Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Klaus Ruetzler

Research Zoologist, Emeritus, Curator of Porifera
Department / Division
Publications
Chapter
  • Maldonado, Manuel, Aguilar, Ricardo, Bannister, Raymond, Bell, James, Conway, Jim, Dayton, Paul, Diaz, Cristina, Gutt, Julian, Kelly, Michelle, Kenchington, Ellen, Leys, Sally, Pomponi, Shirley, Tore Rapp, Hans, Rützler, Klaus, Tendal, Ole, Vacelet, Jean, and Young, Craig. 2017. "Sponge Grounds as Key Marine Habitats: A Synthetic Review of Types, Structure, Functional Roles, and Conservation Concerns." in Marine Animal Forests: The Ecology of Benthic Biodiversity Hotspots, edited by Rossi, Sergio, Bramanti, Lorenzo, Gori, Andrea, and Saco del Valle, Covadonga Orejas., 145–183. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2012. "The Role of Sponges in the Mesoamerican Barrier-Reef Ecosystem, Belize." in Advances in Sponge Science: Phylogeny, Systematics, Ecology, edited by Becerro, Mikel A. and Uriz, Maria J., 211–271. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-387787-1.00002-7
  • Frazier, John G. 2010. "The Turtles' Tale: Flagships and Instruments for Marine Research, Education, and Conservation." in Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Rützler, Klaus., 241–246. Smithsonian Contributions to Marine Science. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2010. "Demospongiae." in McGraw Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, edited by Knowlton, Robert., 11th ed. 1–9. New York: McGraw Hill.
  • Collin, Rachel, D'Croz, Luis, Gondola, Plinio, and Del Rosario, Juan B. 2009. "Climate and hydrological factors affecting variation in chlorophyll concentration and water clarity in the Bahia Almirante, Panama." in Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G., and Ruetzler, Klaus., First ed. 323–334. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.
  • D'Croz, Luis and O'Dea, Aaron. 2009. "Nutrient and chlorophyll dynamics in Pacific Central America (Panama)." in Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G., and Ruetzler, Klaus., First ed. 335–344. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.
  • Feller, Ilka C., Lovelock, Catherine E., and Piou, C. 2009. "Growth and nutrient conservation in Rhizophora mangle in response to fertilization along latitudinal and tidal gradients." in Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G., and Rützler, Klaus., 345–358. Smithsonian contributions to the marine sciences. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.
  • Freestone, Amy L., Osman, Richard W., and Whitlatch, Robert B. 2009. "Latitudinal Gradients in Recruitment and Community Dynamics in Marine Epifaunal Communities: Implications for Invasion Success." in Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G., and Rützler, Klaus., 247–258. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.
  • Gallegos, Charles L., Kenworthy, W. Judson, Biber, Patrick D., and Wolfe, Bret S. 2009. "Underwater Spectral Energy Distribution and Seagrass Depth Limits along an Optical Water Quality Gradient." in Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G., and Rützler, Klaus., 359–368. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.
  • Graham, Eileen S., Tuzzolino, Danielle M., Burrell, Rebecca B., and Breitburg, Denise L. 2009. "Interannual Variation in Gelatinous Zooplankton and Their Prey in the Rhode River, Maryland." in Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G., and Rützler, Klaus., 369–377. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.
  • Hines, Anson H. 2009. "Land–Sea Interactions and Human Impacts in the Coastal Zone." in Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G., and Rützler, Klaus., 11–23. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.
  • Iliffe, Thomas M. and Kornicker, Louis S. 2009. "Worldwide Diving Discoveries of Living Fossil Animals from the Depths of Anchialine and Marine Caves." in Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G., and Rützler, Klaus., 269–280. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.
  • Li, Carter and Collin, Rachel. 2009. "Imposex in one of the world’s busiest shipping zones." in Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G., and Ruetzler, Klaus., First ed. 189–196. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.
  • Rubinoff, Ira. 2009. "Introduction." in Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G., and Ruetzler, Klaus., First ed. ix. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.
  • Ruiz, Gregory M., Torchin, Mark E., and Grant, Katharine. 2009. "Using the Panama Canal to Test Predictions about Tropical Marine Invasions." in Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G., and Rützler, Klaus., 291–299. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2009. "Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems: Thirty-Five Years of Smithsonian Marine Science in Belize." in Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G., and Rützler, Klaus., Washington D.C. ed. 43–71. Smithsonian contributions to the marine sciences (no. 38). Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2009. "Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems: Thirty-Five Years of Smithsonian Marine Science in Belize." in Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G., and Rützler, Klaus., Washington D.C. ed. 43–71. Smithsonian contributions to the marine sciences (no. 38). Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.
