Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Bill Billeck

Program Manager (Repatriation Office)
Department / Division
Education
  • B.A., Queens College, City University of New York
  • M.S., University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
  • Ph.D., University of Missouri
Research Interests

Repatriation, North American Archaeology, Historic Archaeology, Glass Trade Bead Studies

Publications
Article
  • Jones, Travis W., Speakman, Robert J., Billeck, William T., and Hoard, Robert J. 2019. "A multi-regional obsidian database for the Eastern Plains." Plains Anthropologist 64 (250):143–162. https://doi.org/10.1080/00320447.2018.1480860
  • Billeck, William T. 2017. "Flying Woman’s Cheyenne Beaded Cradleboard and Associated Bead Card from Fort Keogh, Montana." Beads: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers 29:76–84.
  • Billeck, William T. 2016. "Ethnographic and historical evidence for glass pendant function in the Plains." Plains Anthropologist 61 (240):410–424. https://doi.org/10.1080/00320447.2016.1245963
  • Green, William, Billeck, William T., Swenson, Fern E., and Holley, George R. 2016. "Glass Bead Inlaid Pottery from the Northern Plains." Plains Anthropologist 61 (240):425–448. https://doi.org/10.1080/00320447.2016.1245965
  • Billeck, William T., Swift, Jacquetta, Beaver, John, Hunter, Andrea, and Ferguson, T. J. 2010. "Repatriation at the Smithsonian Institution." Anthropology News 51 (3):25–25. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-3502.2010.51325.x
  • Billeck, William T. 2009. "Istuvan Härän: Letin Ja Säärystimien Kotiuttaminen." Kajó: Lehti Amerikan Alkuperäiskansoista 1:124–127.
  • Billeck, William T. 2008. "Red-on-White Drawn or Cornelian Beads: A 19th-Century Temporal Marker for the Plains." Beads, The Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers 20:49–61.
  • Ousley, Stephen D., Billeck, William T., and Hollinger, R. Eric. 2005. "Federal Repatriation Legislation and the Role of Physical Anthropology in Repatriation." Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 48:2–32.
  • Billeck, William T. 2003. "Repatriation at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History." AnthroNotes 24 (1):15–19.
  • Billeck, William T. 2002. "Cultural Affiliation and Repatriation in the Great Plains of the United States." Journal of American Archaeology 21:89–105.
  • Billeck, William T. 1998. "Fluted point distribution in the Loess Hills of southwestern Iowa." The Plains Anthropologist 43 (166):401–409.

