Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

James Norris

Research Botanist Emeritus
Department / Division
Education
  • Ph.D.(1975) Department of Biological Sciences and Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara (Adivsors: M. Neushul & I.A. Abbott)
  • M.A. (1971) Department of Marine Biology and Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, San Francisco State University (Adivsors: G. Oberlander & I.A. Abbott)
  • B.A.(1968) Department of Biology, San Francisco State University (Advisor: H.D. Thiers).
Research Interests

Biodiversity of marine algae; systematics, biogeography, floristics and ecology of tropical and subtropical marine macroalgae

Publications
  • Ballantine, David L., Ruiz, Hector, Lozada-Troche, Chad, and Norris, James N. 2016. "The genus Ramicrusta (Peyssonneliales, Rhodophyta) in the Caribbean Sea, including Ramicrusta bonairensis sp. nov. and Ramicrusta monensis sp. nov." Botanica Marina, 59, (6) 417–431. https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2016-0086.
  • Ballantine, David L., Ruiz, Hector, and Norris, James N. 2015. "Notes on the benthic marine algae of Puerto Rico, XI: new records including new Meredithia (Kallymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) species." Botanica Marina, 58, (5) 355–365. https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2015-0005.
  • Bucher, Katina E., Ballantine, David L., Lozada-Troche, Chad, and Norris, James N. 2014. "Wrangelia gordoniae, a new species of Rhodophyta (Ceramiales, Wrangeliaceae) from the tropical western Atlantic." Botanica Marina, 57, (4) 265–280. https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2014-0012.
  • Norris, James N. 2014. "Marine Algae of the Northern Gulf of California II: Rhodophyta." Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, (96) 1–555. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.19382812.96.
  • Norris, James N. and Owsley, Douglas W. 2014. "Benthic aquatic algae: Indicators of recent taphonomic history." In Kennewick Man: The Scientific Investigation of an Ancient American Skeleton. Owsley, Douglas W. and Jantz, Richard L., editors. 382–392. College Station: Texas A&M University Press. In Peopling of the Americas Publications.
  • Bucher, Katina E., Norris, James N., and Sears, James R. 2013. "Gloiotrichus vermiculatus sp. nov. (Liagoraceae, Rhodophyta), a new species from the Caribbean Sea." Caribbean Journal of Science, 47, (1) 98–113.
  • Gulbransen, Dana J., McGlathery, Karen J., Marklund, Maria, Norris, James N., and Gurgel, Carlos Frederico D. 2012. "Gracilaria Vermiculophylla (Rhodophyta, Gracilariales) In The Virginia Coastal Bays, Usa: Cox1 Analysis Reveals High Genetic Richness Of An Introduced Macroalga." Journal of Phycology, 48, (5) 1278–1283. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8817.2012.01218.x.
  • Krayesky, David M., Norris, James N., West, John A., Kamiya, Mitsunobu, Viguerie, Matt, Wysor, Brian S., and Fredericq, Suzanne. 2012. "Two new species of Caloglossa (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) from the Americas, C. confusa and C. fluviatilis spp. nov." Phycologia, 51, (5) 513–530. https://doi.org/10.2216/11-57.1.
  • Krayesky, David M., Norris, James N., West, John A., and Fredericq, Suzanne. 2011. "The Caloglossa leprieurii complex (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) in the Americas: the elucidation of overlooked species based on molecular and morphological evidence." Cryptogamie Algologie, 32, (1) 37–62. https://doi.org/10.7872/crya.v32.iss1.2011.037.
  • Norris, James N. 2010. "Marine algae of the northern Gulf of California : Chlorophyta and Phaeophyceae." Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, (94) 276–276. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.0081024X.94.276.
  • Krayesky, D. M., del Castillo, E. Meave, Zamudio, E., Norris, James N., and Frederiq, S. 2009. "Diatoms (Bacillariophyta) of the Gulf of Mexico." In Gulf of Mexico Origin, Waters and Biota Vol. 1, Biodiversity. Felder, Darryl L. and Camp, David K., editors. 155–186. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press.
  • Krayesky, David M., Norris, James N., Gabrielson, Paul W., Gabriel, Daniela, and Fredericq, Suzanne. 2009. "A new order of red algae based on the Peyssonneliaceae, with an evaluation of the ordinal classification of the Florideophyceae (Rhodophyta)." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 122, (3) 364–391. https://doi.org/10.2988/08-43.1.
