Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Walter Adey

Research Botanist Emeritus
Department / Division
Education
  • B.S., MIT; Geophysics
  • MIT/Harvard University; Graduate Work,Biology/Paleontology
  • PhD, University of Michigan; Botany
Research Interests

Biosystematics of coralline algae; algal biogeography; coral reef metabolism and its relationship to the algal community; benthic ecosystem dynamics in relation to algae; microcosm and mesocosm techniques; solar/algal methods in aquaculture and municipal/industrial water purification.

Publications
Article
  • Kangas, Patrick, Mulbry, Walter, Klavon, Philip, Laughinghouse, H. D., and Adey, Walter H. 2017. "High diversity within the periphyton community of an algal turf scrubber on the Susquehanna River." Ecological Engineering 108 (Pt. B):564–572. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.05.010
  • Moore, G. W. K., Halfar, J., Majeed, H., Adey, Walter H., and Kronz, A. 2017. "Amplification of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation associated with the onset of the industrial-era warming." Scientific Reports 7 (40861):https://doi.org/10.1038/srep40861
  • Nash, Merinda C. and Adey, Walter H. 2017. "Multiple phases of mg-calcite in crustose coralline algae suggest caution for temperature proxy and ocean acidification assessment: lessons from the ultrastructure and biomineralization in Phymatolithon (Rhodophyta, Corallinales)1." Journal of Phycology 53 (5):970–984. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpy.12559
  • Blersch, D. M., Kangas, P. C., and Adey, Walter H. 2016. "Freshwater Marsh Community Structure in a Florida Everglades Mesocosm." Transactions of the ASABE 59 (5):1305–1312. https://doi.org/10.13031/trans.59.11599
  • Hernández-Kantún, Jazmin J., Gabrielson, Paul, Hughey, Jeffery R., Pezzolesi, Laura, Rindi, Fabio, Robinson, Nestor M., Peña, Viviana, Riosmena-Rodriguez, Rafael, Le Gall, Line, and Adey, Walter H. 2016. "Reassessment of branched Lithophyllum spp. (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) in the Caribbean Sea with global implications." Phycologia 55 (6):619–639. https://doi.org/10.2216/16-7.1
  • Jesionek, Michel B., Bahia, Ricardo G., Hernandez-Kanttun, Jazmin J., Adey, Walter H., Yoneshigue-Valentin, Yocie, Longo, Leila L., and Amado-Filho, Gilberto M. 2016. "A taxonomic account of non-geniculate coralline algae (Corallinophycidae, Rhodophyta) from shallow reefs of the Abrolhos Bank, Brazil." Algae 31 (4):317–340. https://doi.org/10.4490/algae.2016.31.11.16
  • Adey, Walter H., Halfar, Jochen, Humphreys, Alexander, Suskiewicz, Thew, Belanger, David, Gagnon, Patrick, and Fox, Michael. 2015. "Subarctic Rhodolith Beds Promote Longevity of Crustose Coralline Algal Buildups and Their Climate Archiving Potential." Palaios 30 (4):281–293. https://doi.org/10.2110/palo.2014.075
  • Adey, Walter H., Hernández-Kantún, Jazmin J., Johnson, Gabriel, and Gabrielson, Paul W. 2015. "DNA sequencing, anatomy, and calcification patterns support a monophyletic, subarctic, carbonate reef-forming Clathromorphum (Hapalidiaceae, Corallinales, Rhodophyta)." Journal of Phycology 51 (1):189–203. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpy.12266
  • Bahia, Ricardo G., Amado-Filho, Gilberto, Maneveldt, Gavin W., Adey, Walter H., Johnson, Gabriel, Jesionek, Michel B., and Longo, Leila L. 2015. "Sporolithon yoneshigueae sp. nov. (Sporolithales, Corallinophycidae, Rhodophyta), a new rhodolith-forming coralline alga from the southwest Atlantic." Phytotaxa 224 (2):140–158. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.224.2.2
  • Bougeois, Laurie, Williams, Branwen, Halfar, Jochen, Konar, Brenda, Adey, Walter H., Kronz, Andreas, and Wortmann, Ulrich G. 2015. "Does the Coralline Alga Leptophytum foecundum (Kjellman) Capture Paleoenvironmental Variability in the Arctic Ocean?." Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 47 (2):375–387. https://doi.org/10.1657/AAAR0014-061
  • Calahan, Dean, Blersch, David, and Adey, Walter H. 2015. "Weeds in the algae garden – A source of biomass for the algae-to-biofuels program." Ecological Engineering 85:275–282. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2015.10.014
