Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Elizabeth (Liz) Zimmer

Research Botanist (various land plant groups)
Department / Division
Education
  • B.A., Cornell University
  • Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley
Research Interests
The majority of Zimmer's present research projects deal with studies of the pattern and process of molecular evolution in green plants. When she began her postdoctoral work in 1980, she developed nuclear ribosomal genes as a good model for both phylogenetic and evolutionary process studies. At the Smithsonian, this work has continued to use ribosomal and chloroplast gene markers for molecular systematic studies of key groups such as the Isoetes, ferns, Gesneriaceae, several Pacific genera including Rutaceae, and the grape family, Vitaceae. These projects have involved graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and curators in the Department of Botany at NMNH (P. Schafran, J. Skog, L. Skog, W. Wagner, and J. Wen, respectively). Additionally, we have used microsatellite profiling for application to species and population level questions with colleagues including graduate students from Johns Hopkins and the University of Maryland. Most recently, we have begun using Next Generation DNA Sequencing techniques (transcriptomatics, genome skimming and target capture) to resolve evolutionary relationships among some of those species groups.
Publications
Article
  • Shivakumar, Vikram S., Appelhans, Marc S., Johnson, Gabriel, Carlsen, Monica, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2017. "Analysis of whole chloroplast genomes from the genera of the Clauseneae, the curry tribe (Rutaceae, Citrus family)." Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 117:135–140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.12.015
  • Siegel, Chloe S., Stevenson, Florence O., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2017. "Evaluation and comparison of FTA card and CTAB DNA extraction methods for non-agricultural taxa." Applications in Plant Sciences 5 (2):https://doi.org/10.3732/apps.1600109
  • Wen, Jun, Harris, Aj, Ickert-Bond, Stefanie, Dikow, Rebecca B., Wurdack, Kenneth J., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2017. "Developing integrative systematics in the informatics and genomic era, and calling for a global Biodiversity Cyberbank." Journal of Systematics and Evolution 55 (4):308–321. https://doi.org/10.1111/jse.12270
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne and Wildman, Derek E. 2017. "Editorial for 25th Anniversary Issue of Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 117:1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2017.10.024
  • Martin, Michael D., Olsen, Morten Tange, Samaniego, Jose A., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Gilbert, M. T. 2016. "The population genomic basis of geographic differentiation in North American common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.)." Ecology and Evolution 6 (11):3760–3771. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.2143
  • Zhang, Ning, Wen, Jun, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2016. "Correction: Congruent Deep Relationships in the Grape Family (Vitaceae) Based on Sequences of Chloroplast Genomes and Mitochondrial Genes via Genome Skimming." PLOS ONE 11 (3):1. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152059
  • Zhang, Ning, Wen, Jun, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2016. "Another look at the phylogenetic position of the grape order Vitales: Chloroplast phylogenomics with an expanded sampling of key lineages." Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 101:216–223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.04.034
  • Zhou, Juannan, Dudash, Michele R., Fenster, Charles B., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2016. "Development of Highly Variable Microsatellite Markers for the Tetraploid Silene stellata (Caryophyllaceae)." Applications in Plant Sciences 4 (12):1600117. https://doi.org/10.3732/apps.1600117
  • Budd, Cara, Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Freeland, Joanna R. 2015. "Conservation genetics of Magnolia acuminata, an endangered species in Canada: Can genetic diversity be maintained in fragmented, peripheral populations?." Conservation Genetics 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10592-015-0746-9
  • Wen, Jun, Liu, Jianquan, Ge, Song, Xiang, Qiu-Yun (Jenny), and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2015. "Phylogenomic approaches to deciphering the tree of life." Journal of Systematics and Evolution 53 (5):369–370. https://doi.org/10.1111/jse.12175
  • Zhang, Ning, Wen, Jun, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2015. "Congruent Deep Relationships in the Grape Family (Vitaceae) Based on Sequences of Chloroplast Genomes and Mitochondrial Genes via Genome Skimming." PLOS ONE 10 (12):1–12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144701
