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Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
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Iceland is one of the youngest landmasses in the world. This large island is a volcanic hotspot that straddles the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, where North American and European tectonic plates spread apart, contributing to a geologically active landscape. Iceland's volcanic highlands sustain glaciers and deserts, but fertile soils cover much of the country as well. Although Iceland sits close to the Arctic Circle, it is enveloped in warm ocean currents that temper the climate. Fishing, agriculture, industry, technical innovation, and a rich cultural life characterize Icelandic society.

An illustrated map of iceland marking different locations click image to expand

Size: 103,000 sq. km (39,769 sq. mi.)— about the size of the state of Kentucky.

Population: 322,000

Map of the world with the location of iceland highlighted on it Location of Iceland on a map of the world

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