  • Hernández-Kantún, Jazmin J., Rindi, Fabio, Adey, Walter H., Heesch, Svenja, Peña, Viviana, Le Gall, Line, and Gabrielson, Paul W. 2015. "Sequencing type material resolves the identity and distribution of the generitype Lithophyllum incrustans, and related European species L. hibernicum and L. bathyporum (Corallinales, Rhodophyta)." Journal of Phycology: An International Journal of Algal Research 51 (4):791–807. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpy.12319
  • Laughinghouse, Haywood Dail, Müller, Kirsten M., Adey, Walter H., Lara, Yannick, Young, Robert, and Johnson, Gabriel P. 2015. "Evolution of the Northern Rockweed, Fucus distichus, in a Regime of Glacial Cycling: Implications for Benthic Algal Phylogenetics." PloS One 10 (12):1–17. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0143795
  • Peña, Viviana, Pardo, Cristina, López, Lúa, Carro, Belén, Hernández-Kantún, Jazmin J., Adey, Walter H., Bárbara, Ignacio, Barreiro, Rodolfo, and Gall, Line Le. 2015. "Phymatolithon lusitanicum sp. nov. (Hapalidiales, Rhodophyta): The Third Most Abundant Maerl-Forming Species in the Atlantic Iberian Peninsula." Cryptogamie, Algologie 36 (4):429–459. https://doi.org/10.7872/crya/v36.iss4.2015.429
  • Bahia, Ricardo G., Amado-Filho, Gilberto, Maneveldt, Gavin W., Adey, Walter H., Johnson, Gabriel, Marins, Bianca V., and Longo, Leila L. 2014. "Sporolithon tenue sp. nov. (Sporolithales, Corallinophycidae, Rhodophyta): A new rhodolith-forming species from the tropical southwestern Atlantic." Phycological Research 62 (1):44–54. https://doi.org/10.1111/pre.12033
  • Hernández-Kantún, Jazmin J., Riosmena-Rodriguez, Rafael, Adey, Walter H., and Rindi, Fabio. 2014. "Analysis of the cox2-3 spacer region for population diversity and taxonomic implications in rhodolith-forming species (Rhodophyta: Corallinales)." Phytotaxa 190 (1):331–354. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.190.1.20
  • Sandefur, Heather N., Johnston, Ryan Z., Matlock, Marty D., Costello, Thomas A., Adey, Walter H., and Laughinghouse IV, Haywood D. 2014. "Hydrodynamic regime considerations for the cultivation of periphytic biofilms in two tertiary wastewater treatment systems." Ecological Engineering 71:527–532. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2014.07.070
  • Sherman, Clark E., Fletcher, Charles H., Rubin, Ken H., Simmons, Kathleen R., and Adey, Walter H. 2014. "Sea-level and reef accretion history of Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage 7 and late Stage 5 based on age and facies of submerged late Pleistocene reefs, Oahu, Hawaii." Quaternary Research 81 (1):138–150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yqres.2013.11.001
  • Adey, Walter H., Halfar, Jochen, and Williams, Branwen. 2013. "The Coralline Genus Clathromorphum Foslie emend. Adey: Biological, Physiological, and Ecological Factors Controlling Carbonate Production in an Arctic-Subarctic Climate Archive." Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences 40:1–41. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.1943667X.40.1
  • Adey, Walter H., Laughinghouse, Haywood Dail, Miller, John B., Hayek, Lee-Ann C., Thompson, Jesse G., Bertman, Steven, Hampel, Kristin, and Puvanendran, Shanmugam. 2013. "Algal turf scrubber (ATS) floways on the Great Wicomico River, Chesapeake Bay: productivity, algal community structure, substrate and chemistry." Journal of Phycology 49 (3):489–501. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpy.12056
  • Halfar, Jochen, Adey, Walter H., Kronz, Andreas, Hetzinger, Steffen, Edinger, Evan, and Fitzhugh, William W. 2013. "Arctic sea-ice decline archived by multicentury annual-resolution record from crustose coralline algal proxy." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110 (49):19737–19741. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1313775110