  • Zhang, Ning, Wen, Jun, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2015. "Expression patterns of AP1, FUL, FT and LEAFY orthologs in Vitaceae support the homology of tendrils and inflorescences throughout the grape family." Journal of Systematics and Evolution 53 (5):469–476. https://doi.org/10.1111/jse.12138
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne and Wen, Jun. 2015. "Using nuclear gene data for plant phylogenetics: Progress and prospects II. Next-gen approaches." Journal of Systematics and Evolution 53 (5):371–379. https://doi.org/10.1111/jse.12174
  • Appelhans, Marc S., Wen, Jun, Wood, Kenneth R., Allan, Gerard J., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Wagner, Warren L. 2014. "Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Hawaiian Rutaceae (Melicope, Platydesma and Zanthoxylum) and their different colonization patterns." Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 174 (3):425–448. https://doi.org/10.1111/boj.12123
  • Martin, Michael D., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Olsen, Morten T., Foote, Andrew D., Gilbert, M. T., and Brush, Grace S. 2014. "Herbarium specimens reveal a historical shift in phylogeographic structure of common ragweed during native range disturbance." Molecular ecology 23 (7):1701–1716. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.12675
  • Wen, Jun, Xiong, Zhiqiang, Nie, Ze-Long, Mao, Likai, Zhu, Yabing, Kan, Xian-Zhao, Ickert-Bond, Stefanie, Gerrath, Jean, Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Fang, Xiao-Dong. 2013. "Transcriptome Sequences Resolve Deep Relationships of the Grape Family." PLoS ONE 8 (9):e74394. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074394
  • Sessa, Emily B., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Givnish, Thomas J. 2012. "Reticulate evolution on a global scale: A nuclear phylogeny for New World Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae)." Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 64 (3):563–581. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2012.05.009
  • Sessa, Emily B., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Givnish, Thomas J. 2012. "Phylogeny, Divergence Times, and Historical Biogeography of New World Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae)." American Journal of Botany 99 (4):730–750. https://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.1100294
  • Sessa, Emily B., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Givnish, Thomas J. 2012. "Unraveling reticulate evolution in North American Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae)." BMC Evolutionary Biology 12:104. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-12-104
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Suh, Youngbae, and Karol, Kenneth G. 2012. "Phylogenetic placement of a recently described taxon of the genus Pleodendron (Canellaceae)." Phytologia 94 (3):400–408.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne and Wen, Jun. 2012. "Using nuclear gene data for plant phylogenetics: progress and prospects." Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 65 (2):774–785. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2012.07.015
  • Bacon, Christine D., Allan, Gerard J., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Wagner, Warren L. 2011. "Genome scans reveal high levels of gene flow in Hawaiian Pittosporum." Taxon 60:733–741.
  • Harbaugh Reynaud, Danica, Nepokroeff, Molly, Rabeler, Richard K., McNeill, John, Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Wagner, Warren L. 2010. "A New Lineage-Based Tribal Classification of the Family Caryophyllaceae." International Journal of Plant Sciences 171 (2):185–198. https://doi.org/10.1086/648993
  • Martén-Rodríguez, Silvana, Fenster, Charles B., Agnarsson, Ingi, Skog, Laurence E., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2010. "Evolutionary breakdown of pollination specialization in a Caribbean plant radiation." New Phytologist 188 (2):403–417. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03330.x
  • Harbaugh Reynaud, Danica, Wagner, Warren L., Allan, Gerard J., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2009. "The Hawaiian Archipelago is a stepping stone for dispersal in the Pacific: an example from the plant genus Melicope (Rutaceae)." Journal of Biogeography 36 (2):230–241. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2008.02008.x
  • Rasmussen, David A., Kramer, Elena M., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2009. "One size fits all? Molecular evidence for a commonly inherited petal identity program in Ranunculales." American Journal of Botany 96 (1):96–109.