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Chapter
  • Billeck, William T. 2018. "Glass and Shell Beads." in Archeological Investigations at Engineer Cantonment: Winter Quarters of the 1819-1820 Long Expedition, Eastern Nebraska, edited by Bozell, John R., Carlson, Gayle F., and Pepperl, Robert E., 172–181. Publications in Anthropology. Lincoln: Nebraska History.
  • Billeck, William T. 2018. "Fort Atkinson Beads." in Archeological Investigations at Engineer Cantonment: Winter Quarters of the 1819-1820 Long Expedition, Eastern Nebraska, edited by Bozell, John R., Carlson, Gayle F., and Pepperl, Robert E., 339–350. Publications in Anthropology. Lincoln: Nebraska History.
  • Billeck, William T. 2014. "Glass Trade Beads." in Archaeological and Geophysical Investigations During 2012 at Fort Clark State Historic Site, Mercer County, North Dakota, edited by Mitchell, Mark D., 75–83. Broomfield, Colorado: Paleocultural Research Group.
  • Picha, Paul, Billeck, William T., and Mitchell, Mark D. 2014. "Shell Artifacts, Fulgurite, and Other Materials." in Archaeological and Geophysical Investigations During 2012 at Fort Clark State Historic Site, Mercer County, North Dakota, edited by Mitchell, Mark D., 127–136. Broomfield, Colorado: Paleocultural Research Group.
  • Billeck, William T. 2010. "Glass, Shell and Metal Beads at Fort Pierre Chouteau." in The 1997-2001 Excavations at Fort Pierre Chouteau, Volume 2: Material Culture, edited by Fosha, Michael and Haug, James K., 1–100. Rapid City: South Dakota State Historical Society, Archaeological Research Center.
  • Billeck, William T. 2009. "Sitting Bull und die Restitution." in Sitting Bull und seine Welt, edited by Feest, Christian., 174–176. Vienna, Austria: Kunsthistorisches Museum.
  • Billeck, William T. 2009. "Alle Meine Verwandten." in Sitting Bull und seine Welt, edited by Feest, Christian., 32–37. Vienna, Austria: Kunsthistorisches Museum.
  • Billeck, William T. 2007. "William Duncan Strong and the Direct Historical Approach in the Plains: The Leavenworth Site Excavations." in Plains Village Archaeology: Bison-hunting Farmers in the Central and Northern Plains, edited by Ahler, Stanley A. and Kay, M., 225–238. The University of Utah Press.
  • Owsley, Douglas W., Bruwelheide, Karin S., Burgess, Laurie E., and Billeck, William T. 2007. "Human Finger and Hand Bone Necklaces from the Plains and Great Basin." in The Taking and Displaying of Human Body Parts as Trophies by Amerindians, edited by Chacon, Richard J. and Dye, David H., 124–166. New York: Springer.
  • Billeck, William T. 2004. "Museums and Repatriation: One Case Study." in Anthropology Explored, edited by Selig, R. O., London, M. R., and Kaupp, P. Ann., 430–436. Smithsonian Books.
Dataset
Book
  • Billeck, William T. and Dudar, John Christopher. 2016. Inventory and Assessment of Nineteenth Century Human Remains from the Arkansas and Little Arkansas Rivers, Kansas, Potentially Affiliated with the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes, the Caddo Nation, the Osage Nation, and the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe in the Collections of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Washington DC: Repatriation Office, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Billeck, William T. 2015. Addendum: Inventory and Assessment of Human Remains and Associated Funerary Objects from Nunivak Island, Alaska in the National Museum of Natural History; Reassessment of Nunivak Island, Alaska, Funerary Objects in the Collections of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Washington, D.C.: Repatriation Office, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Billeck, William T. and Damm, Stephen. 2015. Addendum: Inventory and Assessment of Human Remains and Associated Funerary Objects from Northeast Norton Sound, Bering Straits Native Corporation, Alaska, in the National Museum of Natural History. Washington, DC: Repatriation Office, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Billeck, William T. 2012. Additional Funerary Objects from the Leavitt Site (39ST215): Addendum to Inventory and Assessment of Human Remains and Funerary Objects Potentially Affiliated with the Arikara in the National Museum o. Washington, DC: Repatriation Office, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Billeck, William T. and High, Jasmine. 2012. Reassessment of Human Remains from the Sand Creek Massacre Site Obtained by Lt. Bonsall and Assistant Surgeon Forwood in the Collections of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Washington, DC: Repatriation Office, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Wolff, Christopher, Billeck, William T., and Dudar, John Christopher. 2012. Inventory and Assessment of Human Remains and Funerary Objects Potentially Affiliated with the Kaigani Haida in the Collections of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Washington, DC: Repatriation Office, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Billeck, William T., Dudar, J. Christopher, and Tallmadge, Kendall. 2009. Inventory and Assessment of Human Remains from near Golden, Colorado, in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Washington, DC: Repatriation Office, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Billeck, William T. and Bruemmer, B. 2007. Assessment of a Lock of Hair and Leggings Attributed to Sitting Bull, a Hunkpapa Sioux, in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Repatriation Office, Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History.
  • Billeck, William T., Eubanks, E., Lockard, A., and Cash, P. Cash. 2005. Inventory and Assessment of Human Remains and Funerary Objects Potentially Affiliated with the Arikara in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Repatriation Office, National Museum of Natural History.
  • Burgess, Laurie E. and Billeck, William T. 2004. Assessment of a Brass Patu Traded by Captain Cook in 1778 and an Anthropomorphic Stone Carving From Northeast Oregon in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Washingoton, DC: Repatriation Office.