  • Gurgel, C. F. D., Fredericq, Suzanne, Norris, James N., and Yoneshigue-Valentin, Y. 2008. "Two new flat species of Gracilaria (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) from Brazil: G-abyssalis sp nov and G-brasiliensis sp nov." Phycologia, 47, (3) 249–264. https://doi.org/10.2216/PH06-59.1.
  • Fredericq, Suzanne, Krayesky, D., and Norris, James N. 2007. "Clarification of the red algal genus Peyssonnelia in the gulf of Mexico, with a proposal for a new red algal order based on the Peyssonneliaceae." Journal of Phycology, 43 52–52.
  • Krayesky, D. M., Norris, James N., West, J., and Fredericq, Suzanne. 2007. "Taxonomic reassessment of the caloglossa leprieurii-complex (delesseriaceae, rhodophyta), and experimental elucidation of the function of pit connections." Journal of Phycology, 43 5–5.
  • Adey, Walter H. and Norris, James N. 2005. "Alteration of kelp communities in the northwestern North Atlantic." In Plant Conservation, a natural history approach. Krupnick, Gary A. and Kress, W. John, editors. 161–175.
  • Gurgel, C. F. D., Frederico, S., and Norris, James N. 2004. "Phylogeography of Gracilaria tikvahiae (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta): A Study of Genetic Discontinuity in a Continuously Distributed Species Based on Molecular Evidence." Journal of Phycology, 40, (4) 748–758.
  • Gurgel, Carlos Frederico D., Fredericq, Suzanne, and Norris, James N. 2004. "Gracilaria apiculata and G. flabelliformis (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta): restoring old names for common tropical western Atlantic species, including the recognition of three new subspecies, and a replacement name for “G. lacinulata”." Cryptogamie. Algologie, 25, (4) 367–396.
  • Gurgel, Carlos Frederico D., Fredericq, Suzanne, and Norris, James N. 2003. "Gracilariopsis silvana sp. nov., G. hommersandii sp. nov., and G. cata-luziana sp. nov.: Three New Species of the Gracilariaceae (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) from the Western Atlantic." Hydrobiologia, 13, (1) 57–68.
  • Aponte, N., Ballantine, B. L., and Norris, James N. 1997. "Aglaothamnion halliiae comb. nov. and A. collinsii sp. nov. (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta): Resolution of nomenclatural and taxonomic confusion." Journal of Phycology, 33, (1) 81–87.
  • Brodie, J. and Norris, James N. 1996. "Life histories and morphology of some Liagora species (Liagoraceae, Rhodophyta) from the Florida Keys, U.S.A." Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft, 112 121–134.
  • Fredericq, Suzanne and Norris, James N. 1996. "A new order (Rhodogorgonales) and family (Rhodogorgonaceae) of red algae, which includes two calciferous tropical genera, Renouxia gen nov. and Rhodogorgon." Cryptogamic Botany, 5 316–331.
  • Bucher, K. B. and Norris, James N. 1995. "Marine algae new to the Lesser Antilles, including Mazoyerella kraftii sp. nov. (Ceramiales, Rhodopyta)." Caribbean Journal of Science, 31, (1-2) 1–24.
  • Fredericq, Suzanne and Norris, James N. 1995. "A new order (Rhodogorgonales) and family (Rhodogorgonaceae) of red algae composed of two tropical calciferous genera, Renouxia gen. nov. and Rhodogorgon." Cryptogamic Botany, 5 316–331.
  • Mikhailova, M. V., Bemis, D. L., Wise, M. L., Gerwick, William H., Norris, James N., and Jacobs, R. S. 1995. "Structure and biosynthesis of novel conjugated polyene fatty acids from the marine green alga Anadyomene stellata." Lipids, 30, (7) 583–589.
  • Norris, James N., Abbott, Isabella A., and Agegian, C. A. 1995. "Callidictyon abyssorum gen. et sp. nov. (Rhodophyta), A new deep-water net-forming alga from Hawai`i." Pacific Science, 49, (2) 192–201.
  • Norris, James N. and Ballantine, David L. 1995. "Two new species of the Red Alga Chrysymenia J. Agardh (Rhodomeniales: Rhodomeniaceae) from the Tropical Western Atlantic." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 108, (1) 153–165.
