Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Alfred Gardner

Emeritus Curator (USGS)
Department / Division
Education
  • Ph.D. (Vertebrate Zoology): Louisiana State University, 1970
  • M.S. (Zoology): University of Arizona, 1965
  • B.S. (Wildlife Management): University of Arizona, 1962
Research Interests

Research is primarily on the systematics and nomenclature of land mammals of the Western Hemisphere with particular emphasis on the Neotropics.

Publications
Article
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "[Review of] "Mammals of South America"." Journal of Mammalian Evolution 14 (3):208–209. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10914-007-9053-7
  • Albuja, V. L. and Gardner, Alfred L. 2005. "A new species of Lonchophylla Thomas (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) from Ecuador." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 118 (2):442–449.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2005. "The gender of genus-group names ending in either otis or otus." The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 62 (3):183–184.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2005. "Didelphis Linnaeus, 1758 (Mammalia, Didelphidae): proposed correction of gender, and Cryptotis Pomel, 1848 (Mammalia, Soricidae): proposed fixation of gender." The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 62 (3):142–145.
  • Pinto, C. Miguel and Gardner, Alfred L. 2005. "Marsupials from Argentina: comments on Ojeda and Monjeau (1995)." Mastozoologia Neotropical 11 (2):257–260.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Hayssen, V. 2004. "A guide to constructing and understanding synonymies for Mammalian Species." Mammalian Species 739:1–17.
  • Voss, R. S., Gardner, Alfred L., and Jansa, S. A. 2004. "On the relationships of "Marmosa" formosa Shamel, 1930 (Marsupialia: Didelphidae), a phylogenetic puzzle from the Chaco of northern Argentina." American Museum Novitates 3442:1–18.
  • Arroyo-Cabrales, J. and Gardner, Alfred L. 2003. "The type specimen of Anoura geoffroyi lasiopyga (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae)." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 116 (3):737–741.
  • Carleton, Michael D., Fisher, Robert D., and Gardner, Alfred L. 1999. "Identification and distribution of cotton rats, genus Sigmodon (Muridae : Sigmodontinae), of Nayarit, Mexico." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 112 (4):813–856.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Robbins, C. B. 1999. "Case 3058. Artocephalus F. Cuvier, 1826 and Callorhinus Gray, 1859 (Mammalia, Pinnipedia): Proposed Conservation by the Designation of Phoca pusilla Schreber, [1775] as the Type Species of Arctocephalus; and Otaria Péron." The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 56 (2):136–141.
  • Alexander, B. A., Michener, C. D., and Gardner, Alfred L. 1998. "Dasypodidae Borner, 1919 (Insecta, Hymenoptera): Proposed Emendation of Spelling to Dasypodaidae, so Removing the Homonymy with Dasypodidae Gray, 1821 (Mammalia, Xenarthra)." The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 55 (1):24–28.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 1998. "Red wolf specimen identity." Conservation Biology 12 (3):499–499.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Robbins, C. B. 1998. "Generic names of northern and southern fur seals (Mammalia : Otariidae)." Marine Mammal Science 14 (3):544–551.
  • Medellin, R. A., Gardner, Alfred L., and Aranda, J. M. 1998. "The taxonomic status of the Yucatan brown brocket, Mazama pandora (Mammalia : Cervidae)." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 111 (1):1–14.
  • Musser, G. G., Carleton, Michael D., Brothers, E. M., and Gardner, Alfred L. 1998. "Systematic studies of oryzomyine rodents (Muridae, Sigmodontinae): Diagnoses and distributions of species formerly assigned to Oryzomys "capito"." Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (236): 10–+.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 1997. "Comments on the proposed conservation of usage of 15 mammals species names based on wild species which are antedated by or contemporary with those based on domestic animals (Case 3010; see BZN 53:28-37)." The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 54 (2):125–126.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 1995. "National Biological Service." Science 268 (5215):1262–1262.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 1995. "Comments on the Proposed Conservation of Some Mammal Generic names First Published in Brisson's (1762) Regnum Animale." Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 53 (3):191–219.