  • Nie, Ze-Long, Wen, Jun, Azuma, Hiroshi, Qiu, Yin-Long, Sun, Hang, Meng, Ying, Sun, Wei-Bang, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2008. "Phylogenetic and biogeographic complexity of Magnoliaceae in the Northern Hemisphere inferred from three nuclear data sets." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48 (3):1027–1040. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2008.06.004
  • Roalson, E. H., Skog, Laurence E., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2008. "Untangling Gloxinieae (Gesneriaceae). II. Reconstructing biogeographic patterns and estimating divergence times among new world continental and island lineages." Systematic Botany 33 (1):159–175. https://doi.org/10.1600/036364408783887429
  • Applequist, W. L., Wagner, Warren L., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Nepokroeff, M. 2006. "Molecular Evidence Resolving the Systematic Position of Hectorella (Portulacaceae)." Systematic Botany 31:310–319.
  • Clark, John L., Herendeen, Paterick, Skog, Laurence E., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2006. "Phylogenetic relationships and generic boundaries in the Episcieae (Gesneriaceae) inferred from nuclear, chloroplast, and morphological data." Taxon 55 (2):313–336. https://doi.org/10.2307/25065580
  • Kramer, E. M. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2006. "Gene duplication and floral developmental genetics of basic eudicots." Advances in Botanical Research 44:352–381.
  • Whittall, J. B., Medina-Moreno, A., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Hodges, S. A. 2006. "Generating single-copy nuclear gene data for a recent adaptive radiation." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39 (1):124–134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2005.10.010
  • Kress, W. John, Wurdack, Kenneth J., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Weigt, Lee A., and Janzen, Daniel H. 2005. "Use of DNA barcodes to identify flowering plants." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102:8369–8374.
  • Nepokroeff, M., Wagner, Warren L., Soltis, P. S., Weller, S. G., Soltis, D. E., Sakai, A. K., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2005. "Phylogeny [of Schiedea]." Systematic Botany Monographs 72:13–20.
  • Roalson, E. H., Boggan, John K., Skog, Laurence E., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2005. "Untangling Gloxinieae (Gesneriaceae). I. Phylogenetic patterns and generic boundaries inferred from nuclear, chloroplast, and morphological cladistic datasets." Taxon 54 (2):289–310.
  • Jaramillo, Maria Alejandra, Manos, P. S., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2004. "Phylogenetics of the perianthless Piperales: reconstructing the evolution of plant development." International Journal of Plant Sciences 165 (3):403–416.
  • Levin, R. A., Wagner, Warren L., Hoch, P. C., Hahn, W. J., Rodriquez, A., Baum, D. A., Katinas, L., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Sytsma, Kenneth J. 2004. "Paraphyly in Tribe Onagreae: Insights into phylogenetic relationships of Onagraceae based on nuclear and chloroplast sequence data." Systematic Botany 29:147–164.
  • Skog, Judith E., Mickel, J. T., Moran, R. C., Volovsek, M., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2004. "Molecular studies of representative speicies in the fern genus Elaphoglossum (Dryopteridaceae) based on cpDNA sequences rbcL, trnL-F and rps4-trnS." International Journal of Plant Sciences 165:1063–1075.
  • Clark, John L. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2003. "A preliminary phylogeny for Alloplectus (Gesneriaceae): Implications for the evolution of flower resupination." Systematic Botany 28:365–375.
  • Kim, Hyi Gyung, Funk, Vicki Ann, Vlasek, A., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2003. "A Phylogeny of the Munnoziinae (Compositae, Liabeae): Circumscription of Munnozia and a new placement of M. perfoliata." Plant Systematics and Evolution 239 (3):171–186.
  • Levin, R. A., Wagner, Warren L., Hoch, P. C., Nepokroeff, M., Pires, J. C., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Sytsma, Kenneth J. 2003. "Family-level relationships of Onagraceae based on chloroplast rbcL and ndhF data." American Journal of Botany 90:107–115.