  • Rützler, Klaus, Van Soest, Rob W. M., and Piantoni Dietrich, Carla. 2009. "Sponges (Porifera) of the Gulf of Mexico." in Gulf of Mexico Origin, Waters, and Biota. Vol. 1, Biodiversity, edited by Felder, Darryl L. and Camp, David K., 285–313. College Station: Texas A&M University Press.
  • Sponer, Renate and Lessios, Harilaos A. 2009. "Mitochondrial phylogeography of the intertidal isopod Excirolana braziliensis on the two sides of the Isthmus of Panama." in Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G., and Ruetzler, Klaus., First ed. 219–228. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.
  • Urish, Daniel W., Wright, Raymond M., Feller, Ilka C., and Rodriguez, Wilfrid. 2009. "Dynamic Hydrology of a Mangrove Island: Twin Cays, Belize." in Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G., and Rützler, Klaus., 473–490. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.
  • Whigham, Dennis F., Whigham, Michael C., Feller, Ilka C., Rodriguez, Wilfred, and King, Ryan S. 2009. "Ecological characteristics of Batis maritima in Florida and Belize." in Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium, edited by Lang, Michael A., Macintyre, Ian G., and Ruetzler, Klaus., 491–500.
  • Diaz, Maria Cristina, Thacker, Robert W., Rützler, Klaus, and Piantoni Dietrich, Carla. 2007. "Two new haplosclerid sponges from Caribbean Panamá with symbiotic filamentous cyanobacteria, and an overview of sponge-cyanobacteria associations." in Porifera research: Biodiversity, innovation and sustainability, edited by Custódio, M. R., Lôbo-Hajdu, G., Hajdu, E., and Muricy, G., 31–39. Serie Livros 28. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional.
  • Thacker, Robert W., Diaz, Maria Cristina, Rützler, Klaus, Erwin, Patrick M., Kimble, Steven J. A., Pierce, Melissa J., and Dillard, Sandra L. 2007. "Phylogenetic relationships among the filamentous cyanobacterial symbionts of Caribbean sponges and a comparison of photosynthetic production between sponges hosting filamentous and unicellular cyanobacteria." in Porifera research: Biodiversity, innovation and sustainability, edited by Custódio, M. R., Lôbo-Hajdu, G., Hajdu, E., and Muricy, G., 621–626. Série Livros 28. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2005. "Tortugas Marine Laboratory: Threshold to modern sponge biology." in Field Guide to the Major Organisms and Processes Building Reefs and Islands of the Dry Tortugas: The Carnegie Dry Tortugas Laboratory Centennial Celebration (1905-2005), 34–35.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2004. "Sponges on coral reefs: A community shaped by competitive cooperation." in Sponge Science in the New Millennium, edited by Pansini, M., Pronzato, R., Bavestrello, G., and Manconi, R., 85–148. Bolletino dei Musei e degli Instituti Biologici dell' Universitá di Genova. Rapallo, Genova: Officine Grafiche Canessa.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2002. "Family Aleconidae Rosell, 1996." in Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges, edited by Hooper, J. N. A. and Van Soest, Rob W. M., 281–290. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2002. "Family Clionaidae D'Orbigny, 1851." in Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges, edited by Hooper, J. N. A. and Van Soest, Rob W. M., 173–185. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2002. "Family Placospongiidae Gray, 1867." in Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges, edited by Hooper, J. N. A. and Van Soest, Rob W. M., 196–200. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2002. "Family Spirastrellidae Ridley & Dendy, 1886." in Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges, edited by Hooper, J. N. A. and Van Soest, Rob W. M., 220–223. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2002. "Family Timeiidae Topsent, 1928." in Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges, edited by Hooper, J. N. A. and Van Soest, Rob W. M., 266–267. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
  • Rützler, Klaus and Vacelet, Jean. 2002. "Family Acanthochaetetidae Fisher, 1970." in Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges, edited by Hooper, John and Van Soest, Rob W. M., 275–278. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
  • von Soest, R. W. M. and Rützler, Klaus. 2002. "Family Tetillidae Sollas, 1886." in Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges, edited by Hooper, J. N. A. and Van Soest, Rob W. M., 85–98. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
  • Rützler, Klaus and Feller, Ilka C. 1999. "Mangrove swamp communities: An approach in Belize." in Mangrove Ecosystems in Tropical America: Structure, Function and Management, edited by Yañéz-Arancibia, A. and Lara-Dominguez, L., 39–49. EPOMEX Serie Científica. Silver Spring, MD: Universidad Autonoma de Campeche.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1996. "Sponge diving—Professional but not for profit." in Methods and techniques of underwater research. Proceedings of the American Academy of Underwater Sciences Scientific Diving Symposium, edited by Lang, Michael A. and Baldwin, Carole C., 183–204.
