Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, North American Mammals
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Microtus canicaudus

Gray-tailed Vole

Order: Rodentia
Family: Cricetidae

Image of Microtus canicaudus
Click to enlarge. (61 kb)

Conservation Status: Least Concern.

One of several voles with very small ranges, Gray-tailed Voles live only in lower-elevation grasslands. They do well in agricultural areas. They are excellent swimmers and can often escape flooding that way. Their population density fluctuates quite a lot for reasons that are unknown. In captivity, male Gray-tailed Voles provide parental care, a behavior that is rare among rodents in the genus Microtus.

Sexual Dimorphism:
Males are larger than females.

Average: 150 mm
Range: 140-168 mm

Range: 35-55 g


Miller, G.S., Jr., 1897.  Description of a new vole from Oregon, p. 67.  Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 11:67-68.


Mammal Species of the World

Mammalian Species, American Society of Mammalogists' species account

Distribution of Microtus canicaudus