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Lewis & Clark as Naturalists
The Journals Lewis and Clark as Naturalists

red alder

Capt. Lewis, February 9, 1806--The stem of the black alder of this country before mentioned as arriving to great size, is simply branching and defuse. the bark is smooth of a light colour with wh[i]te coloured spreading spots or blotches, resembling much that of the beech. the leaf fructification &c is precisely that of the common alder of our country. these trees grow seperately from different roots and not in clusters or clumps as those of the Atlantic states

Capt. Clark, February 9, 1806--The stem of the Black Alder of this country before mentioned as ariveing at great size, is simple branching and defuse. the bark is smoth of a light colour with white coloured spredding spots or blotches, resembling much that of beech. the leaf is procisely that of the common alder of the United States or Virginia. those trees grow seperately from different roots and not in clusters or clumps, as those of the atlantic States, casts its foliage about the Ist of December.

 
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