Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Elizabeth (Liz) Zimmer

Research Botanist (various land plant groups)
Department / Division
Education
  • B.A., Cornell University
  • Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley
Research Interests

The majority of Zimmer's present research projects deal with studies of the pattern and process of molecular evolution in green plants. When she began her postdoctoral work in 1980, she developed nuclear ribosomal genes as a good model for both phylogenetic and evolutionary process studies. At the Smithsonian, this work has continued to use ribosomal and chloroplast gene markers for molecular systematic studies of key groups such as the Isoetes, ferns, Gesneriaceae, several Pacific genera including Rutaceae, and the grape family, Vitaceae. These projects have involved graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and curators in the Department of Botany at NMNH (P. Schafran, J. Skog, L. Skog, W. Wagner, and J. Wen, respectively). Additionally, we have used microsatellite profiling for application to species and population level questions with colleagues including graduate students from Johns Hopkins and the University of Maryland. Most recently, we have begun using Next Generation DNA Sequencing techniques (transcriptomatics, genome skimming and target capture) to resolve evolutionary relationships among some of those species groups.

Publications
  • Schafran, Peter W., Johnson, Gabriel, Taylor, W. Carl, Zimmer, Elizabeth A., and Musselman, Lytton J. 2018. "Low-copy nuclear markers in Isoëtes (Isoëtaceae) identified with transcriptomes." Applications in Plant Sciences, 6, (4). https://doi.org/10.1002/aps3.1142.
  • Schafran, Peter W., Zimmer, Elizabeth A., Taylor, W. Carl, and Musselman, Lytton J. 2018. "A Whole Chloroplast Genome Phylogeny of Diploid Species of Isoetes (Isoetaceae, Lycopodiophyta) in the Southeastern United States." Castanea: The Journal of the Southern Appalachian Botanical Society, 83, (2) 224–235. https://doi.org/10.2179/17-132.
  • Wang, Mei-Na, Duan, Lei, Qiao, Qi, Wang, Zheng-Feng, Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Li, Zhong-Chao, and Chen, Hong-Feng. 2018. "Phylogeography and conservation genetics of the rare and relict Bretschneidera sinensis (Akaniaceae)." Plos One, 13, (1) 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0189034.
  • Wen, Jun, Harris, Aj, Kalburgi, Yash, Zhang, Ning, Xu, Yuan, Zheng, Wei, Ickert-Bond, Stefanie M., Johnson, Gabriel, and Zimmer, Elizabeth A. 2018. "Chloroplast phylogenomics of the New World grape species (Vitis, Vitaceae)." Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 56, (4) 297–308. https://doi.org/10.1111/jse.12447.
  • Zhou, Juannan, Dudash, Michele R., Zimmer, Elizabeth A., and Fenster, Charles B. 2018. "Comparison of population genetic structures of the plant Silene stellata and its obligate pollinating seed predator moth Hadena ectypa." Annals of Botany, 122, (4) 593–603. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcy091.
  • Zhou, Juannan, Zimmer, Elizabeth A., Fenster, Charles B., and Dudash, Michele R. 2018. "Characterization of the mating system of a native perennial tetraploid herb, Silene stellata." American Journal of Botany, 0, (0) 01–October 2018. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1158.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, Pedro, Wurdack, Kenneth J., Ferrucci, M. S., Johnson, Gabriel, Dias, Pedro, Coelho, Rubens G., Somner, Genise V., Steinmann, Victor W., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Strong, Mark T. 2017. "Generic Relationships and Classification of Tribe Paullinieae (Sapindaceae) with a New Concept of Supertribe Paulliniodae." Systematic Botany, 42, (1) 96–114. https://doi.org/10.1600/036364417X694926.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, Pedro, Wurdack, Kenneth J., Ferrucci, M. S., Johnson, Gabriel, Dias, Pedro, Coelho, Rubens G., Somner, Genise V., Steinmann, Victor W., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Strong, Mark T. 2017. [Dataset] Generic Relationships and Classification of Tribe Paullinieae (Sapindaceae) with a New Concept of Supertribe Paulliniodae.