  • Hetzinger, S., Halfar, J., Zack, T., Mecking, J. V., Kunz, B. E., Jacob, D. E., and Adey, Walter H. 2013. "Coralline algal Barium as indicator for 20th century northwestern North Atlantic surface ocean freshwater variability." Scientific Reports 3 (1761):https://doi.org/10.1038/srep01761
  • Nash, M. C., Opdyke, B. N., Troitzsch, U., Russell, B. D., Adey, Walter H., Kato, A., Diaz-Pulido, G., Brent, C., Gardner, M., Prichard, J., and Kline, D. I. 2013. "Dolomite-rich coralline algae in reefs resist dissolution in acidified conditions." Nature Climate Change (3): 268–272. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1760
  • Johnson, Ladd E., Brawley, Susan H., and Adey, Walter H. 2012. "Secondary spread of invasive species: historic patterns and underlying mechanisms of the continuing invasion of the European rockweed Fucus serratus in eastern North America." Biological Invasions 14 (1):79–97. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-011-9976-z
  • Adey, Walter H. and Hayek, Lee-Ann C. 2011. "Elucidating Marine Biogeography with Macrophytes: Quantitative Analysis of the North Atlantic Supports the Thermogeographic Model and Demonstrates a Distinct Subarctic Region in the Northwestern Atlantic." Northeastern Naturalist 18:1–128. https://doi.org/10.1656/045.018.m801
  • Adey, Walter H., Kangas, Patrick C., and Mulbry, Walter. 2011. "Algal Turf Scrubbing: Cleaning Surface Waters with Solar Energy while Producing a Biofuel." Bioscience 61 (6):434–441. https://doi.org/10.1525/bio.2011.61.6.5
  • Halfar, J., Hetzinger, S., Adey, Walter H., Zack, T., Gamboa, G., Kunz, B., Williams, B., and Jacob, D. E. 2011. "Coralline algal growth-increment widths archive North Atlantic climate variability." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 302 (1-2):71–80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.04.009
  • Hetzinger, S., Halfar, J., Mecking, J. V., Keenlyside, N. S., Kronz, A., Steneck, R. S., Adey, Walter H., and Lebednik, P. A. 2011. "Marine proxy evidence linking decadal North Pacific and Atlantic climate." Climate Dynamics 39 (6):1447–1455. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-011-1229-4
  • Hetzinger, S., Halfar, J., Zack, T., Gamboa, G., Jacob, D. E., Kunz, B. E., Kronz, A., Adey, Walter H., Lebednik, P. A., and Steneck, Robert S. 2011. "High-resolution analysis of trace elements in crustose coralline algae from the North Atlantic and North Pacific by laser ablation ICP-MS." Palaeogeography palaeoclimatology palaeoecology 302 (1-2):81–94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.06.004
  • Peña, Viviana, Adey, Walter H., Riosmena-Rodríguez, Rafael, Jung, Moon-Yung, Afonso-Carrillo, Julio, Choi, Han-Gu, and Bárbara, Ignacio. 2011. "Mesophyllum sphaericum sp. Nov. (Corallinales, rhodophyta): a new maërl-forming species from the northeast Atlantic." Journal of Phycology 47 (4):911–927. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8817.2011.01015.x
  • Williams, B., Halfar, Jochen, Steneck, Robert S., Wortmann, U. G., Hetzinger, S., Adey, Walter H., Lebednik, P., and Joachimski, M. 2011. "Twentieth century delta C-13 variability in surface water dissolved inorganic carbon recorded by coralline algae in the northern North Pacific Ocean and the Bering Sea." Biogeosciences 8 (1):165–174. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-8-165-2011
  • Gamboa, G., Halfar, Jochen, Hetzinger, S., Adey, Walter H., Zack, T., Kunz, B., and Jacob, D. E. 2010. "Mg/Ca ratios in coralline algae record northwest Atlantic temperature variations and North Atlantic Oscillation relationships." Journal of Geophysical Research. C. Oceans 115:C12044–C12044. https://doi.org/10.1029/2010JC006262
  • Hetzinger, Steffen, Halfar, Jochen, Kronz, Andreas, Steneck, Robert S., Adey, Walter H., Lebednik, Phillip A., and Schone, Bernd R. 2009. "High-resolution Mg/Ca ratios in a coralline red alga as a proxy for Bering Sea temperature variations from 1902 to 1967." Palaios 24 (6):406–412. https://doi.org/10.2110/palo.2008.p08-116r
  • Adey, Walter H., Lindstrom, S., Hommersand, M., and Muller, K. 2008. "The biogeographic original of Arctic endemic seaweeds: a Thermogeographic view." Journal of Phycology 44:1384–1394.