  • Zunino, G. E., Vaccaro, O. B., Canevari, M., and Gardner, Alfred L. 1995. "Taxonomy of the genus Lycalopex (Carnivora: Canidae) in Argentina." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 108 (4):729–747.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Romo, M. 1993. "A New Thomasomys (Mammalia, Rodentia) from the Peruvian Andes." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 106 (4):762–774.
  • Leo L, Mariella and Gardner, Alfred L. 1993. "A new species of a giant Thomasomys (Mammalia, Muridae, Sigmodontinae) from the Andes of northcentral Perú." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 106 (3):417–428.
  • Gardner, Alfred L., Handley, Charles O., Jr., and Wilson, Don E. 1991. "Survival and relative abundance." Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 511:53–75.
  • Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L. 1991. "Demography and natural history of the common fruit bat, Artibeus jamaicensis, on Barro Colorado Island, Panamá." Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (511): 1–173. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810282.511
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Ferrell, C. S. 1990. "Comments on the Nomenclature of some Neotropical Bats (Mammalia, Chiroptera)." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 103 (3):501–508.
  • Handley, Charles O., Jr. and Gardner, Alfred L. 1990. "The Holotype of Natalus-Stramineus Gray (Mammalia, Chiroptera, Natalidae)." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 103 (4):966–972.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Creighton, G. K. 1989. "A New Generic Name for Tates (1933) Microtarsus Group of South-American Mouse Opossums (Marsupialia, Didelphidae)." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 102 (1):3–7.
  • Wilson, Don E., Gardner, Alfred L., and Verts, B. J. 1989. "Guidelines for Manuscripts for Publications of the American Society of Mammalogists." Journal of mammalogy 70 (4):38.
  • Engstrom, Mark D. and Gardner, Alfred L. 1988. "Karyotype of Marmosa canescens (Marsupialia: Didelphidae): A mouse opossum with 22 chromosomes." The Southwestern Naturalist 33 (2):231–233.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 1988. "[Letters to the Editor] Red Wolf Specimen Identity." Conservation Biology 12 (3):499.
  • Wynn, Addison H., Cole, Charles J., and Gardner, Alfred L. 1987. "Apparent Triploidy in the Unisexual Brahminy Blind Snake, Ramphotyphlops braminus." American Museum Novitates 2868:1–7.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 1986. "The Taxonomic Status of Glossophaga-Morenoi Martinez and Villa, 1938 (Mammalia, Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae)." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 99 (3):489–492.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 1984. "Biological Survey." Science 224 (4656):1384–1384.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Emmons, Louise H. 1984. "Species Groups in Proechimys (Rodentia, Echimyidae) as Indicated by Karyology and Bullar Morphology." Journal of Mammalogy 65 (1):10–25.
  • Mehlhop, P. and Gardner, Alfred L. 1982. "A Rapid Field Technique for Preparing Ant Chromosomes for Karyotypic Analysis." Stain technology 57 (2):99–101.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 1977. "Chromosomal Variation in Vampyressa and a Review of Chromosomal Evolution in Phyllostomidae (Chiroptera)." Systematic zoology 26 (3):300–318.
  • Reig, O. A., Gardner, Alfred L., Bianchi, N. O., and Patton, J. L. 1977. "Chromosomes of Didelphidae (Marsupialia) and their Evolutionary Significance." Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 9 (2):191–216.
  • Oneill, J. P. and Gardner, Alfred L. 1974. "Rediscovery of Aulacorhynchus-Prasinus-Dimidiatus (Ridgway)." The Auk 91 (4):700–704.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 1972. "The Occurrence of Streptoprocne zonaris albicincta and Ara militaris in Chiapas, Mexico." The Condor 74 (4):480–481.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Wilson, Don E. 1971. "A melanized subcutaneous covering of the cranial musculature in the phyllostomid bat, Ectophylla alba." Journal of Mammalogy 52 (4):854–855.