  • Norris, James N. and Ballantine, David L. 1995. "Two new species of the red alga Chrysymenia J. Agardh (Rhodymeniales: Rhodymeniaceae) from the tropical western Atlantic." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, (1) 153–165.
  • Apont, ,N.E., Ballantine, David L., and Norris, James N. 1994. "Culture studies on the morphology and life history of Aglaothamnion herveyi (Howe) comb. nov., with notes on A. felipponei (Howe) comb. nov." Phycologia, 33 231–238.
  • Ballantine, David L. and Norris, James N. 1994. "Verdigellis, A new deep-water genus (Tetraporales, Chlorophhyta) from the Tropical Western Atlantic." Cryptogamic Botany, 4 368–372.
  • Lewis, R. J., Norris, James N., and Markham, J. W. 1994. "In Memoriam: Michael Neushul, Jr. (1933-1993)." Phycologia, 33, (3) 206–212.
  • Reed, D. C. and Norris, James N. 1994. "Michael Neushul, Jr., 1933-1993." Botanica Marina, 37 287–292.
  • Lewis, R. J., Norris, James N., and Markham, J. W. 1993. "In memorium: Michael Neushul, Jr. (1933-1993)." Applied Phycology Forum, 10 5–12.
  • Lewis, R. J., Norris, James N., and Markham, J. W. 1993. "Michael Neushul, Jr. (1933-1993)." Phycological Newsletter, 29 4–5.
  • Mayer, A. M. S., Paul, Valerie J., Fenical, W., Norris, James N., de Carvalho, M. S., and Jacobs, R. J. 1993. "Phospholipase A2 inhibitors from marine algae." Hydrobiologia, 260/261 521–529.
  • Brodie, J. and Norris, James N. 1992. "Life history and morphology of Liagora aff. ceranoides (Liagoraceae, Rhodophyta) from the Florida Keys." Phycologia, 31, (5) 419–430. https://doi.org/10.2216/i0031-8884-31-5-419.1.
  • Bucher, K. E. and Norris, James N. 1992. "A new deep water red alga, Titanophora submarina sp. nov. (Gymnophloeaceae, Gigartinales), from the Caribbean Sea." Phycologia, (2) 180–191.
  • Bucher, K. E. and Norris, James N. 1992. "A new deep-water red alga, Titanophora submarina sp. nov. (Gymnophloeaceae, Gigartinales), from the Caribbean." Phycologia, 31 180–191.
  • Fredericq, Suzanne and Norris, James N. 1992. "Studies on cylindrical species of Western Atlantic Gracilaria (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta): G. cylindrica Borgensen and G. blodgettii harvey." In Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. Abbott, Isabella A., editor. 211–231.
  • Fredericq, Suzanne, Serr.o, E., and Norris, James N. 1992. "New records of marine red algae from the Azores." Arquipélago: Life & Earth Sciences, 10 1–4.
  • Pueshul, C. M., Trick, H. N., and Norris, James N. 1992. "Fine structure of the phylogenetically important marine alga Rhodogorgon carriebowensis (Rhodophyta, Batrachospermales?)." Protoplasma, 166 78–88.
  • Macintyre, Ian G., Rützler, Klaus, Norris, James N., Smith, K. P., Cairns, Stephen D., Bucher, K. E., and Steneck, Robert S. 1991. "An early holocene reef in the Western Atlantic: submersible invesigations of a deep relict reef off the west coast of Barbados, W. I." Coral Reefs, 10 167–174.
  • Norris, James N. and Olsen, J. L. 1991. "Deep-water green algae from the Bahamas, including Cladophora vandenhoekii sp. nov. (Cladophorales)." Phycologia, 30 315–328.
  • Norris, James N. and Olsen, J. L. 1991. "Deep water green algae from the Bahamas, including Cladophora vandenhoekii sp. nov. (Cladophorales)." Phycologia, (4) 315–328.
  • Brodie, J. and Norris, James N. 1990. "Life histories of Liagora species from the Florida Keys." Journal of Phycology, 26 20.
  • Bucher, Katina E., Norris, James N., Littler, Mark M., and Littler, Diane S. 1990. "Marine algae new to Florida, including Trichosolen molassensis sp. nov. (Chlorophyta) and Diplothamnion jolyi var. ecellulare var. nov. (Rhodophyta)." Cryptomatic Botany, 1 295–307.
