The Viking’s dramatic western expansion across the North Atlantic is still poorly understood. What made them leave their homelands? How did they navigate the North Atlantic? When and why did the Viking settlements in Greenland die out? Where in North America did the Vikings travel?
Answers to these questions are found in many places. Fragile objects and archaeological sites are used to track the Vikings’ western expansion. Ice-core samples and pollen remains help reconstruct the environment during the Viking age and later. Manuscripts preserving the deeds and words of the Vikings tell their own part of the story. For modern scholars, uncovering the Viking past is a constant journey of discovery.