Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, North American Mammals
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Parascalops breweri

Hairy-tailed Mole

Order: Soricomorpha
Family: Talpidae

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Conservation Status: Least Concern.

As in other moles, the fur of the Hairy-tailed Mole is short, very dense, soft, and silky, a good coat for traveling in underground tunnels. Its eyes are very small, and it does not have external ears. The claws on its front feet are admirably adapted for digging, being broad, flat, and heavy. Hairy-tailed Moles prefer loose soils, such as sandy loam, in areas with sufficient moisture and ground cover, which probably limits their distribution. They occur in a variety of habitats, including temperate forests, open fields, cultivated fields, and along roadsides. The sense of touch is important to this animal. It probably uses the whiskers on its snout, stiff hairs on top of its head, and a dense fringe of whisker-like hairs that edge the palms of its forefeet, as aids to navigating and finding earthworms and insects to eat.

Also known as:
Brewer's Mole

Sexual Dimorphism:
Males are larger than females.

Average: 163 mm
Range: 151-173 mm

Range: 41.0-62.8 g


Bachman, J., 1842.  Observations on the genus Scalops, (shrew moles) with descriptions of the species found in North America, p. 32.  Boston Journal of Natural History, 4:26-35.


Mammal Species of the World

Mammalian Species, American Society of Mammalogists' species account

Distribution of Parascalops breweri

Image of Parascalops breweri
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