Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Nancy Knowlton

Sant Chair in Marine Sciences
Department / Division
  • A.B., Harvard University
  • Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley
Research Interests
Marine Biodiversity; ecology, behavior, evolution and systematics of coral reef organisms.

Systematics, evolution, ecology and behavior of marine invertebrates, particularly shrimps and corals, marine biodiversity, systematics, evolution, conservation.

... more... less

  • Knowlton, Nancy and Leray, Matthieu. 2015. "Exploring Coral Reefs Using the Tools of Molecular Genetics." in Coral Reefs in the Anthropocene, edited by Birkeland, Charles., 117–132. Springer Netherlands.
  • Knowlton, Nancy. 2012. "Coral reefs." in Oxford Bibliographies in Ecology, edited by Gibson, David., New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Machida, Ryuji J. and Knowlton, Nancy. 2012. "Ways to mix multiple PCR amplicons into single 454 run for DNA barcoding." in DNA Barcodes: Methods and Protocols, 355–361. Methods in molecular biology. Humana Press.
  • Knowlton, Nancy. 2011. "First steps as a scientist – preface." in In Pursuit of Natural History: Selected Readings and Commentaries, edited by Graham, M. K., Parker, J., and Dayton, P. K., Chicago: Univ. Chicago.
  • Knowlton, Nancy, Brainard, Russell E., Fisher, Rebecca, Moews, Megan, Plaisance, Laetitia, and Caley, M. Julian. 2010. "Coral reef biodiversity." in Life in the World's Oceans: Diversity, Distribution, and Abundance, edited by McIntyre, Alasdair D., 65–77. Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Knowlton, Nancy, Weight, Lee A., Solorzano, Luis Anibal, Mill, DeEtta K., and Bermingham, Eldredge. 2007. "Diferenciación de proteínas, ADN mitocondrial y compatibilidad reproductora a través del istmo de Panamá." in Ecología y evolución en los trópicos, edited by Leigh, Egbert Giles, Jr., Herre, Edward Allen, Jackson, Jeremy B. C., and Santos-Granero, Fernando., 402–406. Panama: Editora Nova Art.
  • Rowan, Robert, Knowlton, Nancy, Baker, Andrew C., and Jara, Javier A. 2007. "Mutualismos entre especies de esponjas de los arrecifes de coral del Caribe." in Ecología y evolución en los trópicos, edited by Leigh, Egbert Giles, Jr., Herre, Edward Allen, Jackson, Jeremy B. C., and Santos-Granero, Fernando., 231–253. Panama: Editora Nova Art.
  • Knowlton, Nancy. 2006. "Coral reef coda: what can we hope for?." in Coral Reef Conservation, edited by Cote, I. and Reynolds, J., 538–549. Cambridge University Press.
  • Knowlton, Nancy and Budd, Ann F. 2001. "Recognizing coral species past and present." in Evolutionary Patterns: Growth, Form and Tempo in the Fossil Record, edited by Jackson, Jeremy B. C., Lidgard, S., and McKinney, F. K., 97–119. University of Chicago Press.
  • Knowlton, Nancy and Jackson, Jeremy B. C. 2001. "The ecology of coral reefs." in Marine Community Ecology, edited by Bertness, Mark D., Gaines, S., and Hay, M. E., 395–422. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer.
  • Williams, S. T., Knowlton, Nancy, and Weigt, Lee A. 1999. "Indo-Pacific molecular biogeography of the coral-dwelling snapping shrimp Alpheus lottini (Decapoda: Caridea: Alpheidae)." in Ecology of the Chagos Archipelago, Occassional Publications of the Linnean Society, edited by Sheppard, C. R. C. and Seaward, M. R. D., 195–206. London: Linnean Society.
  • Knowlton, Nancy. 1998. "Hard Decisions and Hard Science: Research Needs for Coral Reef Management." in Coral Reefs: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Management, edited by Hatziolas, M., Hooten, A. J., and Fodor, M., 183. World Bank.
  • Knowlton, Nancy and Weigt, Lee A. 1997. "Species of marine invertebrates: a comparison of the biological and phylogenetic species concepts." in Species: the Units of Biodiversity, Systematics Association (UK) Special Volume Series 54, edited by Claridge, M. F., Dawah, H. A., and Wilson, M. R., 199–219. Chapman and Hall.
  • Knowlton, Nancy and Jackson, Jeremy B. C. 1993. "Inbreeding and outbreeding in marine invertebrates." in The Natural History of Inbreeding and Outbreeding, edited by Thornhill, N. W., 200–249. University of Chicago Press.
  • Knowlton, Nancy. 1988. "Coral bleaching in Panamá and considerations for the future." in Mass Bleaching of Coral Reefs in the Caribbean: A Research Strategy, edited by Ogden, John C. and Wicklund, Robert A., 35–37. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Oceanic and Atmospheric Research, Office of Undersea Research.
  • Knowlton, Nancy. 1986. "Field studies of life cycles: focusing on individuals." in Indian Ocean: Biology of Benthic Marine Organisms, edited by Thompson, M. -F, Sarojini, R., and Nagabhushanam, R., 209–215. Oxford and IBH Publications.
  • Knowlton, Nancy and Greenwell, Simon R. 1984. "Male sperm competition avoidance mechanisms: the influence of female interests." in Sperm Competition and the Evolution of Animal Mating Systems, edited by Smith, R. L., 61–84.. New York: Academic Press.

... more... less

  • Knowlton, Nancy. 2010. Citizens of the sea : wonderous creatures from the census of marine life. Washington D.C.: National Geographic Society.
Web Page
  • Knowlton, Nancy. 2004. "Ocean health and human health."