Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, North American Mammals
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Vulpes vulpes

Red Fox

Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae

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Vulpes vulpes - typical coloration, top; silver fox, lower left; cross fox, lower right
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Conservation Status: Least Concern.

Red foxes are the most widely distributed wild carnivores in the world, occurring in North America, Asia, Europe, and North Africa. They are also widespread in Australia, where they were introduced in about 1850 so that fox-hunters would have something to hunt. Their range in North America has expanded since colonial times as their competitors, wolves, were eliminated, but their range has also contracted in areas where they are in competition with coyotes. Red foxes prey on voles, rabbits, hares, and other small mammals, and also eat birds, fruits, and invertebrateseven beetles and earthworms. A malefemale pair typically inhabits a territory, and older, usually female, siblings help care for the younger offspring by bringing them food. Red foxes are among the main carriers and victims of rabies.

Sexual Dimorphism:
Males can be 15%-25% heavier than females.

Range: 827-1,097 mm

Range: 3-7 kg


Linnaeus, C., 1758.  Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classis, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tenth Edition, Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm, 1:40, 824 pp.


Mammal Species of the World

Mammalian Species, American Society of Mammalogists' species account

Distribution of Vulpes vulpes

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Vulpes vulpes - kits
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Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox), MidAtlantic
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Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox), MidAtlantic
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