Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, North American Mammals
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Neotoma floridana

Eastern Woodrat

Order: Rodentia
Family: Cricetidae

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Image of Neotoma floridana
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Conservation Status: Least Concern.

Eastern Woodrats are common in wooded areas with dense understories, in hedgerows, and in rocky outcrops. Their dens are occupied by a succession of individuals, each one adding more sticks and other material to the collection. Dens average 2-3 feet in height. They offer protection from some predators, but not from snakes and weasels, which can follow the Woodrat into its den. The Woodrats store edible and non-edible material in their dens, and it is not known why the inedible materials are kept. Woodrats are born nearly naked, with their eyes and ears closed, and they immediately attach to one of the four teats on their mother's underside. They remain attached to the nipples, only rarely letting go, for three to four weeks.

Also known as:

Average: 320 mm males; 369 mm females
Range: 305-450 mm males; 300-399 mm females

Average: 299 g males; 216 g females
Range: 220-384 g males; 174-260 g females


Ord, G., 1818.  in De Blainville, H., "Sur une nouvelle espèce de rongeur de la Floride, par M. Ord de Philadelphie", Bulletin des sciences, par la Société philomatique de Paris, Impression de Plassan, Paris, pp.181-182.


Mammal Species of the World

Mammalian Species, American Society of Mammalogists' species account

Distribution of Neotoma floridana

Image of Neotoma floridana
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Skull of Neotoma floridana
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