LOOKING BOTH WAYS: Heritage and Identity of the Alutiiq People of Southern Alaska

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Kiniklik (Kangirluk)

Kiniklik was an historic village in northwestern Prince William Sound. It is remembered in Chugach oral history as the home of the shaman Pukituq, who could change himself into any kind of animal. In this part of the Sound, the Columbia Glacier and other huge rivers of ice flow out of the mountains and down to the sea. In addition to their main village, the territory of the Kiniklik people included hunting and fishing places; camps; old village sites; caves where ancestors were buried; and rocks where hunters painted images of animals, people, boats, and spirits.

Men from the village hunted for the Russians and later the American fur traders based at Nuchek. Kiniklik had its own Alaska Commercial Company store in the 1890's. The village was spared from the 1907 influenza epidemic that killed many people at Tatitlek and Chenega. People left the village sometime before 1930.

Kiniklik village, circa 1909. Courtesy of the National Archives, RG75.E823.

Kniklik, no date. Boys sitting in front of skin-covered kayak and kayak frame. Courtesy of National Anthropological Archives, 38,108.

Residents of Kiniklik, circa 1909. Courtesy of the National Archives, RG75.E823.

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