Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Scott Miller

Curator of Lepidoptera
Department / Division
Education
  • BS California at Santa Barbara 
  • PhD Harvard
Research Interests

Systematics of Lepidoptera (moths); biogeography of Pacific Basin, New Guinea, and Africa; plant-insect community ecology.

Scott Miller has managed research and collections programs in major institutions for over 20 years. At the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History, he has served as Chairman of the Department of Entomology and Chairman of the Department of Systematic Biology, with oversight of a combined staff over 300 federal employees with an annual budget of over $20 million.

His previous experience includes 12 years at the Bishop Museum (Hawaii) managing its programs in biology and geology, with heavy involvement in public programs and development. He spent two years in Kenya initiating a biodiversity and conservation program at an international agriculture research institute (the International Centre of Insect Ecology and Physiology).

In addition to managing and fundraising for research, collections, and public outreach, all these positions have included significant infrastructure renovation, management of field stations, and implementation of information management systems.

He also serves on the Committee on Research and Exploration of the National Geographic Society, as well as the boards of several scientific societies.

He is committed to applying biodiversity information from museums and similar research institutions to sustainable development, has participated in major reviews of biodiversity related to conservation planning, and catalyzed an Integrated Conservation Development Project in Kenya.

Miller is very interested in the "big picture" of tropical biology, and the role of biodiversity information in understanding and managing the related issues of tropical deforestation, climate change, invasive species, loss of biological diversity, and the resultant biological, economic, and political consequences. He has also been heavily involved in education, including initiating an NSF-funded minority high school intern program at Bishop Museum, training programs for international professionals, parataxonomist programs in developing countries, and mentoring graduate students.

Miller has had continuous NSF funding since 1986, and maintains an active and personal research program. He has published over 145 research publications in systematics, biogeography, and ecology, and co-edited the books Papua New Guinea Biological Diversity Country Study;The origin and evolution of Pacific island biotas, New Guinea to Eastern Polynesia: Patterns and processes; and Arthropods of tropical forests: Spatio-temporal dynamics and resource use in the canopy.

Scott Miller is also Senior Program Officer in the Office of the Under Secretary for Science at the Smithsonian Institution.

