Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Ellen Strong

Chair of Invertebrate Zoology, Research Zoologist and Curator of Mollusks
Department / Division
  • B.A., University of California, Berkeley
  • Ph.D., George Washington University
  • Ph.D., George Washington University
Collections Areas
  • Bryozoa
    • Fluid preserved specimens
    • Dry specimens - Antarctic
  • Mollusca
    • Gastropoda (freshwater, terrestrial)
      • Caenogastropoda (basal marine)
Research Interests

Phylogeny and systematics of the Caenogastropoda based on morphological and molecular data; evolution of feeding biology in the Mollusca (Caenogastropoda; Bivalvia).

Journal Article

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Book Chapter
  • Strong, Ellen E. and Lydeard, Charles. 2019. "Pleuroceridae P. Fischer, 1885." In Freshwater mollusks of the world : a distribution atlas. Lydeard, Charles and Cummings, Kevin, editors. 74–80. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Van Bocxlaer, Bert and Strong, Ellen E. 2019. "Viviparidae Gray, 1847." In Freshwater Mollusks of the World: A Distribution Atlas. Lydeard, Charles and Cummings, Kevin, editors. 43–50. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Cowie, Robert H., Hayes, Kenneth A., Strong, Ellen E., and Thiengo, Silvana C. 2017. "Non-native Apple Snails: Systematics, distribution, Invasion History and Reasons for Introduction." In Biology and management of invasive apple snails. Joshi, Ravindra C., Cowie, Robert H., and Sebastian, Leocadio S., editors. 3–32. Maligaya, Nueva Ecija: Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice).
  • Strong, Ellen E. and Van Bocxlaer, Bert. 2016. "Anatomy, functional morphology, evolutionary ecology and systematics of the invasive gastropod Cipangopaludina japonica (Viviparidae: Bellamyinae)." 235–263. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press. In Contributions to Zoology, 85.
  • Bouchet, Philippe and Strong, Ellen E. 2010. "Historical name-bearing types in marine molluscs: an impediment to biodiversity studies?" In Systema Naturae 250 - The Linnaean Ark. Polaszek, Andrew, editor. 61–72. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
  • Ponder, W. F., Colgan, Donald J., Healy, J., Nützel, A., Simone, L. R. L., and Strong, Ellen E. 2008. "Caenogastropod Phylogeny." In Molluscan Phylogeny. Ponder, W. F. and Lindberg, D. L., editors. 331–383. Berkeley: U. California Press.
  • Strong, Ellen E. and Lydeard, Charles. 2004. "Phylogeny and classification of North American freshwater gastropods." In Showing your Shells. A Primer to Freshwater Gastropod Identification. Perez, K. E., Clark, S. A., and Lydeard, Charles, editors. 6–12. Freshwater Mollusk Conservation Society.