  • Nepokroeff, M., Sytsma, Kenneth J., Wagner, Warren L., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2003. "Reconstructing ancestral patterns of colonization and dispersal in the Hawaiian understory tree genus Psychotria (Rubiaceae): A comparison of parsimony and likelihood approaches." Systematic Biology 52:820–838.
  • Roalson, E. H., Skog, Laurence E., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2003. "Phylogenetic relationships and the diversitfication of floral form in Achimenes (Gesneriaceae)." Systematic Botany 28:593–608.
  • Zanis, M., Soltis, P. S., Qiu, L., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Soltis, D. E. 2003. "Phylogenetic analyses and perianth evolution in basal angiosperms." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 90:129–150.
  • Gemmill, C. E., Allan, G., Wagner, Warren L., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2002. "Evolution of insular Pacific Pittosporum (Pittosporaceae): Origin of the Hawaiian radiation." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22:31–42.
  • Pryer, Kathleen M., Schneider, Harald, Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Banks, Jo Ann. 2002. "Deciding among green plants for whole genome studies." Trends in Plant Sciences 7 (12):550–554. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1360-1385(02)02375-0
  • Roalson, E. H., Senters, A. E., Skog, Laurence E., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2002. "A Morphological cladistic analysis of the neotropical flowering plant genus Gasteranthus (Gesneriaceae)." Systematic Botany 27 (3):573–591.
  • Skog, Laurence E., Roalson, E. H., Boggan, John K., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2002. "The changing relationships within the Gesnerioideae, particularly the Gloxinieae." Talk abstracts: Gesneriaceae Workshop, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh 000.
  • Skog, Laurence E., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Mickel, J. T. 2002. "Additional support for two subgenera of the genus Anemia Swartz from preliminary data of the chloroplast gene trnL-F and morphology." The Fern Journal 92:119–130.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Roalson, E. H., Skog, Laurence E., Boggan, John K., and Idnurm, A. 2002. "Phylogenetic relationships in the Gesnerioideae (Gesneriaceae) based on nrDNA ITS and cpDNA trnL-F and trnE-T spacer region sequences." American Journal of Botany 89:296–311.
  • Kress, W. John, Prince, L. M., Hahn, W. J., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2001. "Unraveling the evolutionary radiation of the families of the Zingiberales using morphological and molecular evidence." Systematic Biology 50:926–944.
  • Hershkovitz, M. A. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2000. "Ribosomal DNA evidence for phylogeny and dispersal of Western American Portulaceae." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 15:419–439.
  • Karol, K. G., Suh, Y., Schatz, G., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2000. "Molecular evidence for the phylogenetic position of Takhtajania in the Winteraceae: Evidence from nuclear ribosomal and chloroplast gene spacers." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 87:414–432.
  • Qiu, Y. L., Lee, J., Bernasconi-Quadroni, F., Soltis, D. E., Soltis, P. S., Zanis, M., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Chen, Z., Savolainen, V., and Chase, M. 2000. "Phylogeny of basal angiosperms: Analyses of five genes from three genomes." Intl.Jnl.Plant Sci. 16:S3–S27.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Qiu, Y. L., Endress, P., and Friis, E. M. 2000. "Current perspectives on basal angiosperms." International Journal of Plant Sciences 16:S1–S2.
  • Gemmill, C. E., Allan, G., Wagner, Warren L., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1999. "Phylogenetic relationships and breeding system evolution of insular Pacific Pittosporum (Pittosporaceae)." XVI International Botanical Congress-- Abstracts 000.
  • Kim, Hyi Gyung, Funk, Vicki Ann, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1999. "Phylogenetic inferences in the Mutisieae." International Botanical Congress abstracts 000.
  • Qiu, Y. L., Lee, J., Bernasconi-Quadroni, F., Soltis, D., Soltis, P., Zanis, M., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Chen, Z., Savolainen, V., and Chase, M. 1999. "The earliest angiosperms: Evidence from mitochondrial, plastid and nuclear genomes." Nature 402:404–407.
