Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Nancy Knowlton

Sant Chair in Marine Sciences
Department / Division
  • A.B., Harvard University
  • Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley
Research Interests
Marine Biodiversity; ecology, behavior, evolution and systematics of coral reef organisms.

Systematics, evolution, ecology and behavior of marine invertebrates, particularly shrimps and corals, marine biodiversity, systematics, evolution, conservation.
Journal Article

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Book Chapter
  • Knowlton, Nancy and Leray, Matthieu. 2015. "Exploring Coral Reefs Using the Tools of Molecular Genetics." In Coral Reefs in the Anthropocene. Birkeland, Charles, editor. 117–132. Springer Netherlands.
  • Howard, Jennifer, Babij, Eleanora, Griffis, Roger, Helmuth, Brian, Himes-Cornell, Amber, Niemier, Paul, Orbach, Michael, Petes, Laura, Allen, Stewart, Auad, Guillermo, Auer, Carol, Beard, Russell, Boatman, Mary, Bond, Nicholas, Boyer, Timothy, Brown, David, Clay, Patricia, Crane, Katherine, Cross, Scott, Dalton, Michael, Diamond, Jordan, Diaz, Robert, Dortch, Quay, Duffy, J. Emmett, Fauquier, Deborah et al. 2013. "Oceans and Marine Resources in a Changing Climate." In Oceanography and Marine Biology. 1st ed. Scourse, James, editor. 71–192. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press-Taylor & Francis Group. In Oceanography and Marine Biology Annual Review, 51.
  • Knowlton, Nancy. 2012. "Coral reefs." In Oxford Bibliographies in Ecology. Gibson, David, editor. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Machida, Ryuji J. and Knowlton, Nancy. 2012. "Ways to mix multiple PCR amplicons into single 454 run for DNA barcoding." In DNA Barcodes: Methods and Protocols. 355–361. Humana Press. In Methods in molecular biology, 858.
  • Knowlton, Nancy. 2011. "First steps as a scientist – preface." In In Pursuit of Natural History: Selected Readings and Commentaries. Graham, M. K., Parker, J., and Dayton, P. K., editors. Chicago: Univ. Chicago.
  • Knowlton, Nancy, Brainard, Russell E., Fisher, Rebecca, Moews, Megan, Plaisance, Laetitia, and Caley, M. Julian. 2010. "Coral reef biodiversity." In Life in the World's Oceans: Diversity, Distribution, and Abundance. McIntyre, Alasdair D., editor. 65–77. Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Knowlton, Nancy, Weight, Lee A., Solorzano, Luis Anibal, Mill, DeEtta K., and Bermingham, Eldredge. 2007. "Diferenciación de proteínas, ADN mitocondrial y compatibilidad reproductora a través del istmo de Panamá." In Ecología y evolución en los trópicos. Leigh, Egbert Giles, Jr., Herre, Edward Allen, Jackson, Jeremy B. C., and Santos-Granero, Fernando, editors. 402–406. Panama: Editora Nova Art.
  • Rowan, Robert, Knowlton, Nancy, Baker, Andrew C., and Jara, Javier A. 2007. "Mutualismos entre especies de esponjas de los arrecifes de coral del Caribe." In Ecología y evolución en los trópicos. Leigh, Egbert Giles, Jr., Herre, Edward Allen, Jackson, Jeremy B. C., and Santos-Granero, Fernando, editors. 231–253. Panama: Editora Nova Art.
  • Knowlton, Nancy. 2006. "Coral reef coda: what can we hope for?" In Coral Reef Conservation. Cote, I. and Reynolds, J., editors. 538–549. Cambridge University Press.
  • Knowlton, Nancy and Budd, Ann F. 2001. "Recognizing coral species past and present." In Evolutionary Patterns: Growth, Form and Tempo in the Fossil Record. Jackson, Jeremy B. C., Lidgard, S., and McKinney, F. K., editors. 97–119. University of Chicago Press.
  • Knowlton, Nancy and Jackson, Jeremy B. C. 2001. "The ecology of coral reefs." In Marine Community Ecology. Bertness, Mark D., Gaines, S., and Hay, M. E., editors. 395–422. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer.
  • Williams, S. T., Knowlton, Nancy, and Weigt, Lee A. 1999. "Indo-Pacific molecular biogeography of the coral-dwelling snapping shrimp Alpheus lottini (Decapoda: Caridea: Alpheidae)." In Ecology of the Chagos Archipelago, Occassional Publications of the Linnean Society. Sheppard, C. R. C. and Seaward, M. R. D., editors. 195–206. London: Linnean Society.
  • Knowlton, Nancy. 1998. "Hard Decisions and Hard Science: Research Needs for Coral Reef Management." In Coral Reefs: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Management. Hatziolas, M., Hooten, A. J., and Fodor, M., editors. 183. World Bank.
  • Knowlton, Nancy and Weigt, Lee A. 1997. "Species of marine invertebrates: a comparison of the biological and phylogenetic species concepts." In Species: the Units of Biodiversity, Systematics Association (UK) Special Volume Series 54. Claridge, M. F., Dawah, H. A., and Wilson, M. R., editors. 199–219. Chapman and Hall.
  • Knowlton, Nancy and Jackson, Jeremy B. C. 1993. "Inbreeding and outbreeding in marine invertebrates." In The Natural History of Inbreeding and Outbreeding. Thornhill, N. W., editor. 200–249. University of Chicago Press.
  • Knowlton, Nancy. 1988. "Coral bleaching in Panamá and considerations for the future." In Mass Bleaching of Coral Reefs in the Caribbean: A Research Strategy. Ogden, John C. and Wicklund, Robert A., editors. 35–37. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Oceanic and Atmospheric Research, Office of Undersea Research.
  • Knowlton, Nancy. 1986. "Field studies of life cycles: focusing on individuals." In Indian Ocean: Biology of Benthic Marine Organisms. Thompson, M. -F, Sarojini, R., and Nagabhushanam, R., editors. 209–215. Oxford and IBH Publications.
  • Knowlton, Nancy and Greenwell, Simon R. 1984. "Male sperm competition avoidance mechanisms: the influence of female interests." In Sperm Competition and the Evolution of Animal Mating Systems. Smith, R. L., editor. 61–84.. New York: Academic Press.

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Web Page / Electronic Publication
Book Review
  • Knowlton, Nancy. 1984. [Book review] "The explanation of organic diversity by Mark Ridley." Science, 225, 160–161.