Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

World Languages: Diversity, Endangerment, and Revitalization


National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies

Culture, Individual Development and Identity, Global Connections, People + Places + Environments

Key Terms

language, culture, linguistics, linguistic diversity, language endangerment, language revitalization

Key Concepts

  • The science of linguistics
  • The world's linguistic diversity
  • Language as a window into culture and cognition
  • Vulnerable and endangered languages
  • Efforts to revitalize languages

Resource Types

Anthropology Subject Guide Smithsonian Libraries

National Curriculum Standards For Social Studies (NCSS)

The Recovering Languages teaching resources support students in meeting the following National Social Studies Standards:


  • Human beings create, learn, share, and adapt to culture.

Individual Development and Identity

  • Personal identity is shaped by an individual's culture, by groups, by institutional influences, and by lived experiences shared with people inside and outside the individual's own culture throughout her or his development.

Global Connections

  • Global connections have intensified and accelerated the changes faced at the local, national and international levels.

People, Places, and Environments

  • The study of people, places, and environments enables us to understand the relationship between human populations and the physical world.
Resource Type
Subject Guides
Grade Level
Learning Standards
National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
Anthropology and Social Studies