  • Norris, James N. and Fredericq, Suzanne. 1990. "Studies on cylindrical species of Western Atlantic species of Gracilaria (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta)." Journal of Phycology, 26 20.
  • Ballantine, David L. and Norris, James N. 1989. "Notes on the marine algae of Puerto Rico, V: new additions to the flora." Caribbean Journal of Science, 25 1–8.
  • Fredericq, Suzanne, Hommersand, M. H., and Norris, James N. 1989. "Morphological observations on the adelphoparasite Gracilariophila oryzoides Setchell et Wilson." Japanese Journal of Phycology, 37 167–180.
  • Littler, Diane S., Littler, Mark M., Bucher, Katina E., and Norris, James N. 1989. Marine plants of the Caribbean, a field guide from Florida to Brazil..
  • Norris, James N. and Bucher, K. B. 1989. "Rhodogorgon an anomalous new red algal genus from the Caribbean Sea." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 102, (4) 1050–1066.
  • Blair, S. M. and Norris, James N. 1988. "The deep-water species of Halimeda Lamouroux (Chlorophyta, Halimedaceae) from San Salvador Island, Bahamas: species composition, distribution and depth records." Coral Reefs, 6 227–236.
  • Kilar, J. A. and Norris, James N. 1988. "Composition, esport and import of drift vegetation on a tropical, plant-dominated, fringing-reef platform (Caribbean Panama)." Coral Reefs, 7 93–103.
  • Norris, James N. and Sims, R. H. 1988. "Diving accident associated with the use of dynamite for fishing." Diving Operations, 2 5–6.
  • Norris, James N. and Sims, R. H. 1988. "Report on a near-tragic diving accident associated with the use of dynamite for fishing." Underwater Sci.Rpt.(Canadian Assoc.Underwater Sci.), 2 3–5.
  • Smith, C. M. and Norris, James N. 1988. "Structure and occurence of Spermatangia in Caribbean Bostrychia montagnei Harvey and B. binderi Harvey (Rhodomelaceae)." Japanese Journal of Phycology, 36 127–137.
  • Smith, Celia M. and Norris, James N. 1988. "Procarp structure in some Caribbean species of Bostrychia Mantagne (Rhodophyta, Rhodomelaceae): an important systematic character." Atoll Research Bulletin, 312 1–15. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.312.1.
  • Smith, Celia M. and Norris, James N. 1988. "Structure and Occurrence of Spermatangia in Caribbean Bostrychia montagnei Harvey and B. biuderi Harvey (Rhodomelaceae, Ceramiales)." Japanese Journal of Phycology (Sôrui), 127–137.
  • Tanner, C. E., Coen, L. D., and Norris, James N. 1988. "Form, habitat and susceptibility to herbivory of the tropical brown alga Lobophora variegata." Journal of Phycology, 24 26.
  • Griffith, Peter C., Cubit, John D., Adey, Walter H., and Norris, James N. 1987. "Computer-automated Flow Respirometry: Metabolism Measurements on a Caribbean Reef Flat and in a Microcosm." Limnology and Oceanography, 32, (2) 442–451.
  • Lewis, J. L. and Norris, James N. 1987. A history and annotated account of the benthic marine algae of Taiwan. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. In Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.01960768.29.iv.
  • Lewis, S. M., Norris, James N., and Searles, R. B. 1987. "The regulation of morphological plasticity in tropical reef algae by herbivory." Ecology, 68 636–641.
  • Littler, Mark M., Littler, Diane S., Norris, James N., and Bucher, Katina E. 1987. Recolonization of algal communities following the grounding of the freighter Wellwood on Molasses Reef, Key Largo National Marine Sanctuary. 15. Washington, DC: NOAA, US Department of Commerce, National Ocean Service, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, Marine and Estuarine Management Division.
  • Littler, Mark M., Taylor, Phillip R., Littler, Diane S., Sims, R. H., and Norris, James N. 1987. "Dominant macrophyte standing stocks, productivity and community structure on a Belizean barrier-reef." Atoll Research Bulletin, 302 1–24. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.302.1.
  • Norris, James N. and Sims, R. H. 1987. "Diving accident by the use of dynamite for fishing in China." Phycological Newsletter, 23 5–7.
