Ferns, Spores, and Plant Reproduction
National Middle School Science Standards
fern, plant, reproduction, seed-free, spore, dispersal
- Reproduction of plants
- Alternation of generations
- Seeds and spores
- Characteristics of ferns
- Technology used by botanists
Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
The Fern Reproduction teaching resources support students in meeting the following middle school NGSS Performance Expectations.
MS-LS1 From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
MS-LS1-4 Use argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively.
MS-LS2 Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics
MS-LS2-2 Construct an explanation that predicts patterns of interactions among organisms across multiple ecosystems.
MS-LS4 Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity
MS-LS4-4 Construct an explanation based on evidence that describes how genetic variations of traits in a population increase some individuals' probability of surviving and reproducing in a specific environment.