  • Athanasiadis, A. and Adey, Walter H. 2006. "The Genus Leptophytum Adey (Melobesioideae, Corallinales) on the northern Pacific Coast of North America." Botanica Marina 49 (1):134.
  • Adey, Walter H., Chamberlain, Y., and Irvine, L. 2005. "An SEM-based analysis of the morphology, anatomy, and reproduction of Lithothamnion tophiforme (Esper) Unger (Corallinales, Rhodophyta), with a comparative study of associated North Atlantic Arctic/Subarctic Melobesiodeae." Journal of Phycology 41:1010–1024.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Hayek, Lee-Ann C. 2005. "The biogeographic structure of the northwestern Atlantic rocky shore intertidal." Crytogamie Algolgie 26 (1):35–66.
  • Sherman, C. E., Fletcher, C. H., Rubin, K. H., Muhs, D. R., Simmons, K. R., and Adey, Walter H. 2005. "Age and facies of submerged late Pleistocene reefs, Oahu, Hawaii: implications for stage 7 and late stage 5 sea levels." Submission to Marine Geology 000.
  • Athanasiadis, A., Adey, Walter H., and Lebednik, P. 2004. "The genus Mesophyllum (Melobesiodeae, Corallines, Rhodophyta) on the northern Pacific Coast of North America." Phycologia 43 (2):1–45.
  • Athanasiadis, A. and Adey, Walter H. 2003. "Proposal to conserve the name Lithophyllum laeve Stromfelt against L. laeve Kutzing (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) with a conserved type." Taxon 52:342–350.
  • Adey, Walter H., Athanasiadis, A., and Lebednik, P. 2001. "Leptophytum laeve: taxonomy and biogeography of the genera Leptophytum and Phymatolithon (Corallinales, Rhodophyta)." European Journal of Phycology 36:191–203.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Steneck, Robert S. 2001. "Thermogeography over time creates biogeographic regions: a temperature/space/time integrated model and an abundance-weighted test for benthic marine algae." Journal of Phycology 37:1–22.
  • Adey, Walter H. 2000. "Coral reef ecosystems and human health, biodiversity counts." Ecosystem Health 6:227–236.
  • McConnaughey, T., Adey, Walter H., and Small, A. 2000. "Community and Environmental Influences on Reef Coral Calcification." Limnology and Oceanography 45 (7):1667–1671.
  • Small, A. and Adey, Walter H. 2000. "Reef corals, zooxanthellae and free-living algae: a microcosm that demonstrates synergy between calcification and primary production." Ecological Engineering 16 (4):443–457.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1999. "Algal-controlled ecosystems in oligotrophic seas: keys to coral reef evolution and degradation." 16th International Botanical Congress 19.10.1:236.
  • Finn, M., Kangas, P., and Adey, Walter H. 1999. "Mangrove Ecosystem Development in Biosphere II." Ecological Engineering 13:173–178.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1998. "Coral Reefs: algal structured and mediated ecosystems in shallow, turbulent alkaline waters." Journal of Phycology 34:393–406.
  • Jameson, Stephen C., Adey, Walter H., and Spoon, Don. 1998. "Rapid ecological assessment of the Cayos Miskitos Marine Reserve with notes on the shallow-water stony corals from Nicaragua." Atoll Research Bulletin 457:1–15. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.457.1
  • Small, A., Adey, Walter H., and Spoon, D. 1998. "Are current estimates of coral reef biodiversity too low? The view through the window of a microcosm." Atoll Research Bulletin 458:1–20. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.458.1
  • Adey, Walter H., Finn, M., Kangas, P., Lange, L., Luckett, C., and Spoon, D. 1996. "A Florida Everglades Mesocosm - model veracity after four years of self organization." Ecological Engineering 6 (1-3):171–224.
  • Adey, Walter H., Luckett, C., and Smith, M. 1996. "Purification of industrially-contaminated ground waters using controlled ecosystems." Ecological Engineering 7:191–212.
  • Craggs, R., Adey, Walter H., Jessup.B., and Oswald, W. 1996. "A controlled stream mesocosm for tertiary and higher treatment of sewage." Ecological Engineering 6 (1-3):149–170.
  • Kangas, P. and Adey, Walter H. 1996. "Mesocosms and ecological engineering. Special Issue of Ecological Engineering." Ecological Engineering 6 (1-3):1–6.
