Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Klaus Ruetzler

Research Zoologist, Emeritus, Curator of Porifera
Department / Division
Publications
Journal Article
Book Chapter
  • Maldonado, Manuel, Aguilar, Ricardo, Bannister, Raymond, Bell, James, Conway, Jim, Dayton, Paul, Diaz, Cristina, Gutt, Julian, Kelly, Michelle, Kenchington, Ellen, Leys, Sally, Pomponi, Shirley, Tore Rapp, Hans, Rützler, Klaus, Tendal, Ole, Vacelet, Jean, and Young, Craig. 2017. "Sponge Grounds as Key Marine Habitats: A Synthetic Review of Types, Structure, Functional Roles, and Conservation Concerns." In Marine Animal Forests: The Ecology of Benthic Biodiversity Hotspots. Rossi, Sergio, Bramanti, Lorenzo, Gori, Andrea, and Saco del Valle, Covadonga Orejas, editors. 145–183. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-21012-4_24.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2012. "The Role of Sponges in the Mesoamerican Barrier-Reef Ecosystem, Belize." In Advances in Sponge Science: Phylogeny, Systematics, Ecology. Becerro, Mikel A. and Uriz, Maria J., editors. 211–271. Elsevier. 61 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-387787-1.00002-7.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2010. "Demospongiae." In McGraw Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology. 11th ed. Knowlton, Robert, editor. 1–9. New York: McGraw Hill.
  • Diaz, Maria Cristina and Rützler, Klaus. 2009. "Biodiversity and Abundance of Sponges in Caribbean Mangrove: Indicators of Environmental Quality." In Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium. 151–172. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press. In Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.01960768.38.151.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2009. "Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems: Thirty-Five Years of Smithsonian Marine Science in Belize." In Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium. Washington D.C. ed. Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G., and Rützler, Klaus, editors. 43–71. Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press. In Smithsonian contributions to the marine sciences (no. 38).
  • Rützler, Klaus, Van Soest, Rob W. M., and Piantoni Dietrich, Carla. 2009. "Sponges (Porifera) of the Gulf of Mexico." In Gulf of Mexico Origin, Waters, and Biota. Vol. 1, Biodiversity. Felder, Darryl L. and Camp, David K., editors. 285–313. College Station: Texas A&M University Press.
  • Diaz, Maria Cristina, Thacker, Robert W., Rützler, Klaus, and Piantoni Dietrich, Carla. 2007. "Two new haplosclerid sponges from Caribbean Panamá with symbiotic filamentous cyanobacteria, and an overview of sponge-cyanobacteria associations." In Porifera research: Biodiversity, innovation and sustainability. Custódio, M. R., Lôbo-Hajdu, G., Hajdu, E., and Muricy, G., editors. 31–39. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional. In Serie Livros 28.
  • Thacker, Robert W., Diaz, Maria Cristina, Rützler, Klaus, Erwin, Patrick M., Kimble, Steven J. A., Pierce, Melissa J., and Dillard, Sandra L. 2007. "Phylogenetic relationships among the filamentous cyanobacterial symbionts of Caribbean sponges and a comparison of photosynthetic production between sponges hosting filamentous and unicellular cyanobacteria." In Porifera research: Biodiversity, innovation and sustainability. Custódio, M. R., Lôbo-Hajdu, G., Hajdu, E., and Muricy, G., editors. 621–626. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional. In Série Livros; 28.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2005. "Tortugas Marine Laboratory: Threshold to modern sponge biology." In Field Guide to the Major Organisms and Processes Building Reefs and Islands of the Dry Tortugas: The Carnegie Dry Tortugas Laboratory Centennial Celebration (1905-2005). 34–35.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2004. "Sponges on coral reefs: A community shaped by competitive cooperation." In Sponge Science in the New Millennium. Pansini, M., Pronzato, R., Bavestrello, G., and Manconi, R., editors. 85–148. Rapallo, Genova: Officine Grafiche Canessa. 68 in Bolletino dei Musei e degli Instituti Biologici dell' Universitá di Genova.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2002. "Family Aleconidae Rosell, 1996." In Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges. Hooper, J. N. A. and Van Soest, Rob W. M., editors. 281–290. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. 1
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2002. "Family Timeiidae Topsent, 1928." In Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges. Hooper, J. N. A. and Van Soest, Rob W. M., editors. 266–267. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. 1
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2002. "Family Placospongiidae Gray, 1867." In Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges. Hooper, J. N. A. and Van Soest, Rob W. M., editors. 196–200. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. 1
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2002. "Family Spirastrellidae Ridley & Dendy, 1886." In Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges. Hooper, J. N. A. and Van Soest, Rob W. M., editors. 220–223. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. 1
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2002. "Family Clionaidae D'Orbigny, 1851." In Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges. Hooper, J. N. A. and Van Soest, Rob W. M., editors. 173–185. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. 1
  • Rützler, Klaus and Vacelet, Jean. 2002. "Family Acanthochaetetidae Fisher, 1970." In Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges. Hooper, John and Van Soest, Rob W. M., editors. 275–278. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
  • von Soest, R. W. M. and Rützler, Klaus. 2002. "Family Tetillidae Sollas, 1886." In Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges. Hooper, J. N. A. and Van Soest, Rob W. M., editors. 85–98. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. 1
  • Rützler, Klaus and Feller, Ilka C. 1999. "Mangrove swamp communities: An approach in Belize." In Mangrove Ecosystems in Tropical America: Structure, Function and Management. Yañéz-Arancibia, A. and Lara-Dominguez, L., editors. 39–49. Silver Spring, MD: Universidad Autonoma de Campeche. In EPOMEX Serie Científica.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1996. "Sponge diving—Professional but not for profit." In Methods and techniques of underwater research. Proceedings of the American Academy of Underwater Sciences Scientific Diving Symposium. Lang, Michael A. and Baldwin, Carole C., editors. 183–204.