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Book
Chapter
  • Moratelli, Ricardo, Wilson, Don E., Gardner, Alfred L., Fisher, Robert D., and Gutiérrez, Eliécer E. 2016. "A New Species of Myotis (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) from Suriname." in Contributions in Natural History: A Memorial Volume in Honor of Clyde Jones, edited by Manning, R. W., Goetze, J. R., and Yancey, F. D., 49–66. Lubbock, Texas: Texas Tech University.
  • Woodman, Neal and Pefaur, J. E. 2008. "Order Soricomorpha Gregory, 1910." in Mammals of South America. Volume I: Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats., edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 177–187. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Creighton, G. Ken and Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Genus Gracilinanus." in Mammals of South America, vol. 1: Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 43–50. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Creighton, G. Ken and Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Genus Marmosa." in Mammals of South America, vol. 1: Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 51–61. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Creighton, G. Ken and Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Genus Thylamys." in Mammals of South America, vol. 1: Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 107–117. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Creighton, G. Ken and Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Genus Gracilinanus." in Mammals of South America, vol. 1: Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 43–50. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Creighton, G. Ken and Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Genus Marmosa." in Mammals of South America, vol. 1: Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 51–61. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Creighton, G. Ken and Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Genus Thylamys." in Mammals of South America, vol. 1: Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 107–117. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Emmons, Louise H. 2007. "Genus Caluromysiops Sanborn, 1951." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 11–12. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Family Noctilionidae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 384–389. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Family Furipteridae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 389–396. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Family Natalidae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 396–440. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Family Vespertilionidae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 440. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Subfamily Stenodermatinae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 300–321. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Genus Chiroderma." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 321–329. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Genus Platyrrhinus." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 329–342. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Genus Uroderma." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 342–355. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Genus Vampyrodes." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 355–357. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Tribe Stenodermatini." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 357–363. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Tribe Sturnirini." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 363–376. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Magnorder Xenartha." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 127–128. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Order Pilosa." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 157–165. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Suborder Vermilingua." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 168–187. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Order Chiroptera." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 187–188. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Family Phyllostomidae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 207–218. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Genus Hyladelphys." in Mammals of South America, vol. 1: Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats; Mammals of South America, vol. 1: Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats, 50. Chicago; Chicago: University of Chicago Press; University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Cohort Marsupialia; order Didelphimorphia; family Didelphidae; subfamily Caluromyinae; genus Caluromys." in Mammals of South America, volume 1: Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats, 1–11. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Tribe Monodelphini; genus Chacodelphys; genus Cryptonanus." in Mammals of South America, volume 1: Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats, 39–43. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Magnorder Xenartha." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 127–128. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Order Pilosa." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 157–165. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Subfamily Stenodermatinae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 300–321. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Genus Chiroderma." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 321–329. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Genus Platyrrhinus." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 329–342. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Genus Uroderma." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 342–355. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Genus Vampyrodes." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 355–357. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Tribe Stenodermatini." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 357–363. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Tribe Sturnirini." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 363–376. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Suborder Vermilingua." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 168–187. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Order Chiroptera." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 187–188. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Family Phyllostomidae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 207–218. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Family Noctilionidae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 384–389. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Family Furipteridae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 389–396. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Family Natalidae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 396–440. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2007. "Family Vespertilionidae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 440. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Creighton, G. Ken. 2007. "Genus Marmosops." in Mammals of South America, vol. 1: Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 61–74. