Religious Worship

Goat horn core

Female figurine, pottery
Middle Chalcolithic Period (c.3500-2500 BC)
Paphos District Museum

The Great Mother

The oldest form of worship on Cyprus was veneration of the Mother Goddess, source of life and fertility. A number of figurines from Chalcolithic villages, depicting seated or squatting women in the act of giving birth, may be an expression of that devotion.

Small cross-shaped figures also seem to represent women giving birth. These were often worn as pendants, especially in death. Great numbers of the stone pendants have been unearthed from cemeteries at Souskiou.