  • Luckett, C., Adey, Walter H., Morrissey, J., and Spoon, D. 1996. "Coral reef mesocosms and microcosms - Successes, problems and the future of laboratory models." Ecological Engineering 6 (1-3):57–73.
  • Small, A., Adey, Walter H., Lutz, Sue M., Roberts, D., and Reese, E. 1996. "A macrophyte-based rapid biosurvey of stream water quality - restoration at the watershed scale." Restoration Ecology 4 (2):124–145.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1995. "Cost effective wastewater remediation for the protection of coral reef environments." Env.Sustainable Dev.Proc.Ser. 9:46–47.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1995. "An algal solution to large scale wastewater amelioration." Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting 76 (2):1.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1994. "Algal turf scrubbers and model ecosystems - a continuing dialog." Aquarium Frontiers Spring:1–7.
  • Adey, Walter H., Luckett, C., and Jensen, K. 1993. "Phosphorous removal from natural waters using controlled algal production." Restoration Ecology 1:1–11.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1992. "Ecosystem Encounters: Lessons in Synthetic Ecology." The Science Teacher 59 (6):22–27.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1992. "Water purification system and apparatus - microcosm system integration with ATS." U.S.patent no.5,097,795 000.
  • Carpenter, R., Hackney, J., and Adey, Walter H. 1991. "Measurements of primary productivity and nitrogenase activity of coral reef algae in a chamber incorporation oscillatory flow." Limnology and Oceanography 36:40–49.
  • Finn, M. and Adey, Walter H. 1991. "Mesocosms: encapsulated ecosystems on display." Sea Technology 32 (4):85–88.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1990. "Water purification system and apparatus." United States Patent 4,966,096:1–14, 3.
  • Macintyre, Ian G. and Adey, Walter H. 1990. "Buck Island Bar, St. Croix, U.S.V.I., A reef that cannot catch up with sea level." Atoll Research Bulletin 336:1–7. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.336.1
  • Townsend, R. and Adey, Walter H. 1990. "Morphology of the Caribbean alga:Goniolithon improcerum Foslie et Howe in Foslie (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyceae)." Botanica Marina 33:99–116.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1989. "On National Parks - conservation, education or restoration? A role for synthetic ecology." Courier 34:8–11.
  • Burke, R., Adey, Walter H., and Macintyre, Ian G. 1989. "Pre-Holocene control on Holocene bank barrier reef development, U.S.V.I." 12th Caribbean Geological Conference 000.
  • Hackney, J., Carpenter, R., and Adey, Walter H. 1989. "Characteristic adaptations to grazing among algal turfs on a Caribbean coral reef." Phycologia 23:224–250.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1987. "Food production in Low nutrient seas - bringing tropical ocean deserts to life." Bioscience 37 (5):340–348.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Goertemiller, T. 1987. "Coral reef algal turfs - master producers in nutrient poor seas." Phycologia 26:374–386.
  • Griffith, Peter C., Cubit, John D., Adey, Walter H., and Norris, James N. 1987. "Computer-automated Flow Respirometry: Metabolism Measurements on a Caribbean Reef Flat and in a Microcosm." Limnology and Oceanography 32 (2):442–451.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Steneck, Robert S. 1985. "Highly productive eastern Caribbean reefs: synergistic effects of biological, chemical, physical and geological factors." NOAA Symp.Ser.for Undersea Research 3 (1):163–187.
  • Shipp, R. C., Staples, S., and Adey, Walter H. 1985. "Geomorphic trends in a glaciated coastal bay - a model for the Maine coast." Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences (25): 1–76. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.01960768.25.1
  • Adey, Walter H. 1983. "The microcosm: a new tool for reef research." Coral Reefs 1:193–201.
  • Williams, S. and Adey, Walter H. 1983. "Thalassia testudinum Banks et Konig. Seedling success in a coral reef microcosm." Aquatic Botany 16:181–188.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1982. "Water Purification System and Apparatus (Algal Turf Scrubber)." United States Patent 000.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1982. "The Microcosm: a New Tool for Reef Research." Coral Reefs 1 (3):193–201.
  • Adey, Walter H., Townsend, R., and Boykins, W. 1982. "The Crustose Coralline Algae Rhodophyta: (Corallinaceae) of the Hawaiian Islands." Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences (15): 1–74. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.01960768.15.1
  • Brawley, Susan H. and Adey, Walter H. 1982. "Coralliophila abbreviata: A significant corallivore!." Bulletin of Marine Science 32:595.