  • Shivakumar, Vikram S., Appelhans, Marc S., Johnson, Gabriel, Carlsen, Monica, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2017. "Analysis of whole chloroplast genomes from the genera of the Clauseneae, the curry tribe (Rutaceae, Citrus family)." Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 117 135–140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.12.015.
  • Siegel, Chloe S., Stevenson, Florence O., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2017. "Evaluation and comparison of FTA card and CTAB DNA extraction methods for non-agricultural taxa." Applications in Plant Sciences, 5, (2). https://doi.org/10.3732/apps.1600109.
  • Wen, Jun, Harris, Aj, Ickert-Bond, Stefanie, Dikow, Rebecca B., Wurdack, Kenneth J., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2017. "Developing integrative systematics in the informatics and genomic era, and calling for a global Biodiversity Cyberbank." Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 55, (4) 308–321. https://doi.org/10.1111/jse.12270.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne and Wildman, Derek E. 2017. "Editorial for 25th Anniversary Issue of Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 117 1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2017.10.024.
  • Martin, Michael D., Olsen, Morten Tange, Samaniego, Jose A., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Gilbert, M. T. 2016. "The population genomic basis of geographic differentiation in North American common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.)." Ecology and Evolution, 6, (11) 3760–3771. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.2143.
  • Zhang, Ning, Wen, Jun, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2016. "Correction: Congruent Deep Relationships in the Grape Family (Vitaceae) Based on Sequences of Chloroplast Genomes and Mitochondrial Genes via Genome Skimming." PLOS ONE, 11, (3) 1. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152059.
  • Zhang, Ning, Wen, Jun, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2016. "Another look at the phylogenetic position of the grape order Vitales: Chloroplast phylogenomics with an expanded sampling of key lineages." Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 101 216–223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.04.034.
  • Zhou, Juannan, Dudash, Michele R., Fenster, Charles B., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2016. "Development of Highly Variable Microsatellite Markers for the Tetraploid Silene stellata (Caryophyllaceae)." Applications in Plant Sciences, 4, (12) 1600117. https://doi.org/10.3732/apps.1600117.
  • Budd, Cara, Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Freeland, Joanna R. 2015. "Conservation genetics of Magnolia acuminata, an endangered species in Canada: Can genetic diversity be maintained in fragmented, peripheral populations?" Conservation Genetics, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10592-015-0746-9.
  • Wen, Jun, Egan, Ashley N., Dikow, Rebecca B., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2015. "Utility of transcriptome sequencing for phylogenetic inference and character evolution." In Next-generation sequencing in plant systematics. Hörandl, E. and Appelhans, M. S., editors. 51–91. International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT). https://doi.org/10.14630/000003.
  • Wen, Jun, Liu, Jianquan, Ge, Song, Xiang, Qiu-Yun (Jenny), and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2015. "Phylogenomic approaches to deciphering the tree of life." Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 53, (5) 369–370. https://doi.org/10.1111/jse.12175.
  • Zhang, Ning, Wen, Jun, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2015. "Expression patterns of AP1, FUL, FT and LEAFY orthologs in Vitaceae support the homology of tendrils and inflorescences throughout the grape family." Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 53, (5) 469–476. https://doi.org/10.1111/jse.12138.
  • Zhang, Ning, Wen, Jun, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2015. "Congruent Deep Relationships in the Grape Family (Vitaceae) Based on Sequences of Chloroplast Genomes and Mitochondrial Genes via Genome Skimming." PLOS ONE, 10, (12) 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144701.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne and Wen, Jun. 2015. "Using nuclear gene data for plant phylogenetics: Progress and prospects II. Next-gen approaches." Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 53, (5) 371–379. https://doi.org/10.1111/jse.12174.
  • Appelhans, Marc S., Wen, Jun, Wood, Kenneth R., Allan, Gerard J., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Wagner, Warren L. 2014. "Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Hawaiian Rutaceae (Melicope, Platydesma and Zanthoxylum) and their different colonization patterns." Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 174, (3) 425–448. https://doi.org/10.1111/boj.12123.
  • Martin, Michael D., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Olsen, Morten T., Foote, Andrew D., Gilbert, M. T., and Brush, Grace S. 2014. "Herbarium specimens reveal a historical shift in phylogeographic structure of common ragweed during native range disturbance." Molecular ecology, 23, (7) 1701–1716. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.12675.
