Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Carol Hotton

Resident Research Associate
Department / Division
  • Ph.D. University of California, Davis, 1988
  • M.S. University of California, Davis, 1982
  • B.S. George Washington University
  • Dimichele, William A., Hotton, Carol L., Looy, Cindy V., and Hook, Robert W. 2019. "Paleoecological and paleoenvironmental interpretation of three successive macrofloras and palynofloras from the Kola Switch locality, lower Permian (Archer City Formation, Bowie Group) of Clay County, Texas, USA." Palz 93 (3):423–451.
  • Joeckel, R. M., Ludvigson, G. A., Möller, A., Hotton, Carol L., Suarez, M. B., Suarez, C. A., Sames, B., Kirkland, J. I., and Hendrix, B. 2019. "Chronostratigraphy and Terrestrial Palaeoclimatology of Berriasian–Hauterivian Strata of the Cedar Mountain Formation, Utah, USA." Geological Society, London, Special Publications 498:
  • Lin, Xiaodan, Labandeira, Conrad C., Shih, ChungKun, Hotton, Carol L., and Ren, Dong. 2019. "Life habits and evolutionary biology of new two-winged long-proboscid scorpionflies from mid-Cretaceous Myanmar amber." Nature Communications 10:1235–1235.
  • Labandeira, Conrad C., Yang, Qiang, Santiago-Blay, Jorge A., Hotton, Carol L., Monteiro, Antónia, Wang, Yong-Jie, Goreva, Yulia S., Shih, ChungKun, Siljeström, Sandra, Rose, Tim R., Dilcher, David L., and Ren, Dong. 2016. "The evolutionary convergence of mid-Mesozoic lacewings and Cenozoic butterflies." Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 283 (1824):
  • Looy, Cindy V. and Hotton, Carol L. 2014. "Spatiotemporal relationships among Late Pennsylvanian plant assemblages: Palynological evidence from the Markley Formation, West Texas, U.S.A." Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 211:10–27.
  • Tabor, Neil J., Romanchock, Charles M., Looy, Cynthia V., Hotton, Carol L., Dimichele, William A., and Chaney, Dan S. 2013. "Conservatism of Late Pennsylvanian vegetational patterns during short-term cyclic and long-term directional environmental change, western equatorial Pangea." Geological Society, London, Special Publications 376:201–234.
  • Boyce, C. Kevin and Hotton, Carol L. 2010. "Prototaxites was Not a Taphonomic Artifact." American Journal of Botany 97 (7):1073.
  • Ren, Dong, Labandeira, Conrad C., Santiago-Blay, Jorge A., Rasnitsyn, Alexandr, Shih, ChungKun, Bashkuev, Alexei, Logan, M. Amelia V., Hotton, Carol L., and Dilcher, David. 2009. "A probable pollination mode before angiosperms: Eurasian, long-proboscid scorpionflies." Science 326 (5954):840–847.
  • Boyce, C. K., Hotton, Carol L., Fogel, Marilyn L., Cody, G. D., Hazen, Robert, Knoll, A. H., and Hueber, Francis M. 2007. "Devonian landscape heterogeneity recorded by a giant fungus." Geology 35 (5):399–402.
  • Li, C. S., Hueber, Francis M., and Hotton, Carol L. 2000. "A neotype for Drepanophycus spinaeformis Goeppert 1852." Canadian Journal of Botany 78:889–902.
  • Hotton, Carol L. and Stein, W. E. 1994. "An ontogenetic model of growth for the Mississippian seed plant family Calamopityaceae." International Journal of Plant Sciences 155:114–142.
  • Doyle, James A., Hotton, Carol L., and Ward, Jerome V. 1990. "Early Cretaceous Tetrads, Zonasulculate Pollen, and Winteraceae. I. Taxonomy, Morphology,and Ultrastructure." American Journal of Botany 77 (12):1544–1557.
  • Doyle, James A., Hotton, Carol L., and Ward, Jerome V. 1990. "Early Cretaceous Tetrads, Zonasulculate Pollen, and Winteraceae. II. Cladistic Analysis and Implication." American Journal of Botany 77 (12):1558–1568.

... more... less

  • Dimichele, William A., Hook, Robert W., Kerp, Hans, Hotton, Carol L., Looy, Cindy V., and Chaney, Dan S. 2018. "Lower Permian flora of the Sanzenbacher Ranch, Clay County, Texas.." in Transformative Paleobotany: Papers to Commemorate the Life and Legacy of Thomas N. Taylor, 95–126. Elsevier.
  • Hotton, Carol L. and Baghai-Riding, N. 2010. "Palynological evidence for conifer dominance within a heterogeneous landscape in the Late Jurassic Morrison Formation, U.S.A." in Plants in Mesozoic: Morphological Innovations, Phylogeny, Ecosystems, edited by Gee, C. T., 295–328. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.
  • Hotton, Carol L. 2002. "Palynology of the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in central Montana: Evidence for extraterrestrial impact as a cause of the terminal Cretaceous extinctions." in The Hell Creek Formation and the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in the Northern Great Plains – an Integrated Continental Record of the End of the Cretaceous, edited by Hartman, J. H., Johnson, Kirk R., and Nichols, D. J., 473–501. Boulder, Colorado: The Geological Society of America, Special Paper 361.
  • Hotton, Carol L., Hueber, Francis M., Griffing, D. H., and Bridge, J. S. 2001. "Early terrestrial plant environments: An example from the Lower Devonian of Gaspé, Quebec, Canada." in Plants Invade the Land: Evolutionary and Environmental Perspectives, edited by Gensel, P. G. and Edwards, D., 179–212. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Griffing, D. H., Bridge, J. S., and Hotton, Carol L. 2000. "Coastal-fluvial palaeoenvironments and plant palaeoecology of the Lower Devonian (Emsian), Gaspé Bay, Québec, Canada." in New Perspectives on the Old Red Sandstone, edited by Friend, P. F. and Williams, B. P. J., 61–84. London: The Geological Society Special Publications 180.
  • Stein, W. E. and Hotton, Carol L. 1997. "Fabric analysis and plant anatomy." in Fossil Plants and Spores: Modern Techniques, edited by Jones, T. P. and Rowe, N. P., 97–104. Bath, United Kingdom: Geological Society Publishing House.
  • Hotton, Carol L., Leffingwell, H. A., and Skvarla, John J. 1994. "Pollen ultrastructure of Pandanaceae and the fossil genus Pandaniidites." in Ultrastructure of Fossil Spores and Pollen, edited by Kurmann, M. H. and Doyle, J. A., 173–191. Richmon, United Kingdom: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Doyle, J. A. and Hotton, Carol L. 1991. "Diversification of early angiosperms in a cladistic context." in Pollen and Spores: Patterns of Diversification, edited by Blackmore, Stephen H. and Barnes, S. H., 169–195. Oxford, United Kingdom: Clarendon Press.