrad Labandeira

Senior Research Geologist and Curator of Fossil Arthropods
Department / Division
  • B.A., California State University, Fresno
  • M.S., University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
  • Ph.D., University of Chicago
Research Interests
Interactions between plants and insects in the fossil record; terrestrial fossil arthropods, particularly insects; evolution of insect mouthparts; fossil insect diversity.
  • Chazot, Nicolas, Wahlberg, Niklas, Freitas, André Victor Lucci, Mitter, Charles, Labandeira, Conrad C., Sohn, Jae-Cheon, Sahoo, Ranjit Kumar, Seraphim, Noemy, de Jong, Rienk, and Heikkilä, Maria. 2019. "Priors and Posteriors in Bayesian Timing of Divergence Analyses: the Age of Butterflies Revisited." Systematic Biology 1–50.
  • Gao, Taiping, Shih, ChungKun, Labandeira, Conrad C., Liu, Xin, Wang, Zongqing, Che, Yanli, Yin, Xiangchu, and Ren, Dong. 2019. "Maternal care by Early Cretaceous cockroaches." Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 17 (5):379–391.
  • Lin, Xiaodan, Labandeira, Conrad C., Ding, Qiaoling, Meng, Qingmin, and Ren, Dong. 2019. "Exploiting Nondietary Resources in Deep Time: Patterns of Oviposition on Mid-Mesozoic Plants from Northeastern China." International journal of plant sciences 180 (5):411–457.
  • Lin, Xiaodan, Labandeira, Conrad C., Shih, ChungKun, Hotton, Carol L., and Ren, Dong. 2019. "Life habits and evolutionary biology of new two-winged long-proboscid scorpionflies from mid-Cretaceous Myanmar amber." Nature Communications 10:1235–1235.
  • Meng, Qing-Min, Labandeira, Conrad C., Ding, Qiao-Ling, and Ren, Dong. 2019. "The natural history of oviposition on a ginkgophyte fruit from the Middle Jurassic of northeastern China." Insect Science 26 (1):171–179.
  • Donovan, Michael P., Iglesias, Ari, Wilf, Peter, Labandeira, Conrad C., and Ruben Cuneo, N. 2018. "Diverse Plant-Insect Associations from the Latest Cretaceous and Early Paleocene of Patagonia, Argentina." Ameghiniana 55 (3):303–338.
  • Li, Longfeng, Rasnitsyn, Alexandr P., Shih, ChungKun, Labandeira, Conrad C., Buffington, Matthew, Li, Daqing, and Ren, Dong. 2018. "Phylogeny of Evanioidea (Hymenoptera, Apocrita), with descriptions of new Mesozoic species from China and Myanmar." Systematic Entomology 43 (4):810–842.
  • Schachat, Sandra R., Labandeira, Conrad C., and Maccracken, S. Augusta. 2018. "The importance of sampling standardization for comparisons of insect herbivory in deep time: a case study from the late Palaeozoic." Royal Society Open Science 5 (3):
  • Schachat, Sandra R., Labandeira, Conrad C., Saltzman, Matthew R., Cramer, Bradley D., Payne, Jonathan L., and Boyce, C. K. 2018. "Phanerozoic pO2 and the early evolution of terrestrial animals." Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 285 (1871):
  • Xu, Qingqing, Jin, Jianhua, and Labandeira, Conrad C. 2018. "Williamson Drive: Herbivory from a north-central Texas flora of latest Pennsylvanian age shows discrete component community structure, expansion of piercing and sucking, and plant counterdefenses." Review of palaeobotany and palynology (251): 27–72.