  • Wen, Jun, Xiong, Zhiqiang, Nie, Ze-Long, Mao, Likai, Zhu, Yabing, Kan, Xian-Zhao, Ickert-Bond, Stefanie, Gerrath, Jean, Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Fang, Xiao-Dong. 2013. "Transcriptome Sequences Resolve Deep Relationships of the Grape Family." PLoS ONE, 8, (9) e74394. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074394.
  • Sessa, Emily B., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Givnish, Thomas J. 2012. "Unraveling reticulate evolution in North American Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae)." BMC Evolutionary Biology, 12 104. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-12-104.
  • Sessa, Emily B., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Givnish, Thomas J. 2012. "Phylogeny, Divergence Times, and Historical Biogeography of New World Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae)." American Journal of Botany, 99, (4) 730–750. https://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.1100294.
  • Sessa, Emily B., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Givnish, Thomas J. 2012. "Reticulate evolution on a global scale: A nuclear phylogeny for New World Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae)." Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 64, (3) 563–581. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2012.05.009.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth A. and Wen, Jun. 2012. "Using nuclear gene data for plant phylogenetics: progress and prospects." Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 65, (2) 774–785. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2012.07.015.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Suh, Youngbae, and Karol, Kenneth G. 2012. "Phylogenetic placement of a recently described taxon of the genus Pleodendron (Canellaceae)." Phytologia, 94, (3) 400–408.
  • Bacon, Christine D., Allan, Gerard J., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Wagner, Warren L. 2011. "Genome scans reveal high levels of gene flow in Hawaiian Pittosporum." Taxon, 60 733–741.
  • Harbaugh Reynaud, Danica, Nepokroeff, Molly, Rabeler, Richard K., McNeill, John, Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Wagner, Warren L. 2010. "A New Lineage-Based Tribal Classification of the Family Caryophyllaceae." International Journal of Plant Sciences, 171, (2) 185–198. https://doi.org/10.1086/648993.
  • Martén-Rodríguez, Silvana, Fenster, Charles B., Agnarsson, Ingi, Skog, Laurence E., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2010. "Evolutionary breakdown of pollination specialization in a Caribbean plant radiation." New Phytologist, 188, (2) 403–417. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03330.x.
  • Harbaugh Reynaud, Danica, Wagner, Warren L., Allan, Gerard J., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2009. "The Hawaiian Archipelago is a stepping stone for dispersal in the Pacific: an example from the plant genus Melicope (Rutaceae)." Journal of Biogeography, 36, (2) 230–241. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2008.02008.x.
  • Rasmussen, David A., Kramer, Elena M., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2009. "One size fits all? Molecular evidence for a commonly inherited petal identity program in Ranunculales." American Journal of Botany, 96, (1) 96–109.
  • Nie, Ze-Long, Wen, Jun, Azuma, Hiroshi, Qiu, Yin-Long, Sun, Hang, Meng, Ying, Sun, Wei-Bang, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2008. "Phylogenetic and biogeographic complexity of Magnoliaceae in the Northern Hemisphere inferred from three nuclear data sets." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 48, (3) 1027–1040. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2008.06.004.
  • Roalson, E. H., Skog, Laurence E., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2008. "Untangling Gloxinieae (Gesneriaceae). II. Reconstructing biogeographic patterns and estimating divergence times among new world continental and island lineages." Systematic Botany, 33, (1) 159–175. https://doi.org/10.1600/036364408783887429.
  • Applequist, W. L., Wagner, Warren L., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Nepokroeff, M. 2006. "Molecular Evidence Resolving the Systematic Position of Hectorella (Portulacaceae)." Systematic Botany, 31 310–319.
  • Clark, John L., Herendeen, Paterick, Skog, Laurence E., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2006. "Phylogenetic relationships and generic boundaries in the Episcieae (Gesneriaceae) inferred from nuclear, chloroplast, and morphological data." Taxon, 55, (2) 313–336. https://doi.org/10.2307/25065580.
  • Kramer, E. M. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2006. "Gene duplication and floral developmental genetics of basic eudicots." Advances in Botanical Research, 44 352–381.