  • Townsend, R., Boykins, W., Borowitzka, M., and Adey, Walter H. 1982. "Non-articulate coralline algae of the Pacific region." Bull Austr.J.Marine Science 75:23.
  • Brawley, Susan H. and Adey, Walter H. 1981. "The effect of micrograzers on algal community structure in a coral reef microcosm." Marine Biology 61:167.
  • Brawley, Susan H. and Adey, Walter H. 1981. "Micrograzers may affect macroalgal density." Nature 292:177.
  • Brawley, Susan H. and Adey, Walter H. 1979. "Nutrient cycling in a coral reef microcosm." 18th Northeast Algal Symposium 000.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1978. "Coral reef morphogenesis: a multidimensional model." Science 202:831–837.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1978. "Algal ridges of the Caribbean Sea and West Indies." Phycologia 17:361–367.
  • Adey, Walter H., Adey, P., Burke, R., and Kaufman, L. 1977. "Holocene reef systems of Eastern Martinique." Atoll Research Bulletin 218:1–40. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.218.1
  • Adey, Walter H. and Burke, R. 1977. "Holocene bioherms of the Lesser Antilles, geological control of development." Mem.Am.Ass.Petr.Geol., Studies in Geol. 4:67–81.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Steneck, Robert S. 1977. "A multidimensional approach to benthic marine phytogeography." 9th International Seaweed Symposium 000.
  • Brawley, Susan H. and Adey, Walter H. 1977. "Territorial behavior of threespot damsel fish (E.planifrons) increasess reef algal biomass and productivity." Environmental Biology of Fishes 2 (1):45–51.
  • Connor, Judith and Adey, Walter H. 1977. "The benthic algal composition, standing crop and productivity of a Caribbean algal ridge." Atoll Research Bulletin 211:1–15. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.211.1
  • Adey, Walter H. and Burke, R. 1976. "Holocene bioherms (algal ridges and bank barrier reefs) of the Eastern Caribbean." Geological Society of America Bulletin 87:95–109.
  • Adey, Walter H., Masaki, T., and Akioka, H. 1976. "The distribution of crustose corallines in Eastern Hokkaido and the biogeographic relationships of the flora." Memoirs Hokkaido University Faculty of Fisheries 26:303–313.
  • Steneck, Robert S. and Adey, Walter H. 1976. "The role of environment in control of morphology in Lithophyllum congestum, a Caribbean algal ridge builder." Botanica Marina 19:197–215.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1975. "The algal ridges and coral reefs of St. Croix: their structure and Holocene development." Atoll Research Bulletin 187:1–67. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.187.1
  • Adey, Walter H. and Vassar, J. M. 1975. "Colonization, succession and growth rates of Caribbean crustose corallines." Phycologia 14:55–69.
  • Adey, Walter H., Masaki, T., and Akioka, H. 1974. "Ezo epiyessoense, a new parasitic genus and species of Corallinaceae." Phycologia 13:329–344.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1973. "Temperature control of reproduction and productivity in a Subarctic coralline alga." Phycologia 12:111–118.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Adey, P. 1973. "Studies on the biosystematics and ecology of the epilithic crustose corallinaceae of the British Isles." British Phycology Journal 8:1–60.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Macintyre, Ian G. 1973. "Crustose coralline algae: a reevaluation in the geological sciences." Geological Society of America Bulletin 84:883–904.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Johansen, H. W. 1972. "Morphology and taxonomy of Corallinaceae with special reference to Clathromorphum, Mesophyllum and Neopolyporolithon gen. nov." Phycologia 11:159–180.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1971. "The sublittoral distribution of crustose corallines on the Norwegian Coast." Sarsia 46:41–58.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Sperapani, C. 1971. "The biology of Kvaleya epilaeve, a new parasitic genus and species of Corallinaceae." Phycologia 10:29–42.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1970. "The crustose corallines of the Northwestern North Atlantic, including Lithothamnium lemoinii n. sp." Journal of Phycology 6:225–229.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1970. "The effects of light and temperature on growth rates in Boreal-Subarctic crustose corallines." Journal of Phycology 6:225–229.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1970. "Some Relationships between Crustose Corallines and their Substrate." Islandica 2:21–25.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1970. "A revision of the Foslie Crustose Coralline Herbarium, including a preliminary world phytogeographic survey." Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs skriftserie 1970 (1):1–46.