  • Blair, S. and Norris, James N. 1986. "The Deep-Water Species of Halimeda Lamouroux (Halimedaceae, Chlorophyta) from San Salvador Island, Bahamas: Species Composition, Distribution, and Depth Records." Coral Reefs, (6) 227–236.
  • Fredericq, Suzanne and Norris, James N. 1986. "The structure and reproduction of Dasya haitiana sp. nov. (Dasyaceae, Rhodophyta) from the Caribbean Sea." Phycologia, 25 185–196.
  • Littler, Mark M., Littler, Diane S., Blair, Steve M., and Norris, James N. 1986. "Deep-water plant communities from San Salvador Seamount, Bahamas: new records of distribution, abundance and primary productivity." Deep-Sea Research, 33, (7) 881–892.
  • Abbott, Isabella A., Chiang, M., Fredericq, Suzanne, Norris, James N., Tsuda, Roy T., Xia, B. M., and Yamamoto, H. 1985. "The red alga Gracilaria Greville (Gracilariaceae, Gigartinales): Introduction." In Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. Abbott, Isabella A. and Norris, James N., editors. 67–68.
  • Abbott, Isabella A. and Norris, James N. 1985. Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. California Sea Grant Program, University of California.
  • Blair, S. M. and Norris, James N. 1985. "Deep-water Caribbean species of Halimeda (Udoteaceae): observations of depth distributions and morphology." Journal of Phycology, 21 5.
  • Doty, Maxwell S. and Norris, James N. 1985. "Euchema species (Solieraceae, Rhodophyta) that are major sources of Carageenan." In Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. Abbott, Isabella A. and Norris, James N., editors. 47–61. California Sea Grant Prog.
  • Fredericq, Suzanne and Norris, James N. 1985. "Morpholigical studies on some tropical species of Gracilaria Grev. (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta), I: taxonomic concepts based on reproductive morphology." In Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. Abbott, Isabella A. and Norris, James N., editors. 137–155. La Jolla, CA: California Sea Grant College Program.
  • Gerwick, William H., Fenical, W., and Norris, James N. 1985. "Chemical variation in the tropical brown seaweed Stypopodium zonale (Dictyotaceae)." Phytochemistry, 24, (6) 1279–1283.
  • Kilar, J., Norris, James N., Hay, M. E., and Cubit, J. E. 1985. "Spatial patterns and seasonal abundances of major reeflat assemblages on a Caribbean fringing reef (Galeta Point, Panama)." Journal of Phycology, 21 5.
  • Littler, Mark M., Littler, Diane S., Blair, Steve M., and Norris, James N. 1985. "Deepest known plant life is discovered on an uncharted seamount." Science, 227, (4) 57–59.
  • Littler, Mark M., Taylor, Phillip R., Littler, Diane S., Sims, R. H., and Norris, James N. 1985. "The distribution, abundance and primary productivity of submerged macrophytes in a Belize barrier-reef mangrove system." Atoll Research Bulletin, 289 1–20. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.289.1.
  • Norris, James N. 1985. "Non-Flowering Plants: Marine Algae [Seri Indian Seaweed Knowledge]." In People of the Desert and Sea: Ethnobotany of the Seri Indians. Felger, R. S. and Moser, M. B., editors. 207–216. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.
  • Norris, James N. 1985. "Studies on Gracilaria Grev. (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta) from the Gulf of California, Mexico." In Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. Abbott, Isabella A. and Norris, James N., editors. 123–135.
  • Norris, James N. 1985. "Key and list of the common species of Gracilaria from the Gulf of California, Mexico, with their geographic distribution and references." In Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. Abbott, Isabella A. and Norris, James N., editors. 93–96.
  • Norris, James N. 1985. "Gracilaria and Polycavernosa from the Caribbean and Florida: key and list of the species that have economic potential." In Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. Abbott, Isabella A. and Norris, James N., editors. 101–102,113. Sea Grant Prog.
  • Norris, James N. 1985. "Observations of Eucheuma J. Agardh (Solieriaceae, Rhodophyta) from the Gulf of California, Mexico." In Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. Abbott, Isabella A. and Norris, James N., editors. 63–66.