  • Soltis, D. E., Mort, M. E., Soltis, P. S., Hibsch-Jetter, C., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Morgan, D. 1999. "Phylogenetic relationships of the enigmatic angiosperm family Podostemaceae inferred from 18S rDNA + rbcL sequence data." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 11 (2):261–272.
  • Kuzoff, R., Sweere, J., Soltis, D., Soltis, P., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1998. "The phylogenetic potential of entire 26S rDNA sequences in plants." Molecular Biology and Evolution 15:251–263.
  • Wen, Jun, Shi, S., Jansen, R. K., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1998. "Phylogeny and biogeography of Aralia sect. Aralia (Araliaceae)." American Journal of Botany 85:866–875.
  • Gemmill, C. E., Wagner, Warren L., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1997. "Evolution of Hawaiian Island and insular Pittosporum (Pittosporaceae) species as estimated by nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer sequences." American Journal of Botany, Supplement 84 (6):730.
  • Hershkovitz, M. A. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1997. "On the evolutionary origins of the cacti." Taxon 46:217–232.
  • Soltis, D. E., Soltis, P. S., Nickrent, D. L., Johnson, L. A., Hahn, W. J., Hoot, S. B., Sweere, J. A., Kuzoff, R. K., Kron, K. A., Chase, Mark W., Swensen.S.M., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Chaw, S. M., Gillespie, L. J., Kress, W. John, and Sytsma, Kenneth J. 1997. "Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from 18S ribosomal DNA sequences." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 84:1–49.
  • Hershkovitz, M. A. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1996. "Conservation patterns in angiosperm rDNA-ITS2 sequences." Nucleic acids research 24:2857–2867.
  • Wen, Jun and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1996. "Phylogeny of Panax L. (the Ginseng Genus, Araliaceae): Inference from ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 5:167–177.
  • Bult, C. J., Sweere, J. A., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1995. "Cryptic sequence simplicity, nucleotide composition bias, and molecular coevolution in the large subunit of ribosomal DNA in plants: implications for phylogenetic analysis." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 82:235–246.
  • Hahn, W. J., Sytsma, Kenneth J., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Wagner, Warren L. 1995. "Nuclear ribosomal ITS sequence phylogenetics of Oenothera (Onagraceae)." American Journal of Botany, Supplement 82 (6):133.
  • Kress, W. John, Hahn, W. J., Evans, T. M., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1995. "Unraveling the evolutionary radiation of the families of the Zingiberanae using morphological, molecular and fossil characters." Am.J.Bot. 82 (-):142.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1995. "The new morphology: Integrative approaches." Aliso 14:233–235.
  • Buchheim, M., McAuley, M., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Theriot, E. C., and Chapman, R. L. 1994. "Multiple origins of colonial green flagellates from unicells: evidence from molecular and organismal characters." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 3:322–343.
  • Doyle, J. A., Donoghue, M. J., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1994. "Integration of morphological and ribosomal RNA data on the origin of angiosperms." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 81:419–450.
  • Zechman, F. M., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Theriot, E. C. 1994. "Use of ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacers for phylogenetic studies in diatoms." Journal of Phycology 30:507–512.
  • Bult, C. J. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1993. "Nuclear ribosomal RNA sequences for inferring tribal relationships within Onagraceae." Systematic Botany 18:48–63.
  • Duvall, M. R., Clegg, M. T., Chase, Mark W., Clark, W. D., Hills, H. G., Eguiarte, L. E., Smith, J. F., Gaut, B. S., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Learn, G. H. 1993. "Molecular phylogenies for the Monocotyledons constructed from rbcL sequence data." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 80:607–619.
  • Jupe, E. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1993. "DNase I sensitive and undermethylated rDNA is preferentially expressed in a maize hybrid." Plant Molecular Biology 21:805–821.
  • Pashley, D. P., McPheron, B. A., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1993. "Systematics of homometabolous insect orders based on 18S ribosomal RNA." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 2:132–142.
  • Smith, J. F., Kress, W. John, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1993. "Phylogenetic analysis of Zingiberales based on rcbL sequences." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 80:620–630.
