Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Elizabeth Cottrell

Research Geologist; Curator-in-Charge of Rocks and Ores; co-Director of NSF REU Site: NHRE
Department / Division
Education
  • B.S., Brown University
  • Ph.D., Columbia University
Research Interests

experimental geochemistry and petrology, volcanology.

Publications
Article
  • Le Voyer, Marion, Hauri, Erik H., Cottrell, Elizabeth, Kelley, Katherine A., Salters, Vincent J. M., Langmuir, Charles H., Hilton, David R., Barry, Peter H., and Fueri, Evelyn. 2019. "Carbon Fluxes and Primary Magma CO2 Contents Along the Global Mid-Ocean Ridge System." Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 20 (3):1387–1424. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GC007630
  • Birner, Suzanne K., Cottrell, Elizabeth, Kelley, Katherine A., and Davis, Fred A. 2018. "Peridotites and basalts reveal broad congruence between two independent records of mantle f(O2) despite local redox heterogeneity." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 494:172–189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2018.04.035
  • Cottrell, Elizabeth, Lanzirotti, Antonio, Mysen, Bjorn, Birner, Suzanne, Kelley, Katherine A., Botcharnikov, Roman, Davis, Fred A., and Newville, Matthew. 2018. "A Mössbauer-based XANES calibration for hydrous basalt glasses reveals radiation-induced oxidation of Fe." American Mineralogist 103 (4):489–501. https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2018-6268
  • Davis, Fred A. and Cottrell, Elizabeth. 2018. "Experimental investigation of basalt and peridotite oxybarometers: Implications for spinel thermodynamic models and Fe3 compatibility during generation of upper mantle melts." American Mineralogist 103 (7):1056–1067. https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2018-6280
  • Jackson, Colin R. M., Bennett, Neil R., Du, Zhixue, Cottrell, Elizabeth, and Fei, Yingwei. 2018. "Early episodes of high-pressure core formation preserved in plume mantle." Nature 553 (7689):491–+. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature25446
  • Zhang, Hongluo L., Cottrell, Elizabeth, Solheid, Peat A., Kelley, Katherine A., and Hirschmann, Marc M. 2018. "Determination of Fe3 + /?Fe of XANES basaltic glass standards by Mössbauer spectroscopy and its application to the oxidation state of iron in MORB." Chemical Geology 479:166–175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2018.01.006
  • Birner, Suzanne K., Warren, Jessica M., Cottrell, Elizabeth, Davis, Fred A., Kelley, Katherine A., and Falloon, Trevor J. 2017. "Forearc Peridotites from Tonga Record Heterogeneous Oxidation of the Mantle following Subduction Initiation." Journal of Petrology 58 (9):1755–1779. https://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egx072
  • Davis, Fred A., Cottrell, Elizabeth, Birner, Suzanne K., Warren, Jessica M., and Lopez, Oscar G. 2017. "Revisiting the electron microprobe method of spinel-olivine-orthopyroxene oxybarometry applied to spinel peridotites." American Mineralogist 102 (1-2):421–435. https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2017-5823
  • Grocke, Stephanie B., de Silva, Shanka L., Wallace, Paul J., Cottrell, Elizabeth, and Schmitt, Axel K. 2017. "Catastrophic Caldera-Forming (CCF) Monotonous Silicic Magma Reservoirs: Constraints from Volatiles in Melt Inclusions from the 3.49 Ma Tara Supereruption, Guacha II Caldera, SW Bolivia." Journal of Petrology 58 (11):2115–2142. https://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egy003
  • Helz, R. T., Cottrell, Elizabeth, Brounce, M. N., and Kelley, K. A. 2017. "Olivine-melt relationships and syneruptive redox variations in the 1959 eruption of Kilauea Volcano as revealed by XANES." Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 333/334:1–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2016.12.006
  • Le Voyer, M., Kelley, K. A., Cottrell, Elizabeth, and Hauri, E. H. 2017. "Heterogeneity in mantle carbon content from CO2-undersaturated basalts." Nature Communications 8:https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms14062
  • Pistone, Mattia, Whittington, Alan G., Andrews, Benjamin, and Cottrell, Elizabeth. 2017. "Crystal-rich lava dome extrusion during vesiculation: An experimental study." Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 347:1–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.06.018
  • Zhang, H. L., Hirschmann, M. M., Cottrell, Elizabeth, and Withers, A. C. 2017. "Effect of pressure on Fe3+/ΣFe ratio in a mafic magma and consequences for magma ocean redox gradients." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 204:83–103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2017.01.023
  • Birner, Suzanne K., Warren, Jessica M., Cottrell, Elizabeth, and Davis, Fred A. 2016. "Hydrothermal alteration of seafloor peridotites does not influence oxygen fugacity recorded by spinel oxybarometry." Geology 44 (7):535–538. https://doi.org/10.1130/G38113.1