Publications
Journal Article

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Book Chapter
  • Miller, Scott E. and Holloway, Jeremy D. 2022. "A New Species of Asota from New Guinea." In Aganainae of the World (Lepidoptera, Erebidae). Zwier, H. H., editor. 295–296. Munich, Germany: Museum Witt.
  • Onyia, Christie O., Ilo, Obianuju P., and Miller, Scott E. 2022. "Legal Standards Setting in the Use of Forensics/DNA Barcode: Evidence for Wildlife Crime Detection and Prosecution in Nigeria." In Medical Biotechnology, Biopharmaceutics, Forensic Science and Bioinformatics. Ubi, Benjamin Ewa, editor. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. In Multidisciplinary Applications and Advances in Biotechnology: Contributions from the Biotechnology Society of Nigeria Working Groups, 3.
  • Bechtol, Nancy and Miller, Scott E. 2015. "Foreword." In Proceedings of the Smithsonian Institution Summit on the Museum Preservation Environment. Stauderman, Sarah and Tompkins, William G., editors. vii–ix. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press. In A Smithsonian Contribution to Knowledge.
  • Miller, Scott E. 2014. "DNA barcoding in floral and faunal research." In Descriptive taxonomy: The foundation of biodiversity research. Watson, M. F.;Lyal, C.; Pendry, C. ed. 296–311. Cambridge University Press. 84 in Systematics Association Special Volume.
  • Novotny, Vojtech, Weiblen, George D., Miller, Scott E., and Basset, Yves. 2012. "The role of paraecologists in Twenty-first-century tropical forest research." In Methods in forest canopy research. Lowman, Margaret D., Schowalter, Timothy D., and Franklin, Jerry F., editors. 154–157. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Schindel, David E. and Miller, Scott E. 2010. "Provisional nomenclature: the on-ramp to taxonomic names." In Systema Naturae 250: the Linnaean ark. Polaszek, Andrew, editor. 109–115. Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, London & New York: CRC Press.
  • Miller, Scott E. 2007. "Insects of Papua." In The ecology of Papua. Marshall, Andrew J. and Beehler, Bruce McP, editors. 515–531. Singapore: Periplus.
  • Becker, Vitor O. and Miller, Scott E. 2005. "Moths: Lepidoptera." In Island: Fact and theory in nature.. Lazell, J. D., editor. 303–309. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
  • Schindel, David E. and Miller, Scott E. 2005. "DNA barcoding and the Consortium for the Barcode of Life." In Success Stories in Implementation of the Programmes of Work on Dry and Sub-Humid Lands and the Global Taxonomy Initiative.. 144–146. Montreal: Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
  • Lwande, Wilber, Miller, Scott E., Rogo, Lucie M., Bagine, Richard K. N., and Mukonyi, K. W. 2004. "An integrated package for the conservation of the Kakamega Forest." In ICIPE Annual Scientific Report 2002-2003. Ng'eny-Mengech, Annalee, editor. 145–151. Nairobi: ICIPE.
  • Basset, Yves, Hammond, Peter M., Barrios, Hector, Holloway, Jeremy D., and Miller, Scott E. 2003. "Vertical Stratification of Arthropod Assemblages." In Arthropods of Tropical Forests: Spatio-Temporal Dynamics and Resource Use in the Canopy. Basset, Yves, Novotny, Vojtech, Miller, Scott E., and Kitching, Roger L., editors. 17. Cambridge University Press.
  • Basset, Yves, Novotny, Vojtech, Miller, Scott E., and Kitching, Roger L. 2003. "Canopy entomology, an expanding field of natural science." In Arthropods of tropical forests: Spatio-temporal dynamics and resource use in the canopy. Basset, Yves, Novotny, Vojtech, Miller, Scott E., and Kitching, Roger L., editors. 4–6. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Basset, Yves, Novotny, Vojtech, Miller, Scott E., and Kitching, Roger L. 2003. "Methodological Advances and Limitations in Canopy Entomology." In Arthropods of Tropical Forests: Spatio-Temporal Dynamics and Resource Use in the Canopy. Basset, Yves, Novotny, Vojtech, Miller, Scott E., and Kitching, Roger L., editors. 7. Cambridge University Press.
  • Basset, Yves, Novotny, Vojtech, Miller, Scott E., and Kitching, Roger L. 2003. "Preface." In Arthropods of Tropical Forests: Spatio-Temporal Dynamics and Resource Use in the Canopy. Basset, Yves, Novotny, Vojtech, Miller, Scott E., and Kitching, Roger L., editors. xv–xvi. Cambridge University Press.
  • Basset, Yves, Novotny, Vojtech, Miller, Scott E., and Kitching, Roger L. 2003. "Conclusion: Arthropods, canopies and interpretable patterns." In Arthropods of tropical forests: Spatio-temporal dynamics and resource use in the canopy. Basset, Yves, Novotny, Vojtech, Miller, Scott E., and Kitching, Roger L., editors. 394–405. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Miller, Scott E. 2002. "Statement of Scott Miller, Chairman, Department of Systematic Biology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC." In Invasive species: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Department Operations, Oversight, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Committee on Agriculture, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, second session, October 2, 2002. United States.Congress.House.Committee on Agriculture.Subcommittee on Department Operations,Oversight,Nutrition,and Forestry, editor. 12–22. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.