  • Whittall, J. B., Medina-Moreno, A., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Hodges, S. A. 2006. "Generating single-copy nuclear gene data for a recent adaptive radiation." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 39, (1) 124–134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2005.10.010.
  • Kress, W. John, Wurdack, Kenneth J., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Weigt, Lee A., and Janzen, Daniel H. 2005. "Use of DNA barcodes to identify flowering plants." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102 8369–8374.
  • Nepokroeff, M., Wagner, Warren L., Soltis, P. S., Weller, S. G., Soltis, D. E., Sakai, A. K., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2005. "Phylogeny [of Schiedea]." Systematic Botany Monographs, 72 13–20.
  • Roalson, E. H., Boggan, John K., Skog, Laurence E., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2005. "Untangling Gloxinieae (Gesneriaceae). I. Phylogenetic patterns and generic boundaries inferred from nuclear, chloroplast, and morphological cladistic datasets." Taxon, 54, (2) 289–310.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2005. "Preface." In Methods in Molecular Evolution: Producing the Biochemical Data, part B. Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne and Roalson, E. H., editors. xv.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2005. "Genetic assessment methods for plant conservation biology." In Plant Conservation: A Natural History Approach. Krupnick, Gary A. and Kress, W. John, editors. 237–241.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne and Roalson, E. H. 2005. Methods in Molecular Evolution: Producing the Biochemical Data. Elsevier. In Methods in Enzymology.
  • Jaramillo, Maria Alejandra, Manos, P. S., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2004. "Phylogenetics of the perianthless Piperales: reconstructing the evolution of plant development." International Journal of Plant Sciences, 165, (3) 403–416.
  • Levin, R. A., Wagner, Warren L., Hoch, P. C., Hahn, W. J., Rodriquez, A., Baum, D. A., Katinas, L., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Sytsma, Kenneth J. 2004. "Paraphyly in Tribe Onagreae: Insights into phylogenetic relationships of Onagraceae based on nuclear and chloroplast sequence data." Systematic Botany, 29 147–164.
  • Skog, Judith E., Mickel, J. T., Moran, R. C., Volovsek, M., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2004. "Molecular studies of representative speicies in the fern genus Elaphoglossum (Dryopteridaceae) based on cpDNA sequences rbcL, trnL-F and rps4-trnS." International Journal of Plant Sciences, 165 1063–1075.
  • Allan, G. J., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Wagner, Warren L., and Sokoloff, D. D. 2003. "Molecular phylogenetic analysis of tribe Loteae (Fabaceae); Implications for classification and biogeography." In Advances in legume systematics, part 10, higher level systematic. Klitgaard, B. and Bruneau, A., editors. 371–393.
  • Clark, John L. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2003. "A preliminary phylogeny for Alloplectus (Gesneriaceae): Implications for the evolution of flower resupination." Systematic Botany, 28 365–375.
  • Kim, Hyi Gyung, Funk, Vicki Ann, Vlasek, A., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2003. "A Phylogeny of the Munnoziinae (Compositae, Liabeae): Circumscription of Munnozia and a new placement of M. perfoliata." Plant Systematics and Evolution, 239, (3) 171–186.
  • Levin, R. A., Wagner, Warren L., Hoch, P. C., Nepokroeff, M., Pires, J. C., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Sytsma, Kenneth J. 2003. "Family-level relationships of Onagraceae based on chloroplast rbcL and ndhF data." American Journal of Botany, 90 107–115.
  • Nepokroeff, M., Sytsma, Kenneth J., Wagner, Warren L., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2003. "Reconstructing ancestral patterns of colonization and dispersal in the Hawaiian understory tree genus Psychotria (Rubiaceae): A comparison of parsimony and likelihood approaches." Systematic Biology, 52 820–838.
  • Roalson, E. H., Skog, Laurence E., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2003. "Phylogenetic relationships and the diversitfication of floral form in Achimenes (Gesneriaceae)." Systematic Botany, 28 593–608.
  • Zanis, M., Soltis, P. S., Qiu, L., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Soltis, D. E. 2003. "Phylogenetic analyses and perianth evolution in basal angiosperms." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 90 129–150.
