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Cyprus: Crossroads of Civilizations - Statue of Aphrodite

Dawn of an Age of Copper

Map of eastern Mediterannean featuring Cyprus and its surrounding countries

Remains of a chalcolithic period house

The Chalcolithic (meaning “copper-stone”) period saw the rise of one of the most distinctive societies of prehistoric Cyprus: the Erimi Culture. It was a period of population growth, remarkable arts and crafts, the first Cypriot works in copper, and the creation of social hierarchies.

Villages grew in size, with large houses and high-status goods denoting differences in wealth and position. Grain storage and food preparation became private rather than communal, as it was in the earlier villages. More than 100 villages of the Erimi Culture have been found.

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Chalcolithic Ceramics
Religious Worship


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