  • Van Soest, Rob W. M., Schalk, P. H., Smith, K., Picton, B. E., Brugman, M., Diaz, M. C., Sanders, M. L., De Weerdt, W. H., and Rützler, Klaus. 1996. "Por-Linnaeus: the application of interactive multimedia software for species data storage and computer assisted identification of porifera." In Recent advances in sponge biodiversity inventory and documentations. Willenz, Philippe, editor. 63–72. Brussels. 66
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1990. "Association between Caribbean sponges and photosynthetic organisms." In New Perspective in Sponge Biology: 3d International Sponge Conference, 1985. Rützler, Klaus, editor. 455–466. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Cairns, Stephen D., den Hartog, J. C., Arenson, C., and Rützler, Klaus. 1986. "Scleractinia." In Marine Fauna and Flora of Bermuda. Sterrer, W., editor. 159. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1986. "Phylum Porifera (Sponges)." In Marine Fauna and Flora of Bermuda: A Systematic Guide to the Identification of Organisms. Sterrer, Wolfgang, editor. 111–127. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1985. "Porifera." In Marine Fauna and Flora of Bermuda. Sterrer, W., editor. 111–128. NY: John Wiley and Sons.
  • Kjerfve, Björn, Rützler, Klaus, and Kierspe, George H. 1982. "Tides at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize." In The Atlantic Barrier Reef Ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, 1: Structure and Communities. 47–51. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. In Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences.
  • Macintyre, Ian G., Rützler, Klaus, Norris, James N., and Fauchald, Kristian. 1982. "A submarine cave near Columbus Cay, Belize: a bizarre cryptic habitat." In The Atlantic Barrier Reef Ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize 1: Structure and Communities. 127–141. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. In Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 12. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.01960768.12.539.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1982. "Porifera." In The Encyclopedia of Beaches and Coastal Environments. Schwartz, Maurice L., editor. 650–654. Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania: Hutchinson Ross Publishing Company.
  • Rützler, Klaus and Macintyre, Ian G. 1982. "The Habitat Distribution and Community Structure of the Barrier Reef Complex at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize." In The Atlantic Barrier Reef Ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, 1: Structure and Communities. Rützler, Klaus and Macintyre, Ian G., editors. 9–45. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press. In Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 12. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.01960768.12.539.
  • Rützler, Klaus and Macintyre, Ian G. 1982. "Introduction." In The Atlantic Barrier Reef Ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, 1. Structure and Communities. 1–7. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press. In Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 12.
  • Rützler, Klaus and Ferraris, Joan D. 1982. "Terrestrial environment and climate, Carrie Bow Cay, Belize." In The Atlantic Barrier Reef Ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize 1: Structure and Communities. 77–91. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. In Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 12. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.01960768.12.539.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1978. "Sponges in coral reefs." In Coral Reefs: Research Methods: Monographs on oceanographic methodology. Stoddart, David R. and Johannes, R. E., editors. 299–313. UNESCO. 5 in UNESCO Monographs on Oceanographic Methodology.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1978. "Photogrammetry of reef environments by helium balloon." In Coral Reefs: Research Methods: Monographs on oceanographic methodology. Stoddart, David R. and Johannes, R. E., editors. 45–52. UNESCO. 5 in UNESCO Monographs on Oceanographic Methodology.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1978. "Sponges in Coral Reef." In Coral Reefs: Research Methods. Stoddart, David R. and Johannes, R. E., editors. 299–313. Paris: United Nations, Economic and Social Council.
  • Ruetzler, K. 1972. "Principles of sponge distribution in Indo-Pacific Coral Reefs. Results of the Australian Indo-West Pacific expedition 1959/60." In Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Corals and Coral Reefs. 315–332. Mandapam Camp, India: Marine Biological Association of India.
Conference Proceedings
Book
Web Page / Electronic Publication
Abstract
  • Díaz, M. C., Hajdu, E., Rützler, Klaus, and Piantoni Dietrich, Carla. 2006. "Mycale (Paresperella) spp. (Mycalidae, Poecilosclerida, Demospongiae) in the tropical western Atlantic: elusive ghost or unknown chimera?" 7th International Sponge Symposium : biodiversity, innovation, sustainability, 279.
  • Díaz, M. C., Thacker, Robert W., and Rützler, Klaus. 2006. "Haliclona sp. nov. and Xestospongia sp. nov. (Haplosclerida): Two new sponge species from Bocas del Toro (Panam ) with a unique cyanobacterial association." 7th International Sponge Symposium : biodiversity, innovation, sustainability, 280.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2006. "Porifera collections in North America. In, E. Hajdu, A. Ereskovsky, J.N.A. Hooper, H.M. Reiswig, K. Ratzler, T. Samaai, R.W.M. van Soest, C..Volkmer-Ribeiro & W. Zhang: Porifera collections around the world, a status report for the year 2005." 7th International Sponge Symposium : biodiversity, innovation, sustainability, 12.
  • Thacker, Robert W., Díaz, M. C., Rützler, Klaus, Erwin, P., Kimble, J. A., and Pierce, M. J. 2006. "Filamentous cyanobacterial symbionts of Caribbean Sponges." 7th International Sponge Symposium : biodiversity, innovation, sustainability, 261.
Book Review