Medieval and Historic Times
Labyrinths, compass roses,"Russian ovens", chapels and fishing harbors are found at numerous locations in Lövånger. By means of lichen chronology, rock weathering rates and elevations above sea level, it was possible to date many of these features. The labyrinths date from as early as AD 1300 but were especially common in the 16th century, the height of the herring fisheries. These ancient symbols represent both fishing superstition and Christian belief in the pilgrimage. The stonecompass roses are also medieval and perhaps had practical uses for fisherman without compasses of their own. The Russian Ovens were radiocarbon dated to between AD 1400 - 1700 and were probably baking ovens. Small harbors were established at a number places on Bjuröklubb but had to be abandoned when shore levels changed.