Early and Middle Bronze Age
2300 – 1600 BC
An Island of Prospectors and Farmers
A new technology was sweeping the ancient world: bronze metalwork. Copper is the primary component of bronze, and traders, on the lookout for copper, found a bonanza on Cyprus.
Beginning in about 2400 BC, prospectors from Anatolia explored the island for copper. They brought new ways of building houses, cooking, spinning, and weaving. They also brought cattle and the ox-drawn plow, creating an agricultural revolution. Plows opened up new terrain for farming, leading to a boom in food production and a rapid increase in population.
The newcomers spread across the island, settling in the copper-rich foothills of the Troodos Mountains and living in peaceful coexistence with the local people. Over time, the two communities merged to produce a single, unique Bronze Age culture.
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Life in 2,000 B.C.
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