  • Adey, Walter H. and McKibbin, D. 1970. "Studies of the maerl species Phymatolithon calcareum (Pallas) nov. comb. and Lithothamnium coralloides Crouan in the Ria de Vigo." Botanica Marina 8:100–106.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Sperapani, C. P. 1970. "The Biology of Kvaleya epilaeve, A New Parasitic Genus and Species of Corallinaceae." Phycologia 10:29–42.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1968. "The distribution of crustose corallines on the Icelandic coast." Scientia Islandica 1:16–25.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Lebednik, P. 1967. "Catolog of the Foslie Herbarium." D.Kgl.Norske.Vid.Selsk.Museet.Trondheim 000.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1966. "The genus Pseudolithophyllum in the Gulf of Maine." Hydrobiologia 27 (304):479–597.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1966. "The genera Lithothamnium, Leptophytum (nov.gen) and Phymatolithon in the gulf of Maine." Hydrobiologia 28 (3-4):321–368.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1966. "The distribution of saxicolous crustose corallines in the Northwestern North Atlantic." Journal of Phycology 2 (2):49–54.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1965. "The genus Clathromorphum in the Gulf of Maine." Hydrobiologia 26 (3-4):539–573.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1964. "The genus Phymatolithon in the Gulf of Maine." Hydrobiologia 24 (1-3):377–420.

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Chapter
  • Hernández-Kantún, Jazmin J., Hall-Spencer, J., Grall, J., Adey, Walter H., Rindi, F., Maggs, I. B., and Pena, V. 2016. "North Atlantic Rhodolith Beds." in Rhodolith/maerl beds: a global perspective, edited by Riosmena-Rodriguez, Rafael, Nelson, W., and Aguirre, J., New York: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Kangas, P. 2008. "Greenhouses, Microcosms and Mesocosms." in Encyclopedia of Ecology, edited by Jorgensen, Sven Erik and Fath, Brian., 1782–1796. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Kangas, P. and Adey, Walter H. 2008. "Mesocosm Management." in Encyclopedia of Ecology, edited by Jorgensen, Sven Erik and Fath, Brian., 2308–2313. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Adey, Walter H. 2006. "Lessons Learned from the Construction and Operation of Microcosms and Mesocosms." in Restoration of Coral Reef Ecosystems, edited by Precht, W., 30.
  • Adey, Walter H. 2005. "Marine Plant Diversity." in Plant Conservation, a natural history approach, edited by Krupnick, Gary A. and Kress, W. John., 25–42.
  • Adey, Walter H. 2005. "Degradation of algae in coral reefs." in Plant Conservation, a natural history approach, edited by Krupnick, Gary A. and Kress, W. John., 155–160.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Norris, James N. 2005. "Alteration of kelp communities in the northwestern North Atlantic." in Plant Conservation, a natural history approach, edited by Krupnick, Gary A. and Kress, W. John., 161–175.
  • Streb, C., Biermann, E., Lutz, Sue M., Kangas, P., and Adey, Walter H. 2003. "The energy basis of a subtropical wetland mesocosm." in Emergy Synthesis 2: theory and applications of energy methodology, edited by Brown, M., 339–347.
  • Adey, Walter H., McConnaughey, T., Small, A., and Spoon, D. 2000. "Coral Reefs: Endangered, Biodiverse, Genetic Resources." in Seas at the Millenium: An Environmental Evaluation, edited by Charles, R. C. S., 33–42.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1998. "Coral Reefs, conservation by valuation and the utilization of pharmaceutical potential." in Coral Reefs: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Development, 72–75.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1995. "Controlled Ecologies." in Encyclopedia of Environmental Biology, edited by Nierenburg, W. A., 6.
  • Adey, Walter H., Craggs, R., Jensen, K., St. John, M., Green, F. B., and Oswald, W. 1995. "Phosphorus removal from wastewater using an algal turf scrubber." in Proceedings of the International Association on Water Quality, March 26, 1–11.
  • Burke, R., Macintyre, Ian G., and Adey, Walter H. 1995. "Overview of the Holocene history, architecture and structural components of Tague Bay reef and lagoon." in Terrestrial and Marine Geology of St. Croix, US Virgin Islands, edited by Hubbard, Dennis K., Special Publication (West Indies Laboratory); no. 8.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Hackney, J. 1989. "Harvest production of coral reef algal turfs." in The biology, ecology and mariculture of Mithrax spinosissimus based on cultured algal turfs, Los Angeles: Mariculture Institute.