  • Suh, Y., Thien, L., Reeve, H., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1993. "Molecular evolution and phylogenetic implications of internal transcribed spacer sequences of ribosomal DNA in Winteraceae." American Journal of Botany 80:1042–1055.
  • Borden, C., Stine, J., Bateman, Richard M., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1992. "Knowledge collaboration in the Sciences: edited excerpts from a Simthsonian seminar series--part II: The Sciences." Knowledge: Creation, Diffusion, Utilization 14:399–416.
  • Suh, Y., Thein, L., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1992. "Nucleotide sequences of the internal transcribed spacers and 5.8S rRNA gene in Canella winterana (Magnoliales: Canellaceae)." Nucleic acids research 20:6101–6102.
  • Maizels, N. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1991. "Genome structure and evolution: Editorial overview." Current Opinion in Genetics and Development 1:447–450.
  • Arnold, M. L., Bennett, B. D., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1990. "Natural hybridization between Iris fulva and Iris hexagona: Pattern of ribosomal DNA variations." Evolution 44:1512–1521.
  • Buchheim, M. A., Turmel, M., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Chapman, R. L. 1990. "Phylogeny of Chlamydomonas (Chlorophyta): an investigation based on cladistic analysis of nuclear 18S rRNA sequence data." Journal of Phycology 26:689–699.
  • Crisci, J. V., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Hoch, P. C., Johnson, G. B., Mudd, C., and Pan, N. S. 1990. "Phylogenetic implications of ribosomal DNA restriction site variation in the plant family Onagraceae." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 77:523–538.
  • Jupe, E. R. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1990. "Unmethylated regions in the intergenic spacers of maize and teosinte ribosomal RNA genes." Plant Molecular Biology 14:333–347.
  • Jupe, E. R. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1990. "Unmethylated Regions in rRNA Genes." Rice Biotech.Quarterly 1:26.
  • Kantz, T. S., Theriot, E. C., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Chapman, R. L. 1990. "The Pleurastrophyceae and Micromonadophyceae: a cladistic analysis of nuclear rRNA sequence data." Journal of Phycology 26:711–721.
  • Penny, D., Hendy, M. D., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Hamby, R. K. 1990. "Trees from sequences: Panacea or Pandora's box?." Australian Systematic Botany 3:21–38.
  • Zechman, F. W., Theriot, E. C., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Chapman, R. L. 1990. "Phylogeny of the Ulvophyceae (Chorophyta): Cladistic analysis of nuclear-encoded rRNA sequence data." Journal of Phycology 26:700–710.
  • Springer, P., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Bennetzen, J. L. 1989. "Genomic organization of the ribosomal DNA of sorghum and its close relatives." Theoretical and Applied Genetics 77:844–850.
  • Hamby, R. K., Sims, L., Issel, L., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1988. "Direct ribosomal RNA sequencing: Optimization of extraction and sequencing methods for work with higher plants." Pl.Molec.Biol.Reporter 6:179–197.
  • Hamby, R. K. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1988. "Ribosomal RNA sequences for inferring phylogeny within the grass family (Poaceae)." Plant Systematics and Evolution 160:29–37.
  • Jupe, E. R., Chapman, R. L., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1988. "Nuclear ribosomal RNA genes and algal phylogeny: The Chlamydomonas example." Bio Systems 21:223–230.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Jupe, E. R., and Walbot, V. E. 1988. "Ribosomal gene structure, variation and inheritance in maize and its ancestors." Genetics 120:320–334.
  • DeSalle, R., Slightom, J., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1986. "Ribosomal DNA polymorphism is associated with the abnormal abnormal syndrome in Drosophila mercatorum." Genetics 112:861–875.
  • Goldblatt, P., Walbot, V., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1984. "Estimation of DNA content per cell (C-value) in Iridaceae by cytophotometry." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 71:176–180.
  • Rivin, C., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Cullis, C., Walbot, V., Huynh, T., and Davis, R. W. 1983. "Evaluation of genomic variability at the nucleic acid level." Pl.Molec.Biol.Reporter 1:9–16.