  • Gemmill, C. E., Allan, G., Wagner, Warren L., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2002. "Evolution of insular Pacific Pittosporum (Pittosporaceae): Origin of the Hawaiian radiation." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 22 31–42.
  • Pryer, Kathleen M., Schneider, Harald, Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Banks, Jo Ann. 2002. "Deciding among green plants for whole genome studies." Trends in Plant Sciences, 7, (12) 550–554. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1360-1385(02)02375-0.
  • Roalson, E. H., Senters, A. E., Skog, Laurence E., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2002. "A Morphological cladistic analysis of the neotropical flowering plant genus Gasteranthus (Gesneriaceae)." Systematic Botany, 27, (3) 573–591.
  • Skog, Laurence E., Roalson, E. H., Boggan, John K., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2002. "The changing relationships within the Gesnerioideae, particularly the Gloxinieae." Talk abstracts: Gesneriaceae Workshop, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 000.
  • Skog, Laurence E., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Mickel, J. T. 2002. "Additional support for two subgenera of the genus Anemia Swartz from preliminary data of the chloroplast gene trnL-F and morphology." The Fern Journal, 92 119–130.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Roalson, E. H., Skog, Laurence E., Boggan, John K., and Idnurm, A. 2002. "Phylogenetic relationships in the Gesnerioideae (Gesneriaceae) based on nrDNA ITS and cpDNA trnL-F and trnE-T spacer region sequences." American Journal of Botany, 89 296–311.
  • Kim, Hyi Gyung, Funk, Vicki Ann, Jansen, R. K., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2001. "Phylogenetic relationships of Mutisieae (Asteraceae) from the Guayana Highland." Abstracts: Botany, 121–121.
  • Kim, Hyi Gyung, Funk, Vicki Ann, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2001. "Molecular phylogenetics of the Liabeae (Asteraceae, Cichorioideae) based on ITS and ndhF sequences." Abstracts: Botany, 121–121.
  • Kress, W. John, Prince, L. M., Hahn, W. J., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2001. "Unraveling the evolutionary radiation of the families of the Zingiberales using morphological and molecular evidence." Systematic Biology, 50 926–944.
  • Hershkovitz, M. A. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2000. "Ribosomal DNA evidence for phylogeny and dispersal of Western American Portulaceae." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 15 419–439.
  • Karol, K. G., Suh, Y., Schatz, G., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2000. "Molecular evidence for the phylogenetic position of Takhtajania in the Winteraceae: Evidence from nuclear ribosomal and chloroplast gene spacers." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 87 414–432.
  • Qiu, Y. L., Lee, J., Bernasconi-Quadroni, F., Soltis, D. E., Soltis, P. S., Zanis, M., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Chen, Z., Savolainen, V., and Chase, M. 2000. "Phylogeny of basal angiosperms: Analyses of five genes from three genomes." Intl.Jnl.Plant Sci., 16 S3–S27.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Qiu, Y. L., Endress, P., and Friis, E. M. 2000. "Current perspectives on basal angiosperms." International Journal of Plant Sciences, 16 S1–S2.
  • Gemmill, C. E., Allan, G., Wagner, Warren L., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1999. "Phylogenetic relationships and breeding system evolution of insular Pacific Pittosporum (Pittosporaceae)." XVI International Botanical Congress-- Abstracts, 000.
  • Hershkovitz, M. A., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Hahn, W. J. 1999. "Ribosomal DNA and angiosperm systematics." In Molecular Systematics and Plant Evolution. Hollingsworth, P., Bateman, Richard M., and Gornall, R., editors. 268–326. Taylor & Francis, Inc.
  • Kim, Hyi Gyung, Funk, Vicki Ann, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1999. "Phylogenetic inferences in the Mutisieae." International Botanical Congress abstracts, 000.
  • Qiu, Y. L., Lee, J., Bernasconi-Quadroni, F., Soltis, D., Soltis, P., Zanis, M., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Chen, Z., Savolainen, V., and Chase, M. 1999. "The earliest angiosperms: Evidence from mitochondrial, plastid and nuclear genomes." Nature, 402 404–407.