  • Miller, Scott E., Novotny, Vojtech, and Basset, Yves. 2002. "Case studies of arthropod diversity and distribution." In Foundations of tropical forest biology: Classic papers with commentaries. Chazdon, Robin L. and Whitmore, T. C., editors. 407–413. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Rogo, Lucie M., Lwande, Wilber, Chapya, Andrew, Herren, Hans R., and Miller, Scott E. 2001. "An integrated conservation initiative to conserve Kakamega forest and its biodiversity." In Tropical Ecosystems: Structure, Diversity and Human Welfare (Supplement). Proceedings of the International Conference of Tropical Ecosystems. Ganeshaiah, K. N., Shaanker, R. Uma, and Bawa, K. S., editors. 56–60. Bangalore: ATREE.
  • Allison, Allen and Miller, Scott E. 2000. "Hawaii Biological Survey: Museum resources in support of conservation." In Nature and human society: The quest for a sustainable world. Proceedings of the 1997 forum on biodiversity. Raven, Peter H. and Williams, Tania, editors. 281–290. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
  • Basset, Yves, Novotny, Vojtech, and Miller, Scott E. 2000. "Studying host and microhabitat use by arthropods in tropical rain forest canopies: issues & perspectives [abstract]." In XXI International Congress of Entomology Abstracts. Gazzoni, Decio Luiz, editor. 902. Londrina, Brasil: Embrapa Soja.
  • Miller, Scott E. 2000. "Biodiversity studies at Mpala Research Centre: Inventory of moths (Lepidoptera)." In 1998-1999 ICIPE Annual Scientific Report. Ng'eny-Mengech, A., editor. 166–167. Nairobi: International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology.
  • Miller, Scott E. 2000. "African Arthropod Biodiversity: Gaining Knowledge for Utilisation and Conservation." In 1998-1999 ICIPE Annual Scientific Report. Ng'eny-Mengech, A., editor. 160–180. Nairobi: International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology.
  • Miller, Scott E. 2000. "Keynote address: Taxonomy for understanding biodiversity - the strengths of the BioNet International model." In Proceedings of the Second BioNet-International Global Workshop (BIGW2). Jones, Tecwyn and Gallagher, Simon, editors. 13–18. Egham, Surrey, England: BioNet International.
  • Miller, Scott E., Gemmell, Barbara, Herren, Hans R., Rogo, Lucie, and Allen, Melody. 2000. "Biodiversity of terrestrial invertebrates in tropical Africa: assessing the needs and plan of action." In Nature and human society: the quest for a sustainable world. Raven, Peter H. and Williams, Tania, editors. 204–212. National Academy Press.
  • Weiblen, George D., Novotny, Vojtech, Basset, Yves, and Miller, Scott E. 2000. "Insect herbivores as predictors of plant phylogeny: examples from New Guinea Ficus [abstract]." In XXI International Congress of Entomology Abstracts. Gazzoni, Decio Luiz, editor. 144. Londrina, Brasil: Embrapa Soja.
  • Novotny, Vojtech, Basset, Yves, Samuelson, G. A., and Miller, Scott E. 1999. "Host use by chrysomelid beetles feeding on Moraceae and Euphorbiaceae in New Guinea." In Advances in Chrysomelidae Biology 1. Cox, M. L., editor. 343–360. Leiden: Backhuys Publishers b.v.
  • Miller, Scott E. 1998. "Taxa group summary: Insects/terrestrial invertebrates." In The Irian Jaya Biodiversity Conservation Priority-Setting Workshop: Final Report. Burnett, John Burke, editor. 46–47. Washington, D.C.: Conservation International.
  • Novotny, Vojtech, Basset, Yves, Miller, Scott E., Allison, Allen, Samuelson, G. Allan, and Orsak, Larry. 1998. "The diversity of tropical insect herbivores: An approach to collaborative international research in Papua New Guinea." In Taxonomy and Biodiversity in East Asia: Proceedings of International Conference on Taxonomy and Biodiversity Conservation in East Asia. Lee, B. H., Choe, Jae Chun, and Han, H. Y., editors. 112–125. Chonju, Korea: Korean Biodiversity Council and Korean Institute for Biodiversity Research. In KIBIO Series 2.
  • Allison, Allen, Samuelson, G. A., and Miller, Scott E. 1997. "Patterns of beetle species diversity in Castanopsis acuminatissima (Fagaceae) trees studied with canopy fogging in mid-montane New Guinea rainforest." In Canopy arthropods. Stork, Nigel E., Adis, Joachim A., and Didham, R. K., editors. 224–236. London: Chapman & Hall.
  • Miller, Scott E., Nishida, Gordon M., and Evenhuis, Neal L. 1997. "Preface." In Insular evolution, speciation, and revision of the Hawaiian genus Nesiomiris (Hemiptera: Miridae). Gagne, Wayne C., editor. v–vi. In Bishop Museum Bulletins in Entomology 7: x + 226.
  • Miller, Scott E. 1996. "Biogeography of Pacific insects and other terrestrial invertebrates: a status report." In The origin and evolution of Pacific Island biotas, New Guinea to eastern Polynesia: Patterns and processes. Keast, Allen and Miller, Scott E., editors. 463–475. Amsterdam: SPB Academic Publishing bv.