  • Porter, K., Iglehart, J., Craig, M., and Adey, Walter H. 1989. "Mariculture Techniques for Mithrax spinosissimus including broodstock, larval and post larval rearing and growout.." in The biology, ecology and mariculture of Mithrax spinosissimus based on cultured algal turfs, 75. Los Angeles: Mariculture Institute.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1987. "Marine Microcosms." in Restoration ecology: a synthetic approach to ecological research, edited by Jordan, W., Aber, J., and Gilpin, M., 342.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1986. "Coralline algae as indicators of sea levels. Chapter 11." in Manual for the collection and evaluation of sea level data, edited by de Plassche, Van., 229–280.
  • Norris, James N., Griffith, Peter C., and Adey, Walter H. 1982. "Computer assisted measurement of coral reef community metabolism: watching a rapidly changing biological environment." in Computers in Research at the Smithsonian, 22.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1979. "Crustose coralline algae as microenvironmental indicators for the Tertiary." in Historical Biogeography, Plate Tectonics and the Changing Environment, edited by Boucot, A. and Gray, J., 500.
  • Adey, Walter H., Rogers, C. S., and Steneck, Robert S. 1979. "[Integrated progess report]." in The South St. Croix Reef: A Study of Reef Metabolism as Related to Environmental Factors and an Assessment of Environmental Management, 95. Charlotte Amalie, Virgin Islands: Marine Systems Laboratory.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1977. "Shallow water Holocene bioherms of the Caribbean Sea and West Indies." in Plenary paper for: 3rd Int.Coral Reef Sym., Miami, FL, 2.
  • Adey, Walter H., Gladfelter, W., Ogden, J., and Dill, R. 1977. "Field guidebok to the reefs and reef communities of St. Croix, Virgin Islands." in In: 3rd Int.Sym of Coral Reefs, Miami Beach, 1–52.
  • Adey, Walter H., Macintyre, Ian G., and Stuckenrath, Robert, Jr. 1977. "Relict barrier reef systems off St. Croix: its implications with respect to late Cenozoic reef development in the Western Atlantic." in In: 3rd Int.Sym. on Coral Reefs Vol. 2, Miami Beach, 15–20.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1971. "Investigations on the crustose corallines of the Northeastern North Atlantic." in National Geographic Society Research Report 1965, 1–9.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1966. "The Lithophylleae." in Studies of Lithophyllum and related algal genera., edited by Johnson, J. H. and Adey, Walter H., 71–102. Quart.Colo.School of Mines.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1966. "The Lithophylleae." in Studies of Lithophyllum and related algal genera., edited by Johnson, J. H. and Adey, Walter H., 71–102. Quart.Colo.School of Mines.

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Book
  • Adey, Walter H. and Loveland, Karen. 2007. Dynamic Aquaria, Building and Restoring Living Ecosystems. 3rd ed. New York: Elsevier/Academic Press.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Loveland, K. 1998. Dynamic Aquaria. Academic Press.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Loveland, K. 1991. Dynamic Aquaria: Building Living Ecosystems. Academic Press.
  • Loveland, K., Marcus, P., Prentiss, P., and Adey, Walter H. 1991. The earth in our hands. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1989. The biology, ecology amd mariculture of Mithrax spinosissimus based on cultured algal turfs. Mariculture Institute.
  • Loveland, K., Pierce, R., and Adey, Walter H. 1985. "Blue Planet".
  • Loveland, K., Pierce, R., and Adey, Walter H. 1984. "The Sea, a Quest for our Future".
  • Loveland, K., Pierce, R., and Adey, Walter H. 1980. Coral Reefs: their passage through space and time. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1971. Investigations on the crustose corallines of the Northeastern North Atlantic. National Geographic Society.
  • Adey, Walter H. 1964. Investigations on the crustose corallines of the North Atlantic Ocean. National Geographic Society.
Patent
  • Adey, Walter H. 1998. Algal Turf Water Purification Method. (Phosphorous precipitation in algal cell Walls). Patent number 5,851,398.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Purgason, R. 1998. Animal Feedstocks Comprising Harvested Algae Turf and Method for Preparing and Using the Same. Patent number 5,715,774.