  • Soltis, D. E., Mort, M. E., Soltis, P. S., Hibsch-Jetter, C., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Morgan, D. 1999. "Phylogenetic relationships of the enigmatic angiosperm family Podostemaceae inferred from 18S rDNA + rbcL sequence data." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 11, (2) 261–272.
  • Kuzoff, R., Sweere, J., Soltis, D., Soltis, P., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1998. "The phylogenetic potential of entire 26S rDNA sequences in plants." Molecular Biology and Evolution, 15 251–263.
  • Wen, Jun, Shi, S., Jansen, R. K., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1998. "Phylogeny and biogeography of Aralia sect. Aralia (Araliaceae)." American Journal of Botany, 85 866–875.
  • Conant, D. S., Raubeson, L. A., Attwood, D. K., Perera, S., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Sweere, J. A., and Stein, D. B. 1997. "Phylogenetic and evolutionary implications of combined analysis of cpDNA and morphology in the Cyatheaceae (Tree Ferns)." In Pteridology in Perspective. Camus, J., Gibby, M., and Johns, R., editors. 231–248.
  • Gemmill, C. E., Wagner, Warren L., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1997. "Evolution of Hawaiian Island and insular Pittosporum (Pittosporaceae) species as estimated by nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer sequences." American Journal of Botany, Supplement, 84, (6) 730.
  • Hershkovitz, M. A. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1997. "On the evolutionary origins of the cacti." Taxon, 46 217–232.
  • Soltis, D. E., Soltis, P. S., Nickrent, D. L., Johnson, L. A., Hahn, W. J., Hoot, S. B., Sweere, J. A., Kuzoff, R. K., Kron, K. A., Chase, Mark W., Swensen.S.M., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Chaw, S. M., Gillespie, L. J., Kress, W. John, and Sytsma, Kenneth J. 1997. "Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from 18S ribosomal DNA sequences." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 84 1–49.
  • Hershkovitz, M. A. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1996. "Conservation patterns in angiosperm rDNA-ITS2 sequences." Nucleic acids research, 24 2857–2867.
  • Hillis, D., Mable, B. K., Larson, A., Davis, S. K., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1996. "Nucleic Acids IV: Sequencing and Cloning." In Molecular Systematics, 2nd Edition. Hillis, D., Moritz, C., and Mable, B., editors. 321–381.
  • Wen, Jun, Jansen, R. K., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1996. "Phylogenetic relationships and DNA sequence divergence of eastern Asian and eastern North American disjunct plants." In Current Topics on Molecular Evolution. Nei, M. and Takahata, N., editors. 37–44.
  • Wen, Jun and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1996. "Phylogeny of Panax L. (the Ginseng Genus, Araliaceae): Inference from ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 5 167–177.
  • Bharathan and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1995. "Early branching events in monocotyledons--partial 18S ribosomal DNA sequence analysis." In Monocotyledons: Systematics and Evolution. Rudall, P., Cribb, P., Cutler, D., and Humphries, C., editors. 81–107.
  • Bult, C. J., Sweere, J. A., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1995. "Cryptic sequence simplicity, nucleotide composition bias, and molecular coevolution in the large subunit of ribosomal DNA in plants: implications for phylogenetic analysis." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 82 235–246.
  • Hahn, W. J., Sytsma, Kenneth J., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Wagner, Warren L. 1995. "Nuclear ribosomal ITS sequence phylogenetics of Oenothera (Onagraceae)." American Journal of Botany, Supplement, 82, (6) 133.
  • Kress, W. John, Hahn, W. J., Evans, T. M., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1995. "Unraveling the evolutionary radiation of the families of the Zingiberanae using morphological, molecular and fossil characters." Am.J.Bot., 82, (-) 142.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1995. "The new morphology: Integrative approaches." Aliso, 14 233–235.
  • Buchheim, M., McAuley, M., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Theriot, E. C., and Chapman, R. L. 1994. "Multiple origins of colonial green flagellates from unicells: evidence from molecular and organismal characters." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 3 322–343.
  • Doyle, J. A., Donoghue, M. J., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1994. "Integration of morphological and ribosomal RNA data on the origin of angiosperms." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 81 419–450.