  • Martin, S., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Davidson, W., Wilson, A. C., and Kan, Y. W. 1981. "The untranslated regions of beta globin mRNA evolve at a functional rate in higher primates." Cell 25:737–741.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Rivin, C., and Walbot, V. 1981. "A DNA isolation procedure suitable for most higher plant species." Pl.Molec.Biol.Newslett. 2:93–96.
  • Arnheim, N., Krystal, M., Schmickel, R., Wilson, G., Ryder, O., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1980. "Molecular evidence for genetic exchanges among ribosomal genes on nonhomologous chromosomes in man and apes." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 77:7323–7327.
  • Martin, Sandra L., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Kan, Y. W., and Wilson, Allan C. 1980. "Silent ?-globin gene in Old World monkeys." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 77 (6):3563–3566.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Martin, S., Beverley, S., Kan, Y. W., and Wilson, A. C. 1980. "Rapid duplication and loss of the genes coding for the alpha chains of hemoglobin." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 77:2158–2162.
  • Anderson, M., McCarty, R. E., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1974. "Role of galactolipids in spinach chloroplast lamellar membranes. I. Partial purification of a bean leaf galactolipid lipase and its action on chloroplast particles." Pl.Physiol. 53:699–704.

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Dataset
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, Pedro, Wurdack, Kenneth J., Ferrucci, M. S., Johnson, Gabriel, Dias, Pedro, Coelho, Rubens G., Somner, Genise V., Steinmann, Victor W., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Strong, Mark T. 2017. [Dataset] "Generic Relationships and Classification of Tribe Paullinieae (Sapindaceae) with a New Concept of Supertribe Paulliniodae." Distributed by
Chapter
  • Wen, Jun, Egan, Ashley N., Dikow, Rebecca B., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2015. "Utility of transcriptome sequencing for phylogenetic inference and character evolution." in Next-generation sequencing in plant systematics, edited by Hörandl, E. and Appelhans, M. S., 51–91. International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT). https://doi.org/10.14630/000003
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2005. "Preface." in Methods in Molecular Evolution: Producing the Biochemical Data, part B, edited by Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne and Roalson, E. H., xv.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2005. "Genetic assessment methods for plant conservation biology." in Plant Conservation: A Natural History Approach, edited by Krupnick, Gary A. and Kress, W. John., 237–241.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2005. "Preface." in Methods in Molecular Evolution: Producing the Biochemical Data, part B, edited by Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne and Roalson, E. H., xv.
  • Allan, G. J., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Wagner, Warren L., and Sokoloff, D. D. 2003. "Molecular phylogenetic analysis of tribe Loteae (Fabaceae); Implications for classification and biogeography." in Advances in legume systematics, part 10, higher level systematic, edited by Klitgaard, B. and Bruneau, A., 371–393.
  • Hershkovitz, M. A., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Hahn, W. J. 1999. "Ribosomal DNA and angiosperm systematics." in Molecular Systematics and Plant Evolution, edited by Hollingsworth, P., Bateman, Richard M., and Gornall, R., 268–326. Taylor & Francis, Inc.
  • Conant, D. S., Raubeson, L. A., Attwood, D. K., Perera, S., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Sweere, J. A., and Stein, D. B. 1997. "Phylogenetic and evolutionary implications of combined analysis of cpDNA and morphology in the Cyatheaceae (Tree Ferns)." in Pteridology in Perspective, edited by Camus, J., Gibby, M., and Johns, R., 231–248.
  • Hillis, D., Mable, B. K., Larson, A., Davis, S. K., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1996. "Nucleic Acids IV: Sequencing and Cloning." in Molecular Systematics, 2nd Edition, edited by Hillis, D., Moritz, C., and Mable, B., 321–381.
  • Wen, Jun, Jansen, R. K., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1996. "Phylogenetic relationships and DNA sequence divergence of eastern Asian and eastern North American disjunct plants." in Current Topics on Molecular Evolution, edited by Nei, M. and Takahata, N., 37–44.
