Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Dieter Wasshausen

Research Botanist Emeritus
Department / Division
Education
  • BS (1962), MS (1965), PhD (1972), The George Washington University
Research Interests

Systematics of the Neotropical Acanthaceae, including treatments of the family for the Flora of Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia; Palynology and reproductive biology of tropical Acanthaceae; Floristic studies in the family Begoniaceae, preparation of diagnostic keys and descriptions for species in Guianas, Brazil and Peru.

Publications
Article
  • Cornejo, Xavier, Wasshausen, Dieter C., and Bonifaz, Carmen. 2017. "Dicliptera francodavilae (Acanthaceae): A New Species from the Coastal Dry Forests of the Province of Guayas, Ecuador." Harvard Papers in Botany 22 (2):121–123. https://doi.org/10.3100/hpib.v22iss2.2017.n4
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 2015. "New Species of Acanthaceae from Ecuador." Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 9 (1):81–88.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 2013. "New species of Aphelandra (Acanthaceae) from Peru and Ecuador." Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 7 (1):109–120.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 2007. "A checklist of the Acanthaceae collected in the "Sira mountains" of Peru." Die Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie B 108B:167–190.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 2006. "156. Acanthaceae." Flora of the Guianas: Series A: Phanerogams 23:1–141.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 2006. "159. Mendonciaceae." Flora of the Guianas: Series A: Phanerogams 23:142–151.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. and Wood, R. I. 2004. "Acanthaceae of Bolivia." Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 49:1–152.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. and Wood, R. I. 2004. "Notes on the genus Dicliptera (Acanthaceae) in Bolivia." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 117:140–149.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 2003. "New species of Justicia (Acanthaceae) from the Guianas." Brittonia 54 (4):286–297.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. and Wood, R. I. 2003. "The genus Dyschoriste (Acanthaceae) in Bolivia and Argentina." Brittonia 55 (1):10–18.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. and Wood, R. I. 2003. "Notes on the genus Justicia in Bolivia." Kew Bulletin 58:769–831.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. and Wood, R. I. 2003. "Notes on the genus Ruellia (Acanthaceae) in Bolivia, Peru and Brazil." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 116 (2):263–274.
  • Golding, J. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 2002. "Begoniaceae, Edition 2. Part I: Annotated Species List. Part II: Illustrated Key, Abridgement and Supplement." Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 43:1–289.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 2002. "New species of Ruellia (Acanthaceae) from French Guiana and adjacent Brazil." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 115 (3):696–700.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. and Wood, R. I. 2001. "Further discoveries in the genus Stenostephanus (Acanthaceae) in Bolivia." Harvard Papers in Botany 6 (2):449–454.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 2000. "A new species of Justicia (Acanthaceae) from Venezuela." Novon 10:260–263.
  • Smith, S. F. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1999. "New taxa in Begonia (Begoniaceae) from Brazil." Selbyana 20:16–29.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1999. "New species of Justicia(Acanthaceae) from Cerro La Chapa, El Amparo, Venezuela." Novon 9:450–452.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1999. "The genus Stenostephanus (Acanthaceae) in Bolivia." Harvard Papers in Botany 4:279–288.
  • Peichoto, M. C., Ezcurra, C., and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1998. "Justicia floribunda (Acanthaceae), nueva combinación y nueva cito para la flora Argentina." Darwiniana 35:151–154.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1998. "Acanthaceae of the Southeastern United States." Castanea: The Journal of the Southern Appalachian Botanical Society 63:99–116.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1997. "A checklist of the Acanthaceae collected by John J. Wurdack in Amazonian Peru." BioLlania, Edición Especial 6:541–550.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1997. "Razisea ericae (Acanthaceae), a new species from Ecuador and adjacent Peru." Novon 7:88–91.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. and Ezcurra, C. 1997. "New names and new combinations in Justicia sect. Simonsia, Plagiacanthus and Orthotactus (Acanthaceae) from southern South America." Candollea 52:171–179.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1996. "New species and new combinations in Apelandra (Acanthaceae) from Ecuador and adjacent Peru." Nordic Journal of Botany 16:389–407.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1996. "New species, new variety and new combinations in Stenandrium (Acanthaceae) from Ecuador and Columbia." Nordic Journal of Botany 16:383–388.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1995. "A new species, new combinations, and a new name in Acanthaceae from northern South America." Brittonia 47:422–425.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1995. "Begonia mariannesis." The Begonian 62:116–117.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. and Daniel, T. F. 1995. "Justicia nevlingii, a new species from Mexico." Novon 5:114–117.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. and McClellan, T. 1995. "Begonia mariannensis (Begoniaceae), a new species from Trinidad, West Indies." Brittonia 47:21–23.