  • Zechman, F. M., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Theriot, E. C. 1994. "Use of ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacers for phylogenetic studies in diatoms." Journal of Phycology, 30 507–512.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1994. "Perspectives on future applications of experimental biology to evolution." In Molecular Ecology and Evolution: Approaches and Applications. Schierwater, B., Streit, B., Wagner, G., and DeSalle, R., editors. 607–616.
  • Bult, C. J. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1993. "Nuclear ribosomal RNA sequences for inferring tribal relationships within Onagraceae." Systematic Botany, 18 48–63.
  • Duvall, M. R., Clegg, M. T., Chase, Mark W., Clark, W. D., Hills, H. G., Eguiarte, L. E., Smith, J. F., Gaut, B. S., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Learn, G. H. 1993. "Molecular phylogenies for the Monocotyledons constructed from rbcL sequence data." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 80 607–619.
  • Jupe, E. R. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1993. "Assaying differential ribosomal RNA gene expression with allele-specific probes." In Methods in Molecular Evolution: Producing the Biochemical Data. Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, White, T. J., Cann, R. L., and Wilson, A. C., editors. 541–552.
  • Jupe, E. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1993. "DNase I sensitive and undermethylated rDNA is preferentially expressed in a maize hybrid." Plant Molecular Biology, 21 805–821.
  • Pashley, D. P., McPheron, B. A., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1993. "Systematics of homometabolous insect orders based on 18S ribosomal RNA." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 2 132–142.
  • Smith, J. F., Kress, W. John, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1993. "Phylogenetic analysis of Zingiberales based on rcbL sequences." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 80 620–630.
  • Suh, Y., Thien, L., Reeve, H., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1993. "Molecular evolution and phylogenetic implications of internal transcribed spacer sequences of ribosomal DNA in Winteraceae." American Journal of Botany, 80 1042–1055.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, White, T. J., Cann, R. L., and Wilson, A. C. 1993. Methods in Molecular Evolution: Producing the Biochemical Data. Academic Press. In Methods in Enzymology.
  • Borden, C., Stine, J., Bateman, Richard M., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1992. "Knowledge collaboration in the Sciences: edited excerpts from a Simthsonian seminar series--part II: The Sciences." Knowledge: Creation, Diffusion, Utilization, 14 399–416.
  • Hamby, R. K. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1992. "Ribosomal RNA as a phylogenetic tool in plant systematics." In Molecular Systematics in Plants. Soltis, P., Soltis, D., and Doyle, J. J., editors. 50–91.
  • Suh, Y., Thein, L., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1992. "Nucleotide sequences of the internal transcribed spacers and 5.8S rRNA gene in Canella winterana (Magnoliales: Canellaceae)." Nucleic acids research, 20 6101–6102.
  • Maizels, N. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1991. "Genome structure and evolution: Editorial overview." Current Opinion in Genetics and Development, 1 447–450.
  • Arnold, M. L., Bennett, B. D., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1990. "Natural hybridization between Iris fulva and Iris hexagona: Pattern of ribosomal DNA variations." Evolution, 44 1512–1521.
  • Buchheim, M. A., Turmel, M., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Chapman, R. L. 1990. "Phylogeny of Chlamydomonas (Chlorophyta): an investigation based on cladistic analysis of nuclear 18S rRNA sequence data." Journal of Phycology, 26 689–699.
  • Crisci, J. V., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Hoch, P. C., Johnson, G. B., Mudd, C., and Pan, N. S. 1990. "Phylogenetic implications of ribosomal DNA restriction site variation in the plant family Onagraceae." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 77 523–538.
  • Hillis, D., Davis, S. K., Larson, L. A., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1990. "Nucleic Acids III. Sequencing." In Molecular Systematics. Hillis, D. and Moritz, C., editors. 318–370.
  • Jupe, E. R. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1990. "Unmethylated regions in the intergenic spacers of maize and teosinte ribosomal RNA genes." Plant Molecular Biology, 14 333–347.
  • Jupe, E. R. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1990. "Unmethylated Regions in rRNA Genes." Rice Biotech.Quarterly, 1 26.