  • Brounce, Maryjo, Kelley, Katherine A., Stern, Robert, Martinez, Fernando, and Cottrell, Elizabeth. 2016. "The Fina Nagu volcanic complex: Unusual submarine arc volcanism in the rapidly deforming southern Mariana margin." Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 17 (10):4078–4091. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016GC006457
  • Grocke, Stephanie B., Cottrell, Elizabeth, de Silva, Shanaka, and Kelley, Katherine A. 2016. "The role of crustal and eruptive processes versus source variations in controlling the oxidation state of iron in Central Andean magmas." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 440:92–104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2016.01.026
  • Ruth, Dawn C. S., Cottrell, Elizabeth, Cortés, Joaquín A., Kelley, Katherine A., and Calder, Eliza S. 2016. "From Passive Degassing to Violent Strombolian Eruption: the Case of the 2008 Eruption of Llaima Volcano, Chile." Journal of Petrology 57 (9):1833–1864. https://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egw063
  • Zellmer, Georg F., Pistone, Mattia, Iizuka, Yoshiyuki, Andrews, Benjamin J., Gomez-Tuena, Arturo, Straub, Susanne M., and Cottrell, Elizabeth. 2016. "Petrogenesis of antecryst-bearing arc basalts from the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: Insights into along-arc variations in magma-mush ponding depths, H2O contents, and surface heat flux." American Mineralogist 101 (11):2405–2422. https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2016-5701
  • Zhang, H. L., Hirschmann, M. M., Cottrell, Elizabeth, Newville, M., and Lanzirotti, A. 2016. "Structural environment of iron and accurate determination of Fe3 +/SFe ratios in andesitic glasses by XANES and Mössbauer spectroscopy." Chemical Geology 428:48–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2016.02.022
  • Brounce, Maryjo, Kelley, Katherine A., Cottrell, Elizabeth, and Reagan, Mark K. 2015. "Temporal evolution of mantle wedge oxygen fugacity during subduction initiation." Geology 43 (9):775–778. https://doi.org/10.1130/G36742.1
  • Le Voyer, Marion, Cottrell, Elizabeth, Kelley, Katherine A., Brounce, Maryjo, and Hauri, Erik H. 2015. "The effect of primary versus secondary processes on the volatile content of MORB glasses: An example from the equatorial Mid-Atlantic Ridge (5°N-3°S)." Journal of Geophysical Research. B. Solid Earth 120 (1):125–144. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JB011160
  • McCormick, Brendan, Popp, Christoph, Andrews, Benjamin J., and Cottrell, Elizabeth. 2015. "Ten years of satellite observations reveal highly variable sulphur dioxide emissions at Anatahan Volcano, Mariana Islands." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. Atmospheres 120 (14):7258–7282. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JD022856
  • Brounce, M. N., Kelley, K. A., and Cottrell, Elizabeth. 2014. "Variations in Fe3+/?Fe of Mariana Arc Basalts and Mantle Wedge fO2." Journal of Petrology 55 (12):2513–2536. https://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egu065
  • Grocholski, Brent, Shim, Sang-Heon, Cottrell, Elizabeth, and Prakapenka, Vitali B. 2014. "Crystal structure and compressibility of lead dioxide up to 140 GPa." American Mineralogist 99 (1):170–177. https://doi.org/10.2138/am.2014.4596
  • Cottrell, Elizabeth and Kelley, K. A. 2013. "Redox Heterogeneity in Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalts as a Function of Mantle Source." Science 340 (6138):1314–1317. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1233299
  • de Moor, J. M., Fischer, T. P., Sharp, Z. D., King, P. l., Wilke, M., Botcharnikov, R. E., Cottrell, Elizabeth, Zelenski, M., Marty, B., Klimm, K., Rivard, C., Ayalew, D., Ramirez, C., and Kelley, K. A. 2013. "Sulfur degassing at Erta Ale (Ethiopia) and Masaya (Nicaragua) volcanoes: Implications for the degassing processes and oxygen fugacities of basaltic systems." Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 14 (10):4076–4108. https://doi.org/10.1002/ggge.20255
  • Seagle, Christopher T., Cottrell, Elizabeth, Fei, Yingwei, Hummer, Daniel R., and Prakapenka, Vitali B. 2013. "Electrical and thermal transport properties of iron and iron-silicon alloy at high pressure." Geophysical Research Letters 40 (20):5377–5381. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013GL057930
  • Walter, Michael J. and Cottrell, Elizabeth. 2013. "Assessing uncertainty in geochemical models for core formation in Earth." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 365:165–176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2013.01.014
  • Kelley, Katherine A. and Cottrell, Elizabeth. 2012. "The influence of magmatic differentiation on the oxidation state of Fe in a basaltic arc magma." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 329-330:109–121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2012.02.010
  • Cottrell, Elizabeth and Kelley, Katherine A. 2011. "The oxidation state of Fe in MORB glasses and the oxygen fugacity of the upper mantle." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 305 (3-4):270–282. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2011.03.014