  • Miller, Scott E. 1996. "A history of entomological exploration on Santa Rosa Island." In Island of the cowboys: Santa Rosa Island. Allen, Kerry Blankenship, editor. 193–200. Santa Barbara, California: Santa Cruz Island Foundation.
  • Allison, Allen, Miller, Scott E., and Nishida, Gordon M. 1995. "Hawaii Biological Survey." In Our living resources: a report to the nation on the distribution, abundance and health of U. S. plants, animals, and ecosystems. LaRoe, E. T. et al, editor. 362. Washington, D. C.: National Biological Survey.
  • Gielis, Cees and Miller, Scott E. 1995. "Family Pterophoridae." In Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 2. Heppner, John B., editor. 106–109. Gainesville: Association for Tropical Lepidoptera.
  • Miller, Scott E. 1995. "Family Dalceridae." In Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 2. Heppner, John B., editor. 127–128. Gainesville: Association for Tropical Lepidoptera.
  • Allison, Allen, Miller, Scott E., and Nishida, Gordon M. 1994. "Hawaii Biological Survey: a model for the Pacific region." In Marine and Coastal Biodiversity in the Tropical Island Pacific Region. Volume 1. Species Systematics and Information Management Priorities. Maragos, James E., editor. 349–355. Honolulu: East-West Center.
  • Miller, Scott E. 1994. "Biosystematic centres statements: Bishop Museum." In Proceedings of the First BioNET-INTERNATIONAL Consultation, London, June 1993. Jones, T. and Cook, M. A., editors. 31–32. Wallingford: CAB International.
  • Miller, Scott E. 1994. "Insects of the California Channel Islands: Status of systematic and biogeographic knowledge." In The Fourth California Islands Symposium: Update on the status of resources. Abstracts. Halvorson, W. L. and Maender, G. J., editors. 24. Santa Barbara, California: Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History.
  • Miller, Scott E. 1994. "Development of World Identification Services: Networking." In Identification and characterization of pest organisms. Hawksworth, D. L., editor. 69–80. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.
  • Miller, Scott E. 1991. "Introduction to the symposium: Evolution in island archipelagos: The emerging picture." In The unity of evolutionary biology: Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology. Dudley, E. C., editor. 265–266. Portland, Oregon: Dioscorides Press.
  • Miller, Scott E. and Holloway, Jeremy D. 1991. "Priorities for conservation research in Papua New Guinea: Non-marine invertebrates." In Conservation and environment in Papua New Guinea: Establishing research priorities. Pearl, Mary, Beehler, Bruce McP, Allison, Allen, and Taylor, Meg, editors. 44–58. Washington, D.C. and New York: Embassy of Papua New Guinea and Wildlife Conservation International.
  • Miller, Scott E. 1989. "Foreword." In Catalog of Diptera of the Australian and Oceanic Region. Evenhuis, Neal L., editor. 9. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press.
  • Miller, Scott E. 1989. "Foreword." In Catalog of the Diptera of the Australasian and Oceanian Regions. Evenhuis, N. L., editor. 9. Honolulu;Leiden: Bishop Museum Press;E.J. Brill. In Bishop Museum Special Publication (86).
  • Miller, Scott E. 1986. "Systematic paleontology: Class Insecta." In Holocene vertebrate fossils from Isla Floreana, Galápagos. Steadman, David W., editor. 37–38. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. In Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 413.
  • Miller, Scott E. 1985. "The California Channel Islands--Past, present, and future: an entomological perspective." In Entomology of the California Channel Islands: Proceedings of the First Symposium. Menke, Arnold S. and Miller, Douglass R., editors. 3–27. Santa Barbara: Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History.
  • Miller, Scott E. and Miller, Pamela Mercer. 1985. "Beetles of Santa Barbara Island, California (Coleoptera)." In Entomology of the California Channel Islands: Proceedings of the First Symposium. Menke, Arnold S. and Miller, Douglass R., editors. 121–136. Santa Barbara: Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History.
  • Davis, Donald R. and Miller, Scott E. 1984. "Gracillariidae." In Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 1. Heppner, John B., editor. 25–27. The Hague: Dr. W. Junk Publishers.
  • Davis, Donald R. and Miller, Scott E. 1984. "Lyonetiidae." In Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 1. Heppner, John B., editor. 25. The Hague: Dr. W. Junk Publishers.
  • Miller, Scott E. 1984. "Alucitidae." In Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 1. Heppner, John B., editor. 54. The Hague: Dr. W. Junk Publishers.
  • Miller, Scott E. and Reynolds, Richard L. 1978. "Pleistocene dermestid beetle damage in Equus conversidens bones from caves in California and Mexico." In Southern California Academy of Sciences, Annual Meeting, May 5-6, 1978, Occidental College, Abstracts. 12. Los Angeles, California: Southern California Academy of Sciences.