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  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 2018. "The global transition from a Mesozoic-aspect to a post-Mesozoic aspect world: Major patterns of ecological and evolutionary change in plant–insect interactions." Terra Nostra 1:63–64.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 2018. "Original compounds in copal and amber from the Cretaceous to the Recent: preliminary data for investigating the preservation of defensive chemicals in fossil plants." Terra Nostra 1:84–85.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 2018. "The deep-time history of insect biodiversity." in Insect biodiversity : science and society. Volume II, edited by Foottit, Robert G. and Adler, Peter H., 723–788. Chichester, UK: Wiley Blackwell.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C., Anderson, John M., and Anderson, Heidi M. 2017. "Expansion of Arthropod Herbivory in Late Triassic South Africa: The Molteno Biota, Aasvoëlberg 411 Site and Developmental Biology of a Gall." in The Late Triassic World: Earth in a Time of Transition, edited by Tanner, Larry H., 623–719. Topics in Geobiology. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, Cham.
  • Buatois, Luìs A., Labandeira, Conrad C., Mángano, M. Gabriela, Cohen, Andrew, and Voigt, Sebastian. 2016. "The Mesozoic Lacustrine Revolution." in The Trace Fossil Record of Major Evolutionary Events. Volume 2: Mesozoic and Cenozoic. (Topics in Geobiology v.40), edited by Mángano, M. G. and Buatois, Luis A., 179–324. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 2016. "How I became a paleobiologist." in We Discover, edited by Guttman, Marc., 312–328. Marc Guttman.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C., Rodríguez-Tovar, Francisco J., and Uchman, Alfred. 2016. "The End-Cretaceous Extinction and Ecosystem Change." in The Trace-Fossil Record of Major Evolutionary Events, edited by Mángano, M. Gabriela and Buatois, Luis A., 265–300. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
  • Minter, Nicholas J., Buatois, Luis A., Mángano, M. Gabriela, Davies, Neil S., Gibling, Martin R., and Labandeira, Conrad C. 2016. "The Establishment of Continental Ecosystems." in The Trace-Fossil Record of Major Evolutionary Events. v.1: Precambrian and Paleozoic, edited by Mángano, M. Gabriela and Buatois, Luis A., 205–324. Topics in Geobiology 39. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
  • Wilf, Peter and Labandeira, Conrad C. 2015. "The Fossil Record of Mutualisms." in Mutualism, edited by Bronstein, Judith L., 39–41. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 2014. "Amber." in Reading and Writing of the Fossil Record: Preservational Pathways to Exceptional Fossilization: Presented as a Paleontological Society Short Course at the Annual Meeting of the Geological Society of America, Vancouver, British Columbia, October 18, 2014, edited by LaFlamme, M., Schiffbauer, J. D., and Darroch, S. A. F., 163–215. Paleontological Society Papers v.20. Ithaca: Paleontological Society.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 2014. "Why Did Terrestrial Insect Diversity Not Increase During the Angiosperm Radiation? Mid-Mesozoic, Plant-Associated Insect Lineages Harbor Clues." in Evolutionary Biology: Genome Evolution, Speciation, Coevolution and Origin of Life, edited by Pontarotti, Pierre., 261–299. Springer International Publishing.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 2012. "Evidence for Outbreaks from the Fossil Record of Insect Herbivory." in Insect Outbreaks Revisited, edited by Barbosa, Pedro, Letourneau, Deborah K., and Agrawal, Anurag A., 267–290. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 2010. "Pollination mutualism in insects before the evolution of flowers." in McGraw Hill encyclopedia of science & technology, 10th ed. 250–252. McGraw Hill.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 2010. "Pollination and "flower" visits." in Silent Stories--Insect Fossil Treasures from the Dinosaura of Northeastern China, edited by Ren, Dong, Shih, ChungKun, Gao, Taiping, Yao, Yunzhi, and Zhao, Yunyun., 296–310. Beijing: Science Press.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 2008. "Neuroptera." in McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of Science for 2008, McGraw-Hill.