  • Norris, James N. and Fenical, W. H. 1985. "Natural product chemistry of benthic marine algae: uses in ecology and systematics." In Ecological Field Methods: Macroalgae. Hankbook of Phycological Methods. Littler, Mark M. and Littler, Diane S., editors. 121–145.
  • Norris, James N. and Lewis, S. M. 1985. "Tropical algal morphogenesis: developmental plasticity mediated by herbivore-plant interactions on coral reefs." In Proceedings of the Fifth International Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti, Vol. 2: Abstracts. 267.
  • Connor, J. S., Cubit, J. E., and Norris, James N. 1984. "Cyclic changes in biotic surface cover of a fringing reef in Caribbean Panamá." Journal of Phycology, 20 13.
  • Hay, M. E. and Norris, James N. 1984. "Seasonal reproduction and abundance of six sympatric species of Gracilaria Grev. (Gracilariaceae; Rhodophyta) on a Carribbean subtidal sand plain." Hydrobiologia, 116/117 63–72.
  • Hay, Mark E. and Norris, James N. 1984. "Seasonal reproduction and abundance of six sympatric species of Gracilaria Grev. (Gracilariaceae: Phodophyta) on a Caribbean subtidal sand plain." Hydrobiologia, 116/117 63–72.
  • Nicolson, Dan H. and Norris, James N. 1983. "Ordinal orthography: Nemalionales vs. Nemaliales (Rhodophyta)." Taxon, 32 286–292.
  • Norris, James N. and Hay, M. E. 1983. "The relationship between stress and phenology in six sympatric species of Gracilaria Greville (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from the Western Caribbean." In Proceedings of the XIth International Seaweed Symposium. 187.
  • Kapraun, D. F. and Norris, James N. 1982. "The red alga Polysiphonia Greville (Rhodomelaceae) from Carrie Bow Cay and vicinity, Belize." In The Atlantic Barrier Reef Ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, 1: Structure and Communities. Rützler, Klaus and Macintyre, Ian G., editors. 225–238. In Smithsonian Contrib. Mar. Sci..
  • Macintyre, Ian G., Rützler, Klaus, Norris, James N., and Fauchald, Kristian. 1982. "A submarine cave near Columbus Cay, a bizarre cryptic habitat." In The Atlantic Barrier Reef Ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize 1: Structure and Communities. 127–141. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. In Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 12. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.01960768.12.539.
  • Norris, James N. 1982. "Computer mapping in ecological and distribution studies: seasonality in tropical reef communities." In Computers in Research at the Smithsonian. 25.
  • Norris, James N. and Bucher, K. E. 1982. "Marine algae and seagrasses from Carrie Bow Cay, Belize." In The Atlantic Barrier Reef Ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, 1: Structure and Communities. Rützler, Klaus and Macintyre, Ian G., editors. 167–223. In Smithsonian Contrib. Mar. Sci..
  • Norris, James N. and Fenical, W. 1982. "Chemical defense in tropical marine algae." In The Atlantic Barrier Reef Ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, 1: Structure and Communities. Rützler, Klaus and Macintyre, Ian G., editors. 417–431. In Smithsonian Contrib. Mar. Sci..
  • Norris, James N., Griffith, Peter C., and Adey, Walter H. 1982. "Computer assisted measurement of coral reef community metabolism: watching a rapidly changing biological environment." In Computers in Research at the Smithsonian. 22.
  • Norris, James N. and Kugrens, P. 1982. "Marine rhodophyceae: introduction and bibliography." In Selected Papers in Phycology, II. Rosowski, J. R. and Parker, B. C., editors. 663–670.
  • Eisman, N. J. and Norris, James N. 1981. "Dudresnaya patula sp. nov., an unusual deep-water red alga from Florida." Journal of Phycology, 17 186–191.
  • Nicolson, Dan H. and Norris, James N. 1981. "The odious problem of generic names ending in -idium and -odium: confusable under Article 75?" Taxon, 30 476–477.
  • Norris, James N. 1981. "Physical resources." In Trends, Priorities and Needs in Systematic Biology. Stuessy, T. F. and Thomson, K. S., editors. 36–45.
  • Norris, James N. and Johansen, H. W. 1981. Articulated coralline algae of the Gulf of California, Mexico, I: Amphiroa Lamouroux. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. In Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.1943667X.9.1.