  • Van Soest, Rob W. M., Schalk, P. H., Smith, K., Picton, B. E., Brugman, M., Diaz, M. C., Sanders, M. L., De Weerdt, W. H., and Rützler, Klaus. 1996. "Por-Linnaeus: the application of interactive multimedia software for species data storage and computer assisted identification of porifera." in Recent advances in sponge biodiversity inventory and documentations, edited by Willenz, Philippe., 63–72.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1990. "Association between Caribbean sponges and photosynthetic organisms." in New Perspective in Sponge Biology: 3d International Sponge Conference, 1985, edited by Rützler, Klaus., 455–466. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1990. "Association between Caribbean sponges and photosynthetic organisms." in New Perspective in Sponge Biology: 3d International Sponge Conference, 1985, edited by Rützler, Klaus., 455–466. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Wulff, Jenie L. 1990. "Patterns and processes of size change in Caribbean demosponges of branching morphology." in New Perspectives in Sponge Biology, edited by Rützler, Klaus., 425–435. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Cairns, Stephen D., den Hartog, J. C., Arenson, C., and Rützler, Klaus. 1986. "Scleractinia." in Marine Fauna and Flora of Bermuda, edited by Sterrer, W., 159. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1986. "Phylum Porifera (Sponges)." in Marine Fauna and Flora of Bermuda: A Systematic Guide to the Identification of Organisms, edited by Sterrer, Wolfgang., 111–127. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Thomas, J. D. 1986. "A comparison of amphipod fauna from mangrove and coral reef habitats." in Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems, Report 1986, National Museum of Natural History, edited by Rützler, Klaus., 42.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1985. "Porifera." in Marine Fauna and Flora of Bermuda, edited by Sterrer, W., 111–128. NY: John Wiley and Sons.
  • Graus, R. R. and Macintyre, Ian G. 1982. "Variation in Growth Forms of the Reef Coral Montastrea annularis (Ellis and Solander): A Quantitative Evaluation of Growth Response to Light Distribution Using Computer Simulation." in Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, edited by Rützler, Klaus and Macintyre, Ian G., 441–464. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Kapraun, D. F. and Norris, James N. 1982. "The red alga Polysiphonia Greville (Rhodomelaceae) from Carrie Bow Cay and vicinity, Belize." in The Atlantic Barrier Reef Ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, 1: Structure and Communities, edited by Rützler, Klaus and Macintyre, Ian G., 225–238. Smithsonian Contrib. Mar. Sci..
  • Kjerfve, B., Rützler, Klaus, and Kierspe, G. H. 1982. "Tides at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize." in The Atlantic Barrier Reef Ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, 1: Structure and Communities., 47–51. Smithsonian Contributions to Marine Sciences.
  • Norris, James N. and Bucher, K. E. 1982. "Marine algae and seagrasses from Carrie Bow Cay, Belize." in The Atlantic Barrier Reef Ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, 1: Structure and Communities, edited by Rützler, Klaus and Macintyre, Ian G., 167–223. Smithsonian Contrib. Mar. Sci..
  • Norris, James N. and Fenical, W. 1982. "Chemical defense in tropical marine algae." in The Atlantic Barrier Reef Ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, 1: Structure and Communities, edited by Rützler, Klaus and Macintyre, Ian G., 417–431. Smithsonian Contrib. Mar. Sci..
