| In 1841, the British naturalist who scientifically described this animal named the genus Dipodomys, from Greek words meaning "two-footed mouse," because of its hopping gait. The common name, kangaroo rat, also refers to the way these rodents bound along, like miniature kangaroos. Phillips’s Kangaroo Rats are moderate in size for the genus, with relatively long tails. Males and females are about the same size. Individuals in the southern part of the range are smaller and paler in color. In most places, they are found on sandy soil where short grass, cactus, or low thornbrush grow. Their burrows are about a foot underground. Some have only one entrance, but some have a branching tunnel that lets the kangaroo rat escape if it is disturbed. Burrows have been found containing leaves, and kangaroo rats have been caught with their cheek pouches stuffed with seeds and leaves. Not a lot is known about reproduction in Phillips’s Kangaroo Rat, but juveniles have been seen just about year-round, and females have been found carrying two and three embryos.
Total Length: 244.3-279.7 (15 samples); Tail: 155.0-176.7 (15 samples)
Gray, J. E., 1841. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, ser. 1, 7:522.
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