  • Kantz, T. S., Theriot, E. C., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Chapman, R. L. 1990. "The Pleurastrophyceae and Micromonadophyceae: a cladistic analysis of nuclear rRNA sequence data." Journal of Phycology, 26 711–721.
  • Knaak, C., Hamby, R. K., Arnold, M. L., LeBlanc, M. D., Chapman, R. L., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1990. "Ribosomal DNA variation and its use in plant biosystematics." In Proceedings of the Fourth IOPB Congress. Shoichi, Kawano, editor. 135–158.
  • Penny, D., Hendy, M. D., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Hamby, R. K. 1990. "Trees from sequences: Panacea or Pandora's box?" Australian Systematic Botany, 3 21–38.
  • Zechman, F. W., Theriot, E. C., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Chapman, R. L. 1990. "Phylogeny of the Ulvophyceae (Chorophyta): Cladistic analysis of nuclear-encoded rRNA sequence data." Journal of Phycology, 26 700–710.
  • Springer, P., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Bennetzen, J. L. 1989. "Genomic organization of the ribosomal DNA of sorghum and its close relatives." Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 77 844–850.
  • Hamby, R. K., Sims, L., Issel, L., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1988. "Direct ribosomal RNA sequencing: Optimization of extraction and sequencing methods for work with higher plants." Pl.Molec.Biol.Reporter, 6 179–197.
  • Hamby, R. K. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1988. "Ribosomal RNA sequences for inferring phylogeny within the grass family (Poaceae)." Plant Systematics and Evolution, 160 29–37.
  • Jupe, E. R., Chapman, R. L., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1988. "Nuclear ribosomal RNA genes and algal phylogeny: The Chlamydomonas example." Bio Systems, 21 223–230.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Jupe, E. R., and Walbot, V. E. 1988. "Ribosomal gene structure, variation and inheritance in maize and its ancestors." Genetics, 120 320–334.
  • DeSalle, R., Slightom, J., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1986. "Ribosomal DNA polymorphism is associated with the abnormal abnormal syndrome in Drosophila mercatorum." Genetics, 112 861–875.
  • Goldblatt, P., Walbot, V., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1984. "Estimation of DNA content per cell (C-value) in Iridaceae by cytophotometry." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 71 176–180.
  • Rivin, C., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Cullis, C., Walbot, V., Huynh, T., and Davis, R. W. 1983. "Evaluation of genomic variability at the nucleic acid level." Pl.Molec.Biol.Reporter, 1 9–16.
  • Rivin, C., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Walbot, V. 1982. "Isolation of DNA and DNA recombinants from maize." In Maize for Biological Research. Sheridan, W. F., editor. 161–164.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne and Newton, K. 1982. "A simple method for the isolation of high molecular weight DNA from individual maize seedlings and tissues." In Maize for Biological Research. Sheridan, W. F., editor. 165–168.
  • Martin, S., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Davidson, W., Wilson, A. C., and Kan, Y. W. 1981. "The untranslated regions of beta globin mRNA evolve at a functional rate in higher primates." Cell, 25 737–741.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Rivin, C., and Walbot, V. 1981. "A DNA isolation procedure suitable for most higher plant species." Pl.Molec.Biol.Newslett., 2 93–96.
  • Arnheim, N., Krystal, M., Schmickel, R., Wilson, G., Ryder, O., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1980. "Molecular evidence for genetic exchanges among ribosomal genes on nonhomologous chromosomes in man and apes." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 77 7323–7327.
  • Martin, Sandra L., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Kan, Y. W., and Wilson, Allan C. 1980. "Silent ?-globin gene in Old World monkeys." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 77, (6) 3563–3566.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Martin, S., Beverley, S., Kan, Y. W., and Wilson, A. C. 1980. "Rapid duplication and loss of the genes coding for the alpha chains of hemoglobin." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 77 2158–2162.
  • Anderson, M., McCarty, R. E., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1974. "Role of galactolipids in spinach chloroplast lamellar membranes. I. Partial purification of a bean leaf galactolipid lipase and its action on chloroplast particles." Pl.Physiol., 53 699–704.

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