  • Bharathan and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1995. "Early branching events in monocotyledons--partial 18S ribosomal DNA sequence analysis." in Monocotyledons: Systematics and Evolution, edited by Rudall, P., Cribb, P., Cutler, D., and Humphries, C., 81–107.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1994. "Perspectives on future applications of experimental biology to evolution." in Molecular Ecology and Evolution: Approaches and Applications, edited by Schierwater, B., Streit, B., Wagner, G., and DeSalle, R., 607–616.
  • Bowditch, B. M., Albright, D. G., Williams, J. G. K., and Braun, Michael J. 1993. "The use of randomly amplified polymorphic DNA markers in comparative genome studies." in Molecular Evolution: Producing the Biochemical Data (Methods in Enzymology 224.), edited by Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Cann, R. L., and Wilson, A. C., 294–309. San Diego: Academic Press.
  • Jupe, E. R. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1993. "Assaying differential ribosomal RNA gene expression with allele-specific probes." in Methods in Molecular Evolution: Producing the Biochemical Data, edited by Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, White, T. J., Cann, R. L., and Wilson, A. C., 541–552.
  • Jupe, E. R. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1993. "Assaying differential ribosomal RNA gene expression with allele-specific probes." in Methods in Molecular Evolution: Producing the Biochemical Data, edited by Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, White, T. J., Cann, R. L., and Wilson, A. C., 541–552.
  • Suh, Y. B., Blake, J. A., and Braun, Michael J. 1993. "Equipping and organizing a molecular systematics laboratory." in Molecular Evolution: Producing the Biochemical Data (Methods in Enzymology 224.), edited by Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, Cann, R. L., and Wilson, A. C., 3–22. San Diego: Academic Press.
  • Tuross, Noreen C. and Stathoplos, Linda. 1993. "Ancient Proteins in Fossil Bones." in Methods in Enzymology, edited by Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, White, T. J., Cann, R. L., and Wilson, A. C., 121–129. Academic Press.
  • Hamby, R. K. and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1992. "Ribosomal RNA as a phylogenetic tool in plant systematics." in Molecular Systematics in Plants, edited by Soltis, P., Soltis, D., and Doyle, J. J., 50–91.
  • Hillis, D., Davis, S. K., Larson, L. A., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1990. "Nucleic Acids III. Sequencing." in Molecular Systematics, edited by Hillis, D. and Moritz, C., 318–370.
  • Knaak, C., Hamby, R. K., Arnold, M. L., LeBlanc, M. D., Chapman, R. L., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 1990. "Ribosomal DNA variation and its use in plant biosystematics." in Proceedings of the Fourth IOPB Congress, edited by Shoichi, Kawano., 135–158.
  • Rivin, C., Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, and Walbot, V. 1982. "Isolation of DNA and DNA recombinants from maize." in Maize for Biological Research, edited by Sheridan, W. F., 161–164.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne and Newton, K. 1982. "A simple method for the isolation of high molecular weight DNA from individual maize seedlings and tissues." in Maize for Biological Research, edited by Sheridan, W. F., 165–168.

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Book
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne and Roalson, E. H. 2005. Methods in Molecular Evolution: Producing the Biochemical Data. Elsevier.
  • Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne, White, T. J., Cann, R. L., and Wilson, A. C. 1993. Methods in Molecular Evolution: Producing the Biochemical Data. Academic Press.
Abstract
  • Kim, Hyi Gyung, Funk, Vicki Ann, Jansen, R. K., and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2001. "Phylogenetic relationships of Mutisieae (Asteraceae) from the Guayana Highland." Abstracts: Botany 121–121.
  • Kim, Hyi Gyung, Funk, Vicki Ann, and Zimmer, Elizabeth Anne. 2001. "Molecular phylogenetics of the Liabeae (Asteraceae, Cichorioideae) based on ITS and ndhF sequences." Abstracts: Botany 121–121.