Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Anna Phillips

Research Zoologist and Curator of Clitellata and parasitic worms
Department / Division
  • B.S., Appalachian State University
  • B.Sc., Appalachian State University
  • Ph.D., City University of New York
Collections Areas
  • Acanthocephala
  • Annelida
    • Clitellata
      • Hirudinea
      • "Oligochaeta"
  • Chaetognatha
  • Gastrotricha
  • Gnathostomulida
  • Kinorhyncha
  • Loricifera
  • Meiofauna
  • Nematoda
  • Nematomorpha
  • Nemertea
  • Platyhelminthes
  • Priapulida
  • Rotifera
  • Tardigrada
Research Interests
Biodiversity, phylogenetic relationships, and evolutionary history of parasitic worms, with emphasis on leeches and tapeworms
  • Curran, Stephen S., Phillips, Anna J., Overstreet, Robin M., Benz, George W., and Henningsen, Alan D. 2016. "Austrobdella cairae n. sp., an Oioxenous Marine Leech (Clitellata: Piscicolidae) from the Banded Guitarfish, Zapteryx exasperata, in the Northeastern Pacific Ocean." The Journal of Parasitology 102 (2):179–186.
  • Phillips, Anna J., Salas-Montiel, Ricardo, and Oceguera-Figueroa, Alejandro. 2016. "Distribution of the New England Medicinal Leech, Macrobdella sestertia Whitman, 1886 and redeterminations of specimens of Macrobdella (Annelida: Clitellata: Macrobdellidae) at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 103–113.
  • Hoberg, Eric P. and Phillips, Anna J. 2014. "Transfer of the US-National Parasite Collection." Folia Parasitologica 61 (4):370–370.
  • Phillips, Anna J., Georgiev, Boyko B., Waesehenbach, Andrea, and Mariaux, Jean. 2014. "Two new and two redescribed species of Anonchotaenia (Cestoda: Paruterinidae) from South American birds." Folia Parasitologica 61 (5):441–461.
  • Phillips, Anna J., Oceguera Figueroa, Alejandro, Flores, Gisela M., Armenta, Jossué J., and Montiel, Ricardo S. 2014. "Entonces tú eres acaso el conocedor de la sanguijuela? [Then you are perhaps a leech expert?]." Revista Digital Universitaria 15 (4):1607–6079.
  • Salas-Montiel, Ricardo, Phillips, Anna J., De Leon, Gerardo Perez-Ponce, and Oceguera-Figueroa, Alejandro. 2014. "Description of a new leech species of Helobdella (Clitellata: Glossiphoniidae) from Mexico with a review of Mexican congeners and a taxonomic key." Zootaxa 3900 (1):77.
  • Phillips, A. J. 2012. "A new species of Asian buffalo leech (Hirudinidae) with analyses of its phylogenetic relationships and evidence of human-mediated dispersal of acongener to the Caribbean." Invertebrate Systematics 26:293–302.
  • Phillips, A. J., Mariaux, J., and Georgiev, B. B. 2012. "Cucolepis cincta gen. n., sp. n. (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea) from the Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana Lesson (Aves: Cuculiformes) from Paraguay." Folia Parasitologica 59 (4):287–294.
  • Siddall, M. E., Kvist, S., Phillips, A. J., and Oceguera-Figueroa, A. F. 2012. "DNA Barcoding of parasitic nematodes: Is it kosher?." The Journal of Parasitology 98 (3):692–694.
  • Moser, William E., Klemm, Donald, Phillips, Anna, Trauth, Stanley, Neal, Robert, Stanley, Jonathan, Connior, Matthew, and Flotemersch, Joseph. 2011. "Distribution of the Genus Philobdella (Macrobdellidae: Hirudinida), Including New Locality Records from Arkansas and Oklahoma." Comparative Parasitology 78 (2):387–391.
  • Oceguera-Figueroa, A., Phillips, A. J., Pacheco-Chaves, B., and Siddall, M. E. 2011. "Phylogeny of macrophagous leeches (Hirudinea, Clitellata) based on molecular data and evaluation of the barcoding locus." Zoologica Scripta 40 (2):194–203.
  • Phillips, A. J., Oosthuizen, J. H., and Siddall, M. E. 2011. "Re-description, phylogenetic placement, and taxonomic reassignment of Mesobdella lineata (Sciacchitano, 1959) (Hirudinida: Arhynchobdellida)." American Museum Novitates (3711): 1–11.
  • Siddall, M. E., Min, G. S., Fontanella, F. M., Phillips, A. J., and Watson, S. C. 2011. "Bacterial symbiont and salivary peptide evolution in the context of leech phylogeny." Parasitology 138 (13):1815–1827.
  • Phillips, A. J., Arauco-Brown, R., Oceguera-Figueroa, A., Gomez, G. P., Beltrán, M., and Siddall, M. E. 2010. "Tyrannobdella rex n. gen. n. sp. and the evolutionary origins of mucosal leech infestations." PLoS One 5 (4):e10057.
  • Phillips, A. J. and Siddall, M. E. 2009. "Poly-paraphyly of Hirudinidae: many lineages of medicinal leeches." BMC Evolutionary Biology 9:246.
  • Phillips, A. J. and Siddall, M. E. 2005. "Phylogenetic placement of the genus Philobdella in the leech family Macrobdellidae (Oligochaeta: Hirudinida: Arhynchobdellida)." Zoologica Scripta 34:559–564.

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  • Mariaux, J., Tkach, V. V., Vasileva, G. P., Waeschenbach, A., Beveridge, I., Dimitrova, Y., Haukisalmi, V., Greiman, S. E., Littlewood, D. T., Makarikov, A. A., Phillips, A. J., and R. 2017. "Cyclophyllidea." in Planetary Biodiversity Inventory (PBI): Tapeworms from vertebrate bowels of the earth (2008 - 2016), edited by Caira, J. N. and Jensen, K., 77–148. University of Kansas Natural History Museum Special Publication No. 25.
  • Moser, William E., Govedich, F. R., Oceguera-Figueroa, A., Richardson, D. J., and Phillips, A. J. 2016. "Annelida, Subclass Hirudinida." in Keys to Nearctic Fauna: Volume II, Thorp and Covich's Freshwater Invertebrates, edited by Thorp, James H. and Rogers, D. Christopher., 244–259. Amsterdam: Academic Press.