Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, North American Mammals
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Artibeus lituratus

Great Fruit-eating Bat

Order: Chiroptera
Family: Phyllostomidae

Image of Artibeus lituratus
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Conservation Status: Least Concern.

These are large, powerful bats with broad shoulders and short, velvety fur. They are common to abundant in lowland forests, using caves, tangles of vines in trees, tree hollows, and palm fronds as roosting sites. Sometimes they roost alone and sometimes in small groups, which usually consist of one male with several females. They change roosts frequently.

Fruit, flowers, and pollen are all consumed. The bats leave their roosts to forage about 45 minutes after sunset and may take more than two dozen figs per night to a night roost to eat them. As with many other species, they are less active when the moon is full.

Range: Head and Body: 87-101 mm

Range: 53-73 g


Olfers, I., 1818. In Eschwege, W.L., Journal von Brasilien, in F.J. Bertuch. Neue Bibliothek, 15:224.


Mammal Species of the World

Distribution of Artibeus lituratus