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Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, North American Mammals

  Rodentia · Cricetidae · Microtus pinetorum

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Microtus pinetorum

Woodland Vole

Order: Rodentia
Family: Cricetidae

Image of Microtus pinetorum
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Conservation Status: Least Concern.

Fossil finds have helped document shifts in the geographic distribution of the Woodland Vole over the centuries. During the Pleistocene, when glaciers covered much of North America, this species ranged well into Texas and northern Mexico. As the climate warmed and the Southwest got drier, Woodland Voles, which prefer habitats with a thick leaf layer or dense grassy patches, became concentrated in the eastern United States. Other small mammals found in the same habitats as Woodland Voles include Jumping Mice, White-footed Mice, Deermice, Red-backed Voles, Prairie Voles, Meadow Voles, Smoky Shrews, and Short-tailed Shrews. Hairy-tailed Moles frequently share their burrow systems.

Also known as:

Pine Vole, Pine Mouse, Mole Mouse, Potato Mouse, Mole Pine Mouse, Bluegrass Pine Mouse

Sexual Dimorphism:



Average: 121 mm
Range: 111-139 mm


Range: 14-37 g


LeConte, J.L., 1830.  Description of a new genus of the order rodentia, p. 133.  Annals of Lyceum of Natural History of New York, 3:132-133.


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Distribution of Microtus pinetorum

Image of Microtus pinetorum
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