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Creighton, G. Ken. 2007. "Genus Micoureus." in Mammals of South America, vol. 1: Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 74–82. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Creighton, G. Ken. 2007. "Genus Marmosops." in Mammals of South America, vol. 1: Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 61–74. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Creighton, G. Ken. 2007. "Genus Micoureus." in Mammals of South America, vol. 1: Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 74–82. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Dagosto, Marian. 2007. "Tribe Metachirini; genus Metachirus." in Mammals of South America, volume 1: Marsupials, xenarthrans, shrews, and bats, 35–39. Chicago; Chicago: University of Chicago Press; University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Davis, William B. 2007. "Genus Eptesicus." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 440–450. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Davis, William B. 2007. "Genus Eptesicus." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 440–450. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Griffiths, Thomas A. 2007. "Subfamily Glossophaginae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 224–244. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Griffiths, Thomas A. 2007. "Subfamily Lonchophyllinae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 244–255. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Griffiths, Thomas A. 2007. "Subfamily Glossophaginae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 224–244. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Griffiths, Thomas A. 2007. "Subfamily Lonchophyllinae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 244–255. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Handley, Charles O., Jr. 2007. "Genus Histiotus." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 450–457. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Handley, Charles O., Jr. 2007. "Genus Lasiurus." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 457–468. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Handley, Charles O., Jr. 2007. "Genus Histiotus." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 450–457. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Handley, Charles O., Jr. 2007. "Genus Lasiurus." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 457–468. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Hood, Craig. 2007. "Family Emballonuridae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 188–207. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Hood, Craig. 2007. "Family Emballonuridae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 188–207. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Kwon, Miriam. 2007. "Subfamily Desmodontinae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 218–224. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Kwon, Miriam. 2007. "Subfamily Desmodontinae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 218–224. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Naples, Virginia L. 2007. "Family Megalonychidae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 165–168. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Naples, Virginia L. 2007. "Family Megalonychidae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 165–168. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Patton, James L. 2007. "Family Mormoopidae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 376–384. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Patton, James L. 2007. "Family Mormoopidae." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 376–384. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L., Wetzel, Ralph M., Redford, Kent H., and Eisenberg, John F. 2007. "Order Cingulata." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 128. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L., Wetzel, Ralph M., Redford, Kent H., and Eisenberg, John F. 2007. "Order Cingulata." in Mammals of South America: Volume 1 Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 128. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Wilson, Don E. 2007. "Genus Myotis Kaup 1829." in Mammals of South America, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 468–481. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Wilson, Don E. 2007. "Family Thyropteridae Miller 1907." in Mammals of South America, edited by Gardner, Alfred L., 392–396. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2005. "Been there, done that; after 44 years of preparation, whats next?." in Going afield, edited by Philips, C. J. and Jones, C., 277–284. Museum of Texas Tech University.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2005. "Order Cingulata." in Mammal species of the World, Third Edition, edited by Wilson, Don E. and Reeder, D. M., 94–99. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2005. "Order Pilosa." in Mammal species of the World, Third Edition, edited by Wilson, Don E. and Reeder, D. M., 100–103. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2005. "Order Paucituberculata." in Mammal species of the World, Third Edition, edited by Wilson, Don E. and Reeder, D. M., 19–20. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2005. "Order Didelphimorphia." in Mammal species of the World, Third Edition, edited by Wilson, Don E. and Reeder, D. M., 3–18. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 2005. "Order Microbiotheria." in Mammal species of the World, 3d edition, edited by Wilson, Don E. and Reeder, D. M., 21. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 1999. "Order Didelphimorphia." in The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals, edited by Wilson, Don E. and Ruff, S., 1–5. Vancouver: UBC Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. and Cortés-Calva, P. 1999. "Didelphidae." in Mamiferos del noroeste de México, edited by Alvarez-Castaneda, S. T. and Patton, J. L., 29–38. La Paz, Baja California Sur, México: Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroestes, S.C.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 1993. "Order Xenarthra." in Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, edited by Wilson, Don E. and Reeder, D. M., 63–68. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 1993. "Order Microbiotheria." in Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, edited by Wilson, Don E. and Reeder, D. M., 27. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 1993. "Order Didelphimorphia." in Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, edited by Wilson, Don E. and Reeder, D. M., 15–24. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 1993. "Order Paucituberculata." in Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, edited by Wilson, Don E. and Reeder, D. M., 25–26. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Handley, Charles O., Jr., Gardner, Alfred L., and Wilson, Don E. 1991. "Food habits." in Demography and natural history of the common fruit bat, Artibeus jamaicensis, on Barro Colorado Island, Panamá, edited by Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L., 141–146.
  • Handley, Charles O., Jr., Gardner, Alfred L., and Wilson, Don E. 1991. "Food habits." in Demography and natural history of the common fruit bat, Artibeus jamaicensis, on Barro Colorado Island, Panamá, edited by Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L., 141–146.