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1982. "Porifera." in The Encyclopedia of Beaches and Coastal Environments, edited by Schwartz, Maurice L., 650–654. Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania: Hutchinson Ross Publishing Company.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1982. "Habitat distribution and community structure of the barrier reef complex near Carrie Bow Cay." in The Atlantic Barrier Reef Ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize 1: Structure and Communities, 9–45. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.01960768.12.539
  • Waller, Thomas R. and Macintyre, Ian G. 1982. "Larval settlement behavior and shell morphology of Malleus candeanus (d'Orbigny) (Mollusca: Bivalvia)." in The Atlantic Barrier Reef ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, I: Structure and communities, edited by Rützler, Klaus and Macintyre, Ian G., 203–219. Smithsonian Contributions to Marine Sciences.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1978. "Sponges in Coral Reef." in Coral Reefs: Research Methods, edited by Stoddart, David R. and Johannes, R. E., 299–313. Paris: United Nations, Economic and Social Council.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1978. "Photogrammetry of reef environments by helium balloon." in Coral Reefs: Research Methods: Monographs on oceanographic methodology, edited by Stoddart, David R. and Johannes, R. E., 45–52. UNESCO Monographs on Oceanographic Methodology. UNESCO.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1978. "Sponges in coral reefs." in Coral Reefs: Research Methods: Monographs on oceanographic methodology, edited by Stoddart, David R. and Johannes, R. E., 299–313. UNESCO Monographs on Oceanographic Methodology. UNESCO.

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Article

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Conference
Web Page
  • Feller, Ilka C. and Rützler, Klaus. 2008. "Mangroves of the reef domain: a case study in Belize, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), UNESCO, EOLSS Publishers, Oxford, UK."
Book
  • Ruetzler, Klaus, Carpenter, Mike, and Piantoni Dietrich, Carla. 2008. CCRE reports 2007-2008, Caribbean coral reef ecosystems. Smithsonian Institution, Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems Program.
  • Ruetzler, Klaus, Carpenter, Mike, and Piantoni Dietrich, Carla. 2008. CCRE rpeorts 2007, Caribbean coral reef ecosystems. Smithsonian Institution, Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems Program.
  • Ruetzler, Klaus, Carpenter, Mike, and Piantoni Dietrich, Carl. 2007. CCRE Rpeorts 2006, Caribbean coral reef ecosystems. Smithsonian Institution, Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems Program.
  • Ruetzler, Klaus, Carpenter, Mike, and Piantoni Dietrich, Carl. 2007. CCRE reports 2006-2007, Caribbean coral reef ecosystems. Smithsonian Institution, Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems Program.
  • Ruetzler, Klaus, Carpenter, Mike, and Dietrich, Carl. 2006. CCRE reports 2005-2006, Carribean coral reef ecosystems. Smithsonian Institution, Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems Program.
  • Ruetzler, Klaus, Carpenter, Mike, and Dietrich, Carl. 2006. CCRE reports 2005, Caribbean coral reef ecosystems. Smithsonian Institution, Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems Program.
  • Ruetzler, Klaus, Carpenter, Mike, and Dietrich, Carl. 2005. CCRE reports 2002-2004, Caribbean coral reef ecosystems. Smithsonian Institution, Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems Program.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 2005. Smithsonian CCRE Reports 1999-2001. Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems. National Museum of Natural History.
  • Rützler, Klaus, Carpenter, M., Smith, K., and Robbart, M. 1999. Smithsonian CCRE Reports 1996-1998 Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems. Smithsonian Institution, Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems Program.
  • Rützler, Klaus and Smith, K. P. 1996. Caribbean coral reef ecosystems progress report 1994/1995. National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1994. Report 1993, Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems. National Museum of Natural History.
  • Rützler, Klaus and Klontz, S. 1993. Report 1990-1992, Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems. Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History.
  • De Vos, L., Rützler, Klaus, Boury-Esnault, N., Donadey, C., and Vacelet, J. 1991. Atlas of sponge morphology. Smithsonian lnstitution Press.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1990. New perspectives in sponge biology. Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Rützler, Klaus and Klontz, S. 1990. Report 1988-1989, Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems. National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1988. A mangrove ecosystem: Twin Cays, Belize. Report from a workshop. National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1987. Report 1987, Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems. National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Rützler, Klaus. 1986. Report 1986, Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems. National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
  • Rützler, Klaus and Hartman, W. D. 1985. Abstracts, third international conference on the biology of sponges. Smithsonian Institution and Yale University.
  • Pomponi, S. and Rützler, Klaus. 1983. An illustrated field guide to the sponges of Looe Key and Key Largo national marine sanctuaries. NOAA Technical Report.

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Abstract