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 2007. "Assessing the fossil record of plant-insect associations: ichnodata versus body-fossil data.." in Sediment-Organism Interactions: A Multifaceted Ichnology, edited by Bromley, Richard G., Buatois, Luis A., Genise, J. F., Mágano, M. G., and Melchor, R. N., 9–26. Society for Sedimentary Geology Special PublicationSociety of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 2007. "Devonian: Insect and other arthropod associations. Carboniferous: Insect associations. Permian: Insect associations. Triassic: Insect associations. Jurassic: Insect associations. Cretaceous: Insect associations. Tertiary: Insect associations." in Brief History of the Gymnosperms: Classification, Biodiversity, Phytogeography and Ecology, edited by Anderson, John M., Anderson, Heidi M., and Cleal, Chris J., 72–87. Strelitzia (no. 20). Pretoria: South African National Biodiversity Institute.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 2005. "Fossil history of the Diptera and their associations with plants." in The Evolutionary Biology of Flies, edited by Wiegmann, B. and Yeates, D., 217–273. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Kowalewski, M., Kelley, P. H., Bambach, Richard K., Baumiller, T. K., Bengtson, S., Brett, C. E., Chin, K., Culver, Stephen J., Dietl, G. P., Farlow, J. O., Gahn, F. J., Haynes, G., Holtz, Jr, Thomas Richard, Jenkins, I., Labandeira, Conrad C., Lipps, J. H., van Valkenburgh, B., Vermeij, G. J., and Walker, S. E. 2002. "The fossil record of predation: methods, patterns, and processes." in The Fossil Record of Predatio, edited by Kowalewski, M. and Kelley, P. H., 395–398. Paleontological Society Special Papers.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 2002. "Paleobiology of predators, parasitoids, and parasites: accommodation and death in the fossil record of terrestrial invertebrates.." in The Fossil Record of Predation, edited by Kowalewski, M. and Kelley, P. H., 211–250. Paleontological Society Special Papers. Geological Society of America.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 2002. "The history of associations between plants and animals." in Plant-Animal Interactions: An Evolutionary Approach, edited by Herrera, C. and Pellmyr, O., 26–74, 248-61. Oxford, U.K.: Blackwell Science.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C., Johnson, Kirk R., and Lang, P. 2002. "A preliminary assessment of insect herbivory across the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary: extinction and minimal rebound." in The Hell Creek Formation and the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary in the Northern Great Plains-An Integrated Continental Record at the End of the Cretaceous, edited by Hartman, J. H., Johnson, Kirk R., and Nichols, D. J., 297–327. Special Papers / Geological Society of America. Geological Society of America.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 2001. "The rise and diversification of insects." in Palaeobiology II, edited by Briggs, D. E. G. and Crowther, P. R., 82–88. Oxford: Blackwell Science.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 2000. "The paleobiology of pollination and its precursors." in Phanerozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems, edited by Gastaldo, Robert A. and Dimichele, William A., 233–269. Paleontological Society Papers.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 1999. "Insects and other hexapods." in Encyclopedia of Paleontology, edited by Singer, R., 603–624. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 1999. "Myriapods." in Encyclopedia of Paleontology, edited by Singer, R., 767–775. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 1998. "The role of insects in Late Jurassic to Middle Cretaceous ecosystems." in Lower and Middle Cretaceous Terrestrial Ecosystems. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin, edited by Lucas, Spencer G., Kirkland, J. I., and Estep, J. W., 105–124.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 1996. "Insects." in McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology 1996, 155–158. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. 1995. "Fossil insects." in McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology for 1996, edited by Parker, S. P., 255–258. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Beall, B. S. and Labandeira, Conrad C. 1990. "Patterns of evolution of chelicerates and tracheates." in Arthropods: Notes for a Short Course, edited by Mikulic, D., 257–284. Short Courses in Paleontology.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C. and Beall, B. S. 1990. "Arthropod Terrestriality." in "Arthropods: Notes for a Short Course", edited by Mikulic, D., 214–256. Short Courses in Paleontology.

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Web Page
  • Labandeira, Conrad C., Wilf, Peter, Johnson, Kirk R., and Marsh, F. 2007. Guide to Insect (and Other) Damage Types on Compressed Plant Fossils (version 3.0). Smithsonian Institution.
  • Damuth, J., Behrensmeyer, Anna K., Dimichele, William A., Labandeira, Conrad C., Potts, Richard, and Wing, Scott L. 1997. ETE Database Manual. Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems Consortium.