  • Handley, Charles O., Jr. and Leigh, Egbert Giles, Jr. 1991. "Diet and Food Supply." in Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, edited by Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L., 147–149. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Handley, Charles O., Jr. and Morrison, Douglas W. 1991. "Foraging Behavior." in Demography and natural history of the common fruit bat, Artibeus jamaicensis, on Barro Colorado Island, Panamá, edited by Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L., 137–140.
  • Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L. 1991. "Movements." in Demography and natural history of the common fruit bat, Artibeus jamaicensis, on Barro Colorado Island, Panamá, edited by Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L., 89–130.
  • Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L. 1991. "Introduction." in Demography and natural history of the common fruit bat, Artibeus jamaicensis, on Barro Colorado Island, Panamá, edited by Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L., 1–7.
  • Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L. 1991. "Movements." in Demography and natural history of the common fruit bat, Artibeus jamaicensis, on Barro Colorado Island, Panamá, edited by Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L., 89–130.
  • Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L. 1991. "Introduction." in Demography and natural history of the common fruit bat, Artibeus jamaicensis, on Barro Colorado Island, Panamá, edited by Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L., 1–7.
  • Leigh, Egbert Giles, Jr. and Handley, Charles O., Jr. 1991. "Population Estimates Demography and Natural History of the Common Fruit Bat, Artibeus jamaicensis, on Barro Colorado Island, Panamá.." in Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, edited by Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L., 77–87. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Morrison, Douglas W. and Handley, Charles O., Jr. 1991. "Roosting Behavior." in Demography and natural history of the common fruit bat, Artibeus jamaicensis, on Barro Colorado Island, Panamá, edited by Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, David T., and Gardner, Alfred L., 131–135.
  • Studier, Eugene H. and Wilson, Don E. 1991. "Physiology." in Demography and Natural History of the Common Fruit Bat, Artibeus jamaicensis on Barro Colorado Island, Panamá, edited by Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L., 9–17.
  • Taft, Lucinda Keast and Handley, Charles O., Jr. 1991. "Reproduction in a Captive Colony." in Demography and natural history of the common fruit bat, Artibeus jamaicensis, on Barro Colorado Island, Panamá, edited by Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L., 19–41.
  • Wilson, Don E., Handley, Charles O., Jr., and Gardner, Alfred L. 1991. "Reproduction on Barro Colorado Island." in Demography and natural history of the common fruit bat, Artibeus jamaicensis, on Barro Colorado Island, Panamá, edited by Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L., 43–52.
  • Wilson, Don E., Handley, Charles O., Jr., and Gardner, Alfred L. 1991. "Reproduction on Barro Colorado Island." in Demography and natural history of the common fruit bat, Artibeus jamaicensis, on Barro Colorado Island, Panamá, edited by Handley, Charles O., Jr., Wilson, Don E., and Gardner, Alfred L., 43–52.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 1989. "Two New Mammals from Southern Venezuela and Comments on the Affinities of the Highland Fauna of Cerro de la Neblina." in Advances in Neotropical Mammalogy, edited by Redford, Kent H. and Eisenberg, John F., 411–424. Gainesville, Florida: Sandhill Crane Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 1988. "The Mammals of Parque Nacional Serrania de la Neblina, Territorio Federal Amazonas, Venezuela." in Cerro de la Neblina, Resultados de la Expedicion 1983–1987, edited by Brewer-Carias, Charles., 922. Caracas: Editorial Sucre.
  • Handley, Charles O., Jr. 1980. "Inconsistencies in Formation of Family-group and Subfamily-group Names in Chiroptera." in Proceedings of the Fifth International Bat Research Conference, edited by Wilson, Don E. and Gardner, Alfred L., 9–13. Lubbock, Tex.: Texas Tech University Press.
  • Gardner, Alfred L. 1973. "The Systematics of the Genus Didelphis (Marsupialia: Didelphidae) in North and Middle America." in Special Publications The Museum Texas Tech University, 81.

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Magazine Article
  • Wemmer, Christen M., Erixon-Stanford, M., and Gardner, Alfred L. 1996. "Natural history museums and cyberspace." Museum International,