Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Bill Billeck

Program Manager (Repatriation Office)
Department / Division
Education
  • B.A., Queens College, City University of New York
  • M.S., University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
  • Ph.D., University of Missouri
Research Interests

Repatriation, North American Archaeology, Historic Archaeology, Glass Trade Bead Studies

Publications
Book Chapter
  • Billeck, William T. 2022. "Ceramic Variability of Households within the Steed-Kisker Phase: Reassessment of the Ceramic Assemblage from the Steed-Kisker Site in Platte County, Missouri." In People in a Sea of Grass: Archaeology's Changing Perspective on Indigenous Plains Communities. Hill, Matthew E.,Jr. and Ritterbush, Lauren W., editors. 53–71. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.
  • Billeck, William T. 2018. "Fort Atkinson Beads." In Archeological Investigations at Engineer Cantonment: Winter Quarters of the 1819-1820 Long Expedition, Eastern Nebraska. Bozell, John R., Carlson, Gayle F., and Pepperl, Robert E., editors. 339–350. Lincoln: Nebraska History. In Publications in Anthropology, 12.
  • Billeck, William T. 2018. "Glass and Shell Beads." In Archeological Investigations at Engineer Cantonment: Winter Quarters of the 1819-1820 Long Expedition, Eastern Nebraska. Bozell, John R., Carlson, Gayle F., and Pepperl, Robert E., editors. 172–181. Lincoln: Nebraska History. In Publications in Anthropology, 12.
  • Billeck, William T. 2014. "Glass Trade Beads." In Archaeological and Geophysical Investigations During 2012 at Fort Clark State Historic Site, Mercer County, North Dakota. Mitchell, Mark D., editor. 75–83. Broomfield, Colorado: Paleocultural Research Group.
  • Picha, Paul, Billeck, William T., and Mitchell, Mark D. 2014. "Shell Artifacts, Fulgurite, and Other Materials." In Archaeological and Geophysical Investigations During 2012 at Fort Clark State Historic Site, Mercer County, North Dakota. Mitchell, Mark D., editor. 127–136. Broomfield, Colorado: Paleocultural Research Group.
  • Billeck, William T. 2010. "Glass, Shell and Metal Beads at Fort Pierre Chouteau." In The 1997-2001 Excavations at Fort Pierre Chouteau, Volume 2: Material Culture. Fosha, Michael and Haug, James K., editors. 1–100. Rapid City: South Dakota State Historical Society, Archaeological Research Center.
  • Billeck, William T. 2009. "Alle Meine Verwandten." In Sitting Bull und seine Welt. Feest, Christian, editor. 32–37. Vienna, Austria: Kunsthistorisches Museum.
  • Billeck, William T. 2009. "Sitting Bull und die Restitution." In Sitting Bull und seine Welt. Feest, Christian, editor. 174–176. Vienna, Austria: Kunsthistorisches Museum.
  • Billeck, William T. 2007. "William Duncan Strong and the Direct Historical Approach in the Plains: The Leavenworth Site Excavations." In Plains Village Archaeology: Bison-hunting Farmers in the Central and Northern Plains. Ahler, Stanley A. and Kay, M., editors. 225–238. The University of Utah Press.
  • Owsley, Douglas W., Bruwelheide, Karin S., Burgess, Laurie E., and Billeck, William T. 2007. "Human Finger and Hand Bone Necklaces from the Plains and Great Basin." In The Taking and Displaying of Human Body Parts as Trophies by Amerindians. Chacon, Richard J. and Dye, David H., editors. 124–166. New York: Springer.
  • Billeck, William T. 2004. "Museums and Repatriation: One Case Study." In Anthropology Explored. Selig, R. O., London, M. R., and Kaupp, P. Ann, editors. 430–436. Smithsonian Books.

... more... less

Journal Article
  • Billeck, William T. 2003. "Repatriation at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History." AnthroNotes, 24, (1) 15–19.
  • Billeck, William T. 2002. "Cultural Affiliation and Repatriation in the Great Plains of the United States." Journal of American Archaeology, 21 89–105.
  • Billeck, William T. 1998. "Fluted point distribution in the Loess Hills of southwestern Iowa." The Plains Anthropologist, 43, (166) 401–409.

... more... less

Dataset
Book
  • Billeck, William T. and Dudar, John Christopher. 2016. Inventory and Assessment of Nineteenth Century Human Remains from the Arkansas and Little Arkansas Rivers, Kansas, Potentially Affiliated with the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes, the Caddo Nation, the Osage Nation, and the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe in the Collections of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Washington DC: Repatriation Office, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Billeck, William T. 2015. Addendum: Inventory and Assessment of Human Remains and Associated Funerary Objects from Nunivak Island, Alaska in the National Museum of Natural History; Reassessment of Nunivak Island, Alaska, Funerary Objects in the Collections of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Washington, D.C.: Repatriation Office, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Billeck, William T. and Damm, Stephen. 2015. Addendum: Inventory and Assessment of Human Remains and Associated Funerary Objects from Northeast Norton Sound, Bering Straits Native Corporation, Alaska, in the National Museum of Natural History. Washington, DC: Repatriation Office, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Billeck, William T. 2012. Additional Funerary Objects from the Leavitt Site (39ST215): Addendum to Inventory and Assessment of Human Remains and Funerary Objects Potentially Affiliated with the Arikara in the National Museum o. Washington, DC: Repatriation Office, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Billeck, William T. and High, Jasmine. 2012. Reassessment of Human Remains from the Sand Creek Massacre Site Obtained by Lt. Bonsall and Assistant Surgeon Forwood in the Collections of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Washington, DC: Repatriation Office, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Wolff, Christopher, Billeck, William T., and Dudar, John Christopher. 2012. Inventory and Assessment of Human Remains and Funerary Objects Potentially Affiliated with the Kaigani Haida in the Collections of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Washington, DC: Repatriation Office, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Billeck, William T., Dudar, J. Christopher, and Tallmadge, Kendall. 2009. Inventory and Assessment of Human Remains from near Golden, Colorado, in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Washington, DC: Repatriation Office, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Billeck, William T. and Bruemmer, B. 2007. Assessment of a Lock of Hair and Leggings Attributed to Sitting Bull, a Hunkpapa Sioux, in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Repatriation Office, Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History.
  • Billeck, William T., Eubanks, E., Lockard, A., and Cash, P. Cash. 2005. Inventory and Assessment of Human Remains and Funerary Objects Potentially Affiliated with the Arikara in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Repatriation Office, National Museum of Natural History.
  • Burgess, Laurie E. and Billeck, William T. 2004. Assessment of a Brass Patu Traded by Captain Cook in 1778 and an Anthropomorphic Stone Carving From Northeast Oregon in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Washingoton, DC: Repatriation Office.