Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Anna Phillips

Research Zoologist and Curator of Clitellata and parasitic worms
Department / Division
  • B.S., Appalachian State University
  • B.Sc., Appalachian State University
  • Ph.D., City University of New York
Collections Areas
  • Acanthocephala
  • Annelida
    • Clitellata
      • Hirudinea
      • "Oligochaeta"
  • Chaetognatha
  • Gastrotricha
  • Gnathostomulida
  • Kinorhyncha
  • Loricifera
  • Meiofauna
  • Nematoda
  • Nematomorpha
  • Nemertea
  • Platyhelminthes
  • Priapulida
  • Rotifera
  • Tardigrada
Research Interests
Biodiversity, phylogenetic relationships, and evolutionary history of parasitic worms, with emphasis on leeches and tapeworms
  • Cook, Joseph A., Greiman, Stephen E., Agosta, Salvatore J., Anderson, Robert P., Arbogast, Brian S., Baker, Robert J., Boeger, Walter, Bradley, Robert D., Brooks, Daniel R., Cole, Rebecca, Demboski, John R., Dobson, Andrew P., Dunnum, Jonathan L., Eckerlin, Ralph P., Esselstyn, Jacob, Galbreath, Kurt E., Hawdon, John, Hoekstra, Hopi E., Kutz, Susan J., Light, Jessica E., Olson, Link E., Patterson, Bruce D., Patton, James L., Phillips, Anna J., Rickart, Eric et al. 2016. "Transformational Principles for NEON Sampling of Mammalian Parasites and Pathogens: A Response to Springer and Colleagues." Bioscience 66 (11):917–919.
  • Curran, Stephen S., Phillips, Anna J., Overstreet, Robin M., Benz, George W., and Henningsen, Alan D. 2016. "Austrobdella cairae n. sp., an Oioxenous Marine Leech (Clitellata: Piscicolidae) from the Banded Guitarfish, Zapteryx exasperata, in the Northeastern Pacific Ocean." The Journal of Parasitology 102 (2):179–186.
  • Phillips, Anna J., Salas-Montiel, Ricardo, and Oceguera-Figueroa, Alejandro. 2016. "Distribution of the New England Medicinal Leech, Macrobdella sestertia Whitman, 1886 and redeterminations of specimens of Macrobdella (Annelida: Clitellata: Macrobdellidae) at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 103–113.
  • Hoberg, Eric P. and Phillips, Anna J. 2014. "Transfer of the US-National Parasite Collection." Folia Parasitologica 61 (4):370–370.
  • Phillips, Anna J., Georgiev, Boyko B., Waesehenbach, Andrea, and Mariaux, Jean. 2014. "Two new and two redescribed species of Anonchotaenia (Cestoda: Paruterinidae) from South American birds." Folia Parasitologica 61 (5):441–461.
  • Phillips, Anna J., Oceguera Figueroa, Alejandro, Flores, Gisela M., Armenta, Jossué J., and Montiel, Ricardo S. 2014. "Entonces tú eres acaso el conocedor de la sanguijuela? [Then you are perhaps a leech expert?]." Revista Digital Universitaria 15 (4):1607–6079.
  • Salas-Montiel, Ricardo, Phillips, Anna J., De Leon, Gerardo Perez-Ponce, and Oceguera-Figueroa, Alejandro. 2014. "Description of a new leech species of Helobdella (Clitellata: Glossiphoniidae) from Mexico with a review of Mexican congeners and a taxonomic key." Zootaxa 3900 (1):77.
  • Phillips, A. J. 2012. "A new species of Asian buffalo leech (Hirudinidae) with analyses of its phylogenetic relationships and evidence of human-mediated dispersal of acongener to the Caribbean." Invertebrate Systematics 26:293–302.
  • Phillips, A. J., Mariaux, J., and Georgiev, B. B. 2012. "Cucolepis cincta gen. n., sp. n. (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea) from the Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana Lesson (Aves: Cuculiformes) from Paraguay." Folia Parasitologica 59 (4):287–294.
  • Siddall, M. E., Kvist, S., Phillips, A. J., and Oceguera-Figueroa, A. F. 2012. "DNA Barcoding of parasitic nematodes: Is it kosher?." The Journal of Parasitology 98 (3):692–694.
  • Moser, William E., Klemm, Donald, Phillips, Anna, Trauth, Stanley, Neal, Robert, Stanley, Jonathan, Connior, Matthew, and Flotemersch, Joseph. 2011. "Distribution of the Genus Philobdella (Macrobdellidae: Hirudinida), Including New Locality Records from Arkansas and Oklahoma." Comparative Parasitology 78 (2):387–391.
  • Oceguera-Figueroa, A., Phillips, A. J., Pacheco-Chaves, B., and Siddall, M. E. 2011. "Phylogeny of macrophagous leeches (Hirudinea, Clitellata) based on molecular data and evaluation of the barcoding locus." Zoologica Scripta 40 (2):194–203.
  • Phillips, A. J., Oosthuizen, J. H., and Siddall, M. E. 2011. "Re-description, phylogenetic placement, and taxonomic reassignment of Mesobdella lineata (Sciacchitano, 1959) (Hirudinida: Arhynchobdellida)." American Museum Novitates (3711): 1–11.
  • Siddall, M. E., Min, G. S., Fontanella, F. M., Phillips, A. J., and Watson, S. C. 2011. "Bacterial symbiont and salivary peptide evolution in the context of leech phylogeny." Parasitology 138 (13):1815–1827.
  • Phillips, A. J., Arauco-Brown, R., Oceguera-Figueroa, A., Gomez, G. P., Beltrán, M., and Siddall, M. E. 2010. "Tyrannobdella rex n. gen. n. sp. and the evolutionary origins of mucosal leech infestations." PLoS One 5 (4):e10057.
  • Phillips, A. J. and Siddall, M. E. 2009. "Poly-paraphyly of Hirudinidae: many lineages of medicinal leeches." BMC Evolutionary Biology 9:246.
  • Phillips, A. J. and Siddall, M. E. 2005. "Phylogenetic placement of the genus Philobdella in the leech family Macrobdellidae (Oligochaeta: Hirudinida: Arhynchobdellida)." Zoologica Scripta 34:559–564.

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  • Mariaux, J., Tkach, V. V., Vasileva, G. P., Waeschenbach, A., Beveridge, I., Dimitrova, Y., Haukisalmi, V., Greiman, S. E., Littlewood, D. T., Makarikov, A. A., Phillips, A. J., and R. 2017. "Cyclophyllidea." in Planetary Biodiversity Inventory (PBI): Tapeworms from vertebrate bowels of the earth (2008 - 2016), edited by Caira, J. N. and Jensen, K., 77–148. University of Kansas Natural History Museum Special Publication No. 25.
  • Moser, William E., Govedich, F. R., Oceguera-Figueroa, A., Richardson, D. J., and Phillips, A. J. 2016. "Annelida, Subclass Hirudinida." in Keys to Nearctic Fauna: Volume II, Thorp and Covich's Freshwater Invertebrates, edited by Thorp, James H. and Rogers, D. Christopher., 244–259. Amsterdam: Academic Press.