  • Cottrell, Elizabeth, Walter, Michael J., and Walker, David. 2010. "Erratum to "Metal-silicate partitioning of tungsten at high pressure and temperature: Implications for equilibrium core formation in Earth" [Earth and Planetary Science Letters 281 (2009) 275-287]." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 289 (3-4):631–634. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2009.11.040
  • Castro, Jonathan M., Cottrell, Elizabeth, Tuffen, Hugh, Logan, M. Amelia V., and Kelley, Katherine A. 2009. "Spherulite crystallization induces Fe-redox redistribution in silicic melt." Chemical Geology 268 (3-4):272–280. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2009.09.006
  • Cottrell, Elizabeth, Kelley, Katherine A., Lanzirotti, Antonio, and Fischer, Rebecca A. 2009. "High-precision determination of iron oxidation state in silicate glasses using XANES." Chemical Geology 268 (3-4):167–179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2009.08.008
  • Cottrell, Elizabeth, Walter, Michael J., and Walker, David. 2009. "Metal-silicate partitioning of tungsten at high pressure and temperature: Implications for equilibrium core formation in Earth." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 281 (3-4):275–287. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2009.02.024
  • Kelley, Katherine A. and Cottrell, Elizabeth. 2009. "Water and the Oxidation State of Subduction Zone Magmas." Science 325 (5940):605–607. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1174156
  • Ricolleau, Angele, Fei, Yingwei, Cottrell, Elizabeth, Watson, Heather, Deng, Liwei, Zhang, Li, Fiquet, Guillaume, Auzende, Anne-Line, Roskosz, Mathieu, Morard, Guillaume, and Prakapenka, Vitali B. 2009. "Density profile of pyrolite under the lower mantle conditions." Geophysical Research Letters 36:L06302–L06302. https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GL036759
  • Chabot, N. L., Campbell, A. J., McDonough, W. F., Draper, D. S., Agee, C. B., Humayun, M., Watson, H. C., Cottrell, Elizabeth, and Saslow, S. A. 2008. "The Fe-C system at 5 GPa and implications for Earth's core." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 72 (16):4146–4158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2008.06.006
  • Jaupart, Claude, Molnar, Peter, and Cottrell, Elizabeth. 2007. "Instability of a chemically dense layer heated from below and overlain by a deep less viscous fluid." Journal of Fluid Mechanics 572:433. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022112006003521
  • Cottrell, Elizabeth and Walker, D. 2006. "Constraints on core formation from Pt partitioning in mafic silicate liquids at high temperatures." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 70 (6):1565–1580. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2005.11.021
  • Cottrell, Elizabeth, Jaupart, Claude, and Molnar, Peter. 2004. "Marginal stability of thick continental lithosphere." Geophysical Research Letters 31 (18):https://doi.org/10.1029/2004GL020332
  • Cottrell, Elizabeth, Spiegelman, M., and Langmuir, C. H. 2002. "Consequences of diffusive reequilibration for the interpretation of melt inclusions: REEQUILIBRATION OF MELT INCLUSIONS." Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 3 (4):1–26. https://doi.org/10.1029/2001GC000205
  • Cottrell, Elizabeth, Gardner, James E., and Rutherford, Malcolm J. 1999. "Petrologic and experimental evidence for the movement and heating of the pre-eruptive Minoan rhyodacite (Santorini, Greece)." Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 135 (4):315–331. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004100050514

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Chapter
  • Brown, S. K., Loughlin, S. C., Sparks, R. S. J., Vye-Brown, C., Barclay, J., Calder, E., Cottrell, Elizabeth, Jolly, G., Komorowski, J-C, Mandeville, C., Newhall, C., and P. 2015. "Global volcanic hazard and risk." in Global Volcanic Hazards and Risk, edited by Loughlin, S. C., Sparks, S., Brown, S. K., Jenkins, S. F., and Vye-Brown, C., 81–172. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781316276273.004
  • Loughlin , S. C., Vye-Brown, C., Sparks, R. S. J., Brown, S. K., Barclay, J., Calder, E., Cottrell, Elizabeth, Jolly, G., Komorowski, J. -C, Mandeville, C., Newhall, C., and P. 2015. "An introduction to global volcanic hazard and risk." in Global Volcanic Hazards and Risk, edited by Loughlin, S. C., Sparks, S., Brown, S. K., Jenkins, S. F., and Vye-Brown, C., 1–80. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781316276273.003
  • Siebert, Lee, Cottrell, Elizabeth, Venzke, Edward A., and Andrews, Benjamin J. 2015. "Earth's Volcanoes and Their Eruptions: An Overview." in The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes, edited by Sigurdsson, Haraldur., 2nd ed. 239–255. Amsterdam: Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-385938-9.00012-2
  • Siebert, Lee, Cottrell, Elizabeth, Venzke, Edward A., and Edwards, Benjamin. 2015. "Catalog of Earth's Documented Holocene Eruptions." in The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes (Second Edition), edited by Sigurdsson, Haraldur., 1367–1400. Amsterdam: Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-385938-9.15002-3