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Dataset
Book
  • Adamski, David, Copeland, Robert S., Miller, Scott E., Hebert, Paul D. N., Darrow, Karolyn, and Luke, Quentin. 2010. A review of African Blastobasinae (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea: Coleophoridae), with new taxa reared from native fruits in Kenya. In Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 630. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810282.630.
  • Krupnik, Igor, Lang, Michael A., and Miller, Scott E., editors. 2009. Smithsonian at the poles: contributions to International Polar Year science. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.097884601X.0.
  • Chitwood, D. J., Diaz-Soltero, H., Hoberg, E. P., Miller, Scott E., Millsop, S., Reynolds, R., Rosenthal, B. M., Rossman, A. Y., Sitnik, M., and Solis, M. Alma. 2008. Protecting America's economy, environment, health, and security against invasive species requires a strong Federal program in Systematic Biology. Beltsville, Maryland: Systematic Subcommittee, Federal Interagency Committee on Invasive Terrestrial Animals and Pathogens (ITAP).
  • Basset, Yves, Kitching, Roger L., Miller, Scott E., and Novotny, Vojtech, editors. 2003. Arthropods of Tropical Forests: Spatio-Temporal Dynamics and Resource Use in the Canopy. Cambridge University Press.
  • Kushlan, J. A., Steinkamp, M. J., Parsons, K. C., Capp, J., Cruz, M. A., Coulter, M., Davidson, Ian C., Dickson, L., Edelson, N., Elliot, R., Erwin, R. M., Hatch, S., Kress, S., Mildko, R., Miller, Scott E., Mills, K., Paul, R., Phillips, R., Siliva, J. E., Sydeman, B., Trapp, J., Wheeler, J., and Wohl, K. 2002. Waterbird conservation for the Americas: the North American waterbird conservation plan, Version 1. Washington, D.C.: Waterbird Conservation for the Americas.
  • Holloway, Jeremy D., Kibby, Geoffrey, Peggie, Djunijanti, Carter, David, and Miller, Scott E. 2001. The Families of Malesian Moths and Butterflies. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers. In Fauna Malesia Handbooks.
  • Lyons, Elizabeth E. and Miller, Scott E. 2000. Invasive Species in Eastern Africa: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at ICIPE, July 5-6, 1999.
  • Evenhuis, Neal L. and Miller, Scott E., editors. 1998. Records of the Hawaii Biological Survey for 1997. Honolulu.
  • Miller, Scott E., Ubaidillah, Rosichon, Peggie, Djunijanti, Yaku, Alexander, Polhemus, Dan A., and Polhemus, John T. 1998. Insects of the PT Freeport Indonesia contract of work mining and project area, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Jakarta: P.T. Freeport Indonesia.
  • Evenhuis, Neal L. and Miller, Scott E., editors. 1997. Records of the Hawaii Biological Survey for 1996.
  • Sekhran, Nikhil and Miller, Scott E., editors. 1996. Papua New Guinea Country Study on Biological Diversity. Waigani, Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea Department of Environment and Conservation.
  • Evenhuis, Neal L. and Miller, Scott E., editors. 1996. Records of the Hawaii Biological Survey for 1995. Part 1: Articles.
  • Keast, Allen and Miller, Scott E., editors. 1996. The origin and evolution of Pacific Island biotas, New Guinea to eastern Polynesia: Patterns and processes. Amsterdam: SPB Academic Publishing bv.
  • Evenhuis, Neal L. and Miller, Scott E., editors. 1996. Records of the Hawaii Biological Survey for 1995. Part 2: Notes.

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Report
Abstract
  • Miller, Scott E. 2000. "Challenges and opportunities in understanding and utilizing African insect diversity." .
  • Miller, Scott E. 1996. "Advances in the phylogenetic study of the Zygaenoidea." .
  • Miller, Scott E. 1980. "Fossil Coleoptera from Late Pleistocene asphalt deposits of Southern California." .
  • Miller, Scott E. 1979. "Butterflies of the California Islands: A progress report." , 40.
  • Miller, Scott E. 1979. "Pleistocene insects of the Rancho La Brea and other California asphalt deposits." .