  • Norris, James N. and Townsend, R. A. 1981. "Algal names and Article 39: figuratively speaking." Taxon, 30 497–499.
  • Stewart, J. S. and Norris, James N. 1981. "Gelidiaceae (Rhodophyta) from the Northern Gulf of California, Mexico." Phycologia, 20 273–284.
  • Norris, James N. 1979. "Marine plant-animal interactions: an evolutionary arms race?" C.U.E.Newsletter, 1979 1.
  • Ernst, C. and Norris, James N. 1978. "Observations on the algal genus Basicladia and the Red-belleid Turtle, Chrysemys rubriventris." Estuaries, 1 54–57.
  • Norris, James N. 1978. "Smithsonian Institution's Galapagos marine algae program." Noticias de Gal˜pagos, 27 24–25.
  • Hollenberg, George J. and Norris, James N. 1977. The red alga Polysiphonia (Rhodomelaceae) in the Nothern Gulf of California. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. In Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 1. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.01960768.1.iii.
  • Norris, James N. 1977. "Seri Indian seaweed knowledge: taxonomy, ecology and uses." In American Philosophical Society Year Book. Corner, G. W., editor. 202–206.
  • Norris, James N. and Bucher, K. E. 1977. "The genus Platoma (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta), with a description of P. abbottiana sp. nov." Journal of Phycology, 13 155–162.
  • Norris, James N. and Johansen, H. W. 1977. "Articulated coralline algae of the Gulf of California." Journal of Phycology, 13 49.
  • Norris, James N. 1976. "The green algal genus Enteromorpha Link 1820." In Marine Algae of California. Abbott, Isabella A. and Hollenberg, G. J., editors. 73–77.
  • Norris, James N. 1976. "Distribution and seasonal variation of the benthic marine algae in the Gulf of California." Journal of Phycology, 12 33.
  • Norris, James N. 1976. "The green algal genus Blidingia Kylin 1947." In Marine Algae of California. Abbott, Isabella A. and Hollenberg, G. J., editors. 70–73.
  • Norris, James N. 1976. "Reseña Histórica de las Exploraciones Marinas Botánicas en el Golfo de California." In Sonoro: AntropologA-a del Desierto. Braniff, B. and Felger, R. S., editors. 79–84.
  • Norris, James N. 1976. "Introduction: Gulf of California, Mexico." Journal of Phycology, 12 33.
  • Norris, James N. 1976. "Phytoplankton and benthic algae of the Gulf of California and the Gulf of Mexico." Journal of Phycology, 12 7.
  • Norris, James N. and Bucher, Katina E. 1976. "New Records of Marine Algae from the 1974 R/V Dolphin Cruise to the Gulf of California." Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, (34) 1–26. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.0081024X.34.
  • Norris, James N., Howard, B. M., and Fenical, W. 1976. "Chemotaxonomy: Luarencia pacifica (Rhodophyta) from the Pacific Coast of North America." Journal of Phycology, 12 27.
  • Wynne, M. J. and Norris, James N. 1976. "The genus Colpomenia Derbes and Solier (Phaeophyta) in the Gulf of California." Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, (35) 1–18. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.0081024X.35.
  • Fenical, W. and Norris, James N. 1975. "Chemotaxonomy in marine algae: Laurencia pacifica from the Gulf of California." Journal of Phycology, 11 104–108.
  • Norris, James N. and Fenical, W. 1974. "Chemotaxonomy: Laurencia pacifica (Rhodophyta) in the Gulf of California." Journal of Phycology, 10 3.
  • Wynne, M. J. and Norris, James N. 1974. "The brown alga Colpomenia Derbes et Solier in the Gulf of California." Journal of Phycology, 10 19.
  • Norris, James N. 1973. "Marine algae from the 1969 cruise of Makrele to the Nothern Gulf of California." Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica de México, 32, (1972) 1–30.
  • Norris, James N. and Norris, R. E. 1973. "Kallymenia pertusa (Rhodophyceae, Cryptomeniales) from the Gulf of California." Phycologia, 12 71–74.
  • Norris, James N. and Abbott, Isabella A. 1972. "Some new records of marine algae from the R/V Proteus cruise to British Columbia." Syesis, 5 87–94.
  • Norris, James N. 1971. "Observations on the Genus Blidingia (Chlorophyta) in California." Journal of Phycology, 7 145–149.

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