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Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, North American Mammals

  Lagomorpha · Leporidae · Sylvilagus transitionalis

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Sylvilagus transitionalis

New England Cottontail

Order: Lagomorpha
Family: Leporidae

Image of Sylvilagus transitionalis
Click to enlarge this image. (98 kb)

Conservation Status: Vulnerable.


New England Cottontails forage alone, and groom themselves but not each other. They feed on grasses and clover in the summer, and when those are not available, turn to twigs and forbs. They maintain relatively small home ranges of less than one hectare (2.5 acres). Females are slightly larger than males, but males tend to have slightly larger home ranges. Three to eight are born in a litter, and the female nurses them for about 16 days.

Sexual Dimorphism:

Females are larger than males.

Length:

Range: 398-439 mm

Weight:

Range: 995-1,347 g

References:

Bangs, O., 1895.  The geographical distribution of the eastern races of the cottontail (Lepus sylvaticus Bach.) with a description of a new subspecies, and with notes on the distribution of the northern hare (Lepus americanus Erxl.) in the east, p. 405.  Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, 26:404-414.

Links:

Mammal Species of the World (opens in a new window).

Mammalian Species, American Society of Mammalogists' species account * (opens in a new window).
* PDF reader available here (opens in a new window).

Distribution of Sylvilagus transitionalis

Image of Sylvilagus transitionalis
Click to enlarge this image. (213kb)

Skull of Sylvilagus transitionalis
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