  • Daniel, T. F. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1993. "A new Carlowrightia (Acanthaceae) from South America." Nordic Journal of Botany 13:653–656.
  • Profice, S. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1993. "Aphelandra espirito-santensis (Acanthaceae), a new species from Espírito Santo, Brazil." Novon 3:280–283.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1993. "Notes on Acanthaceae from Pico Das Almas, Bahia, Brazil." Kew Bulletin 48:17–20.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1993. "Acanthaceae. In Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru." Monographs in Syst.Bot.from the Missouri Bot.Gard. 45:2–15.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. and Ezcurra, C. 1993. "A new species of Oplonia (Acanthaceae) from southern South America." Novon 3:89–91.
  • Ezcurra, C. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1992. "New species of Ruellia (Acanthaceae) from southern South America." Brittonia 44:69–73.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1992. "A further note on Justicia parquazensis Wasshausen (Acanthaceae)." Novon 2:177.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1992. "New species of Ruellia (Acanthaceae) from the Venezuelan Guayana." Novon 2:139–148.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1992. "New species and new combinations of Justicia (Acanthaceae) from the Venezuelan Guayana." Novon 2:62–80.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1992. "Nomenclatural changes in the Acanthaceae and two new species of Odontonema from Venezuela and Guyana." Novon 2:149–152.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1992. "Three new species of Justicia (Acanthaceae) from Brazil." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 105:664–673.
  • Jakupovic, J., Schuster, A., and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1991. "Acetylenes and labdanes from Baccharis pedunculata." Phytochemistry 30:2785–2787.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1991. "New species of Dicliptera (Acanthaceae) from the Guianas." Brittonia 43:1–6.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1991. "New species of Habracanthus (Acanthaceae) from Mexico." Brittonia 43:185–188.
  • Zdero, C., Bohlmann, F., and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1991. "Glaucolides from Old World Vernonia species." Phytochemistry 30:4025–4028.
  • Zdero, C., Bohlmann, F., and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1991. "Guaianolides from Brachylaena species." Phytochemistry 30:3810–3811.
  • Daniel, T. F. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1990. "Three new species of Justicia (Acanthaceae) from Panamá." Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 46:289–297.
  • Ezcurra, C. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1990. "Schaueria azaleaeflora (Acanthaceae), Nueva cita para la Argentina." Darwiniana 30:238–285.
  • Smith, Lyman B. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1990. "Begonia soli-mutata, a new Brazilian species whose leaf color varies with light intensity." The Begonian 57:217–218.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1990. "New and interesting species of Acanthaceae from Colombia." Rev.Acad.Colomb.Cienc. 17:249–257.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1990. "Justicia maquirei, a new species of Acanthaceae from Guyana." Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 64:235–238.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1990. "New species of Mendoncia (Acanthaceae) from the Venezuelan Guayana." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 76:1118–1124.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1990. "New species of Justicia (Acanthaceae) from the Planalto of Brazil." Brittonia 41:379–384.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1990. "New species of Mendoncia (Acanthaceae) from Colombia." Brittonia 41:329–334.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1990. "New species of Stenandrium (Acanthaceae) from the Planalto of Brazil." Brittonia 42:1–6.
  • Jakupovic, J., Grenz, M., and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1989. "Sesquiterpene lactones from Rolandra fruticosa." Phytochemistry 28:1937–1941.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1989. "New Species of Justicia (Acanthaceae) from the Planalto of Brazil." Brittonia 41 (4):379–384.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1989. "New and Interesting Species of Acanthaceae from Colombia." Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas.Fisicas y Naturales 17 (65):249–257.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1989. "New Species of Mendoncia (Acanthaceae) from the Venenzuelan Guayana." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 76:1118–1124.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1989. "New and interesting species of Acanthaceae from Peru." Beitr.Biol.Pfanzen 63:421–429.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1989. "New Species of Mendoncia (Acanthaceae) from Colombia." Brittonia 41 (4):329–334.
  • Smith, Lyman B. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1988. "Notes on Begoniaceae - 4." Phytologia 64:77.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1988. "New species of Habracanthus (Acanthaceae) from Venezuela." Acta Botanica Venezuelica 15:133–143.
  • Smith, Lyman B. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1987. "Notes on Begoniaceae—VI." Phytologia 64:77.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1987. "New Species of Habracanthus (Acanthaceae) from Venezuela." Acta Botanica Venezuelica 15 (2):133–143.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1987. "New and interesting species of Justicia (Acanthaceae) from Amazonia." Acta Amazonica, Supplement 14:145–151.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1987. "New and interesting species of Acanthaceae from Ecuador." Opera Botanica 92:265–275.
  • Ramamoorthy, T. P. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1986. "A New Name in Dyschoriste (Acanthaceae)." Brittonia 37 (4):358–359.
  • Smith, Lyman B., Wasshausen, Dieter C., Golding, J., and Karegeannes, C. E. 1986. "Begoniaceae Part I: Illustrated Key; part II: Annotated Species List." Smithsonian Contributions to Botany (60): 1–584. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.0081024X.60
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1986. "The systematics of the genus Pachystachys (Acanthaceae)." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 99:160–185.
  • Ramamoorthy, T. P. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1985. "A new name in Dyschoriste (Acanthaceae)." Brittonia 37:358–359.
  • Smith, Lyman B. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1985. "A new Ecuador species." The Begonian 52:11–13.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1985. "New species of Habracanthus (Acanthaceae) from Ecuador." Brittonia 37:243–251.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1985. "New species of Hansteinia (Acanthaceae) from Colombia and Ecuador." Brittonia 37:203–208.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1985. "Kalbreyeracanthus kirkbridei (Acanthaceae), a new species from Colombia." Brittonia 37:199–202.
  • Smith, Lyman B. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1984. "Notes on Begoniaceae - 4." Phytologia 55:112.
  • Smith, Lyman B. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1984. "Notes on Begoniaceae - 5." Phytologia 56:16.
  • Smith, Lyman B. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1984. "Notes on Begoniaceae - 3." Phytologia 54:465–473.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1984. "New and Interesting Species of Justicia (Acanthaceae) from Amazonia." Suplemento, Acta Amazonica 14 (1):145–151.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1984. "Pranceacanthus coccineus (Acanthaceae), a new genus and species from Amazonian Brazil." Brittonia 36:1–7.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1984. "Two new species of Habracanthus (Acanthaceae) from Colombia." Brittonia 36:68–73.
  • Smith, Lyman B. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1983. "Notes on Begoniaceae - 2." Phytologia 53:297–301.
  • Smith, Lyman B. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1983. "Notes on Begoniaceae - 1." Phytologia 52:441–451.
  • Smith, Lyman B., Wasshausen, Dieter C., and Klein, R. M. 1982. "Gramineas, pt. 3." Flora Ilustrada Catarinense pt.3, fasc.GRAM. pt. 3:911–1407, pl.
  • Smith, Lyman B., Wasshausen, Dieter C., and Klein, R. M. 1982. "Gramineas, pt. 2." Flora Ilustrada Catarinense pt.2, fasc.GRAM. pt. 2:443–906, pl.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1982. "New species of Justicia (Acanthaceae) from Venezuela." Phytologia 52:95–98.
  • Smith, Lyman B. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1981. "The Begonia on the cover: B. listada." The Begonian 49:cover, 155–cover, 157.
  • Smith, Lyman B. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1981. "Creeping species from Brazil now B. thelma." The Begonian 49:114–115.
  • Smith, Lyman B. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1981. "Chave para os Generos das Gramíneas Brasileiras." Bradea 3, suplemento:1–36.
  • Smith, Lyman B., Wasshausen, Dieter C., and Klein, R. M. 1981. "Gramineas, pt. 1." Flora Ilustrada Catarinense pt.1, fasc.GRAM. pt. 1:1–435, pl.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1981. "Kalbreyeracanthus Wasshausen, nom. nov." Taxon 30:477.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1981. "Justicia sonorae, a new species of Acanthaceae from Mexico." Phytologia 49:65–69.
  • Smith, Lyman B. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1979. "Begonia of Ecuador." Phytologia 44:233–256.
  • Smith, Lyman B. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1978. "Notas sobre Gramineas Brasileiras - 1." Bradea 2, no. 35:243–250.
  • Smith, Lyman B. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1977. "Os gneros de Gramineas no Brasil." Bradea 2, no. 32:221–228.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1977. "New species of Acanthaceae from Colombia." Phytologia 37:213–218.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1977. "New taxa of Acanthaceae from the Rio Palenque Science Center." Selbyana 2 (1):14–21.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1976. "A new species of Ruellia (Acanthaceae) from Panamá." Phytologia 33:59–62.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1976. "A new species of Oplonia (Acanthaceae) from Peru." Phytologia 33:444–446.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1976. "Two additional new species of Aphelandra (Acanthaceae)." Phytologia 33:178–182.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. and de Arroyo, Mary T. Kalin. 1976. "A New Species of Justicia (Acanthaceae) from Venezuela." Boletin de la Sociedad Venezolana de Cilnuas Naturales 22:407–413.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1975. "The genus Aphelandra (Acanthaceae)." Smithsonian Contributions to Botany (18): 1–157. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.0081024X.18
  • Getulio, A. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1974. "Tetramerium (Acanthaceae), Un genero nuevo para la flora de Venezuela." Acta Botanica Venezuelica 8, no. 1-3:163–166.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1974. "New combinations in cultivated Justicia (Acanthaceae)." Baileya 19:1–3.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1974. "Two additional new species of Aphelandra (Acanthaceae)." Phytologia 26:393–396.
  • Agostini, Getulio and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1973. "Tetramerium (Acanthaceae), Un Genero Nuevo para la Flora de Venezuela." Acta Botanica Venezuelica 8 (1-4):163–166.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1973. "New Combinations in Cultivated Justicia (Acanthaceae)." Baileya 19:1–3.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1973. "Two Additional New Species of Aphelandra (Acanthaceae)." Phytologia 26:393–396.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1973. "New species of Aphelandra (Acanthaceae)." Phytologia 25:465–502.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. and Austin, D. F. 1973. "A Ruellia (Acanthaceae) species in Exogonium (Convolvulaceae)." Phytologia 25:433–437.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1970. "A Synopsis of the Genus Seussenguthia (Acanthaceae)." Rhodora 72 (789):119–125.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1970. "A sysnopsis of the genus Suessenguthis (Acanthaceae)." Rhodora 77 (789):119–125.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1965. "New combinations in the family Acanthaceae." Phytologia 12:427–428.
  • Fenn, R. W., Gerber, H. E., and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1963. "Measurements of the sulphur and ammonium components of the Arctic Aerosol of the Greenland Icecap." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 20:466–468.

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Chapter
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 2013. "Acanthaceae." in Flora of Ecuador, edited by Persson, C. and Stahl, B., 1–328. Goteborg, Sweden: Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 2012. "Acanthaceae." in Flora de Antioquia: Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares, edited by Idarraga, A., Carmen-Ortiz, R. del, Callejas, R., and Merello, M., 225–233. Bogota, Colombia: Universidad de Antioquia.
  • Dorr, Laurence J. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 2007. "Begoniaceae." in Catálogo anotado e ilustrado de la flora vascular de los Llanos de Venezuela, edited by Duno de Stefano, R., Aymard, G., and Huber, O., 387–389. Caracas, Venezuela: FUDENA-Fundación Empresas Polar-FIBV.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 2007. "Mendoniaceae." in Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana), edited by Funk, Vicki Ann, Hollowell, Thomas H., Berry, P. E., Kelloff, Carol L., and Alexander, Sara N., 419–420. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium. Washington D. C.: Smithsonian Institution.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 2005. "Chapter 5.6 Acanthus: Family Acanthaceae." in Plant conservation: A natural history approach, edited by Krupnick, Gary A. and Kress, W. John., 112–114.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. and Rauh, W. 2005. "Chapter 6.3 Habitat loss: the extreme case of Madagascar." in Plant conservation: A natural history approach, edited by Krupnick, Gary A. and Kress, W. John., 151–155.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 2004. "Acanthaceae." in Flowering Plants of the Neotropics, edited by Smith, N., Mori, S. A., Henderson, A., Stevenson, D. W., and Heald, S. V., 3–7.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1998. "Acanthaceae." in Prodr. fl. Matogrossensis Ser. B, part 1. Checklist of Angiosperms, part 2. Types of Mato Grosso, edited by Dubs, B., 1–5, 307.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1997. "Acanthaceae." in Inventaire taxonomique des plantes de la Guyane Francaise V -- les dicotyledones, edited by Cremers, C. and Hoff, M., 13–23.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1995. "Acanthaceae." in Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol. 2 (1955), edited by Steyermark, Julian A. and Collaborators., 335–374.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1995. "Acanthaceae." in Inventaire Taxonomique des Plantes de la Guyane Francaise V-Les Dicotyledones, edited by Cremers, C. and Hoff, M., 13–23.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1995. "Acanthaceae." in Flora of the Pico das Almas Chapada Diamantina -- Bahia, Brazil, edited by Stannard, B. L., 112–114.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1993. "Acanthaceae. Appendix I: New Combinations and New Names of Peruvian Plants. In Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru." in Monographs in Syst. Bot. from the Missouri Bot. Gard, 1253.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1992. "Acanthaceae." in Flora de La Real ExpediciA3n del Nuevo Reyno de Granada (1783-1816), edited by Mutis., 41.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1992. "Acanthaceae." in Checklist of plants of the the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana), edited by Boggan, John K., 62–65.
  • Smith, Lyman B. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1989. "Begoniaceae." in Flora of Venezuela, edited by Morillo, G., 1–78.
  • Smith, Lyman B. and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1987. "Begoniaceae." in Flora of Ecuador, edited by Harling, G. and Andersson, L., 1–66.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1971. "Acanthaceae." in Flora of the Galapagos Islands, edited by Wiggins, I. L. and Porter, D. M., 259–268.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1970. "Acanthaceae." in Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas, edited by Correll, D. S. and Johnston, M. C., 1456–1475.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. and Smith, Lyman B. 1969. "Acanthaceae." in Flora Ilustrada Catarinensis, 1–134.
  • Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1966. "Family Acanthaceae." in Flora of Texas, vol. 1, part 3, edited by Lundell, C. L., 223–282.

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Book
  • Rice, W. F., Smith, S. F., and Wasshausen, Dieter C. 1982. National List of Scientific Plant Names. U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service.
  • Smith, Lyman B., Wasshausen, Dieter C., and Klein, Roberto M. 1982. Gramineas: Flora Ilustrada Catarinense; Part 2: Deschampsia-Pseudechinolaena. Itajai Brasil: Herbârio " Barbosa Rodr igues ".
  • Smith, Lyman B., Wasshausen, Dieter C., and Klein, Roberto M. 1982. Gramineas: Flora Ilustrada Catarinense; Part 3-- Paspalum-Zea. Itajai Brasil: